03 May 1992 - 04 Sep 1992


  1. gde.smo (265)
  2. jugoslavija (185)
  3. srbija (2538)
  4. svet (100)
  5. mir (4)
  6. politika (38)
  7. bonton (16)
  8. ljudska.prava (3)
  9. novine (80)
  10. trac (174)
  11. devojke (688)
  12. klub (7)
  13. svedocenja (264)
  14. razno (638)

Messages - novine

novine.1 dejanr,
[odgovor na 13.42, spantic] >> > Sinoć je ukinut JUTEL ... >> >> Bila bi lepa vest da ta prokleta stanica ipak nije obavila lep deo >> prljavog posla. Davno nisam gledao JUTEL (otkad su ga ovde što zabranili (TVB) što ukinuli zbog neplaćenih računa (NTV)) tako da stvarno ne znam kakav je i koliki prljav posao obavio. Ali zato znam da bi, ako bi se po pravdi ukidale stanice koje obavljaju "prljav posao", trebalo početi od HTV, TVSRB itd. Kad bi se nastavilo po spisku, uskoro ne bismo gledali dnevnike (sorry vesna :)
novine.2 dnikolic,
>> Bila bi lepa vest da ta prokleta stanica ipak nije obavila lep deo >> prljavog posla. U vreme dok sam gledao ( tj. mogao da gledam ) YUTEL nisam primetio nista prljavo. Voleo bih da znam o cemu se radi? Verujem da je u pitanju samo ona stara izreka " Istina uvek boli ". dn P.S. Samo kao se sazna naglo... ( dopuna dn )
novine.3 balinda,
>>>> Bila bi lepa vest da ta prokleta stanica ipak nije >>>> obavila lep deo prljavog posla. >> >> U vreme dok sam gledao ( tj. mogao da gledam ) YUTEL nisam >> primetio nista prljavo. Voleo bih da znam o cemu se radi? >> Verujem da je u pitanju samo ona stara izreka " Istina uvek >> boli ". Saglasan! Smatram da je u ono doba kada se YUTEL i nas direktno ticao, on bio možda i najobjektivniji. (?) Sada čujem (spantic) da to nije tako, pa bih voleo da znam da li je YUTEL naglo izgubio svoju objektivnost ili je, po njegovom sudu, uvek tako bilo? Ovo mi je važno da znam da li da, zbog ukidanja, žalim ili ne? ;)
novine.4 vesna,
>> Kad bi se nastavilo po spisku, uskoro ne bismo gledali dnevnike >> (sorry vesna :) Ostavite mi bar Dnevnikov dodatak! :(
novine.5 vkrstonosic,
>>>> Kad bi se nastavilo po spisku, uskoro ne bismo gledali dnevnike >>>> (sorry vesna :) >> >> Ostavite mi bar Dnevnikov dodatak! :( Problem je od kad su ukinuli onu divnu emisiji "24 časa". Može li duže ;))
novine.6 zqusovac,
> Smatram da je u ono doba kada se YUTEL i nas direktno ticao, on bio mozda > i najobjektivniji. Nazalost, iako ga zahvaljujuci narodnoj vlasti, demokratskoj upravi televizije i oslobodjenim predajnicima odavno ne vidimo, ukidanje nepodobnih medija sve ce nas se vise ticati.
novine.7 .bale.,
Clanak iz "Independent"-a --------------------------------------------------------------- The bloodshed will continue as long as Germany dominates EC foreign policy, argues Sir Alfred Sherman. THE WORST IS YET TO COME IN BOSNIA Writing in The Independent in 1988, I traced how the imminent collapse of Communism in Yugoslavia would follow ethnic fault lines and threaten the integrity of the Yugoslav multinational state. Like many observers, I feared that whatever the shortcomings of the Versailles creation, it's disintegration was likely to lead to ethno-religious wars generating mass blood-letting, which would feed on itself and claim hundreds of thousands of innocent victims. And the worst is yet to come. Nato and the Western European Union ignored the prospect, preferring to wait on events. Worse still, the European Community chose Yugoslavia as an anvil on which to hammer out its "common foreign policy", based less on raison d'etat than on corporate egotism, designed to permit politicians from Luxembourg, Italy, The Netherlands, and Ireland to parade before the television cameras. The result was subordination to Germany, with its interests in the Balkans and a foreign minister who enjoyed wide license from his colleagues. This reproduced the historical pattern of the Drang nach Osten. Germany's anti-Serb orientation was reinforced by the side-effects of its defeat in 1945, when part of its Protestant heartland was annexed to the Soviet Union and Poland and the rest it reduced to a status that has downgraded its role in German politics and strengthened the Catholic influence in policy-making, which supports Croatian Catholic Nationalism. Whitehall's view was more balanced but also more detached thanks to geography and pressures for concessions to Germany in the name of Europeanness. So, the recognition relay began. Slovenia's recognition was logical enough, the more so since Serbian intransigence had antagonized the Slovenes, their traditional allies in maintaining a Yugoslav entity. Linking Croatia's recognition with Slovenia's helped obviate objections based on differences between the two, stemming from Croatia's attitude towards its Serb minority. Were it not for the Serbian question, Croat independence would meet the usual preconditions. This does not hold good for Bosnia. There never has been a Bosnian nation. The Muslims, who overtook the Serbs as largest ethnos only after the Second World War, hanker for a return to their status under Ottoman rule. Their new leadership wishes to recreate Bosnia as a Muslim fundamentalist state, with Pakistan as its role-model and little room for Christians at all, and then only as second-class citizens. President Alija Izetbegovic put his cards on the table in his 1990 Islamic Declaration. He envisages a pure Moslem state with the religious, political and social dimensions wholly integrated. He regards Islam as timeless, above consideration of reform. His associates share his foreign clericalist background, Haris Silajdzic, his Foreign Minister, who until recently was Secretary to the Islamic Council of Bosnia, has close links with Tripoli. The very idea that a large indigenous Christian community, whose history and psychology are shaped by their fight for national and religious survival under the Ottoman yoke and subsequently for independence, should be expected to submit to being turned into a minority in a Muslim fundamentalist state demonstrates how little the German Minister, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, and his Dutch counterpart, Hans Van den Broek, understand of the Balkans. At present, the Muslims enjoy Croat support against their Serb fellow Christians. This is no novelty. From the Crusades onwards, there has been a tendency in the Catholic Church to regard Muslim infidels as a lesser evil than the Orthodox "Schismatic" Serbs. Croats and Muslims worked hand in glove in the massacres of Bosnia Serbs in the Independent State of Croatia during the Second World War. Croatian opinion is far from monolithic on this matter. But atrocities perpetrated by the Yugoslav federal army in Slavonia and Dalmatia, egged on by President Slobodan Milosevic, for whom the Serbs of Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina are pawns, hardened Croatian hearts. Bloodshed breeds bloods hed. Demonising the Serbs only reinforces the hardliners' argument that they have nothing to lose by blood-and-fire policies. It is fashionable to blame Versailles for the unviable states that generated inter-ethnic conflict and invited revanchist intervention by Germany and Hungary. But whatever their shortcomings, Poland, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia were paragons of rationality and stability compared with the European Community's proteges of Bosnia and (if Greek objections are overcome) Macedonia. A century ago, British politicians, media, and public opinion were keenly aware of the "Eastern Question" and actively sympathized with Turkey's subject Christian populations. Nowadays, they may no longer care, but they can not afford to ignore it, when religious and ethnic conflict flares up on the shores of the Adriatic. In foreign and in economic affairs, we cannot afford to let Germany continue to make the running, least of all when Mr.Genscher is retiring and Chancellor Helmut Kohl is too busy fighting for his political life to worry about the Balkans. Whatever the intrinsic merits of the concept of a common European foreign policy, it will be judged by its fruits. Britain, whose government has just bought a new lease of life, is in a position to argue that since German-initiated policies have led to a bloody impasse, the EC must help to work out bespoke constitutional arrangements suitable to the Balkans peoples' character and circumstances. Otherwise, the Serbs of the Dinaric Alps will fight on regardless, and others will be drawn in, as has happened in the past. --------------------------------------------------------------- Sir Alfred Sherman is a former advisor to Mrs. Thatcher.
novine.8 .bale.,
LONDON (UPI) -- U.S. Secretary of State James Baker announced steps Friday to sever links with the Serbian-dominated government in Belgrade, calling the war in the breakaway Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina a ``humanitarian nightmare.'' After a meeting with British Prime Minister John Major at 10 Downing Street, Baker told reporters outside that it was time for the ``civilized world'' to stop the bloody war raging in the former Yugoslav republics. ``We hope and believe that there can be some coordinated action by others in the civilized world, and that others, like ourselves, will be unwilling to sit back and watch what really is a humanitarian nightmare, '' Baker said. Baker announced the United States was withdrawing its ambassador from Belgrade and cutting other diplomatic and military links. The ambassador had been told earlier to return to Washington for consultations. ``We will also be breaking contacts that we have with the Yugoslav military, '' Baker added. ``We will be closing two of the three Yugoslav consulates in the United Sates, the consulates in San Francisco and New York. We will be drawing down our embassy staff in Belgrade.'' In response to questions by reporters, Baker suggested outside military intervention to put a halt to fighting in the Balkans would be premature. ``I think the civilized world should really begin to think what they might be able to do in concert politically, diplomatically and economically,'' Baker said. ``If measures in those fields fail, then and only then, it would be my view that you would take a look at questions involving military matters.'' Baker said Britain was completely behind U.S. policy. ``The special relationship between Britain and the United States is alive and well,'' Baker said. ``I constantly find that the government here is totally and competely behind the actions of the U.S.'' Britain was expected to pressure European Community foreign ministers gathering in Lisbon Saturday to cut trade with Belgrade and freeze Yugoslav assets in Western Europe, diplomatic sources said. Baker travels to Lisbon Saturday and is expected to attend the meeting of EC foreign ministers. He then flies on to Tbilisi, Georgia. The addition to his journey of Georgia, the last of the 15 former Soviet states to be visited by Baker, will allow him ``to see first-hand what progress is being made on political and economic reform,'' U.S. State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said Thursday. The United States established diplomatic relations with Georgia last month and opened an embassy in Tbilisi. The State Department said Baker will meet with Georgian leaders -- including former Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, who is now chairman of the Georgian State Council. Baker is also expected to meet with Israeli and Egyptian foreign ministers in Lisbon during a gathering of officials from 82 countries at the international conference on assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States.
novine.9 .bale.,
UNITED NATIONS (UPI) -- The General Assembly voted Friday to admit the newly independent nations of Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia-Hercegovina to the United Nations, dealing a fatal blow to the already crumbling Yugoslavian federation. Reflecting the declining status of the former Yugoslavia, the United States said the Belgrade government, which now controls only the republics of Serbia and Montenegro, would no longer be considered a member of the world body. ``If Serbia and Montenegro desire to sit in the United Nations, they should be required to apply for membership and be held to the same standards as all other applicants,'' the new U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Edward Perkins, said in his first address. ``Specifically, they must prove to the members of the United Nations that the so-called Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is a peace-loving state,'' Perkins said. He said the Belgrade government has ``overwhelming responsibility'' for months of warfare in Bosnia- Hercegovina. Perkins' statement amounted to a rejection of the claim by the Serb- dominated government in Belgrade to the U.N. seat of the former Yugoslavia. But Belgrade will keep its U.N. membership until the Security Council decides otherwise. Islamic, Arab and some Central European countries had discussed the possibility of denying Belgrade its U.N. membership but could not reach a concensus on a legal approach to such an action. These nations want to unseat Belgrade mostly because it no longer represents the federation and because of its war against Bosnia- Hercegovina, which has a large population of Muslim Slavs, as well as Roman Catholic Croats and ethnic Christian Orthodox Serbs. The General Assembly accepted the three Balkan states by acclamation on the recommendation of the Security Council. The disintegrating Yugoslav federation has been wracked by a bloody civil war since Croatia and Slovenia declared independence on June 25. What remains of the federation, controlled by the Marxist government in Belgrade, is only Serbia and Montenegro. The sixth Yugoslav republic, Macedonia, also is seeking independence. The admission of the three republics brought the total of U.N. membership to 178. Their flags were immediately raised in fron of U.N. headquarters. The president of the General Assembly, Saudi Ambassador Samir Shihabi, said aggression against any of the republics ``will now be an aggression against a sovereign member state of the United Nations.'' Attending both the General Assembly session and flag ceremony were Slovenian President Milan Kucan, Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and the foreign minister of Bosnia-Hercegovina, Haris Silajdzic. Silajdzic, a young and outspoken Cabinet member, called on the assembly and the Security Council to apply Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter, which would allow the council to impose sanctions against Belgrade unless it stops the war against its neighbors. ``Bosnia now is one big, bleeding wound,'' Silajdzic said in accepting the U.N. membership. ``If the war is not stopped now, it will undermine peace and security in the region.'' In a related development, Secretary-General Boutros Ghali decided Friday to chair a task force that will meet three times a week to monitor the situation in the former Yugoslavia and to coordinate the United Nations' role in the crisis.
novine.10 .bale.,
BOSNIAN STRIFE CUTS OLD BRIDGES OF TRUST by John F. Burns New York Times, May 22 ZVORNIK, May 19 --- When Serbian gunmen go door to door, pulling Muslim Slavs from their homes at gunpoint and herding them aboard cattle trucks, they call it "ethnic purification". But another name for what the Serbs are doing in this dederted, bu- llet and shell-scarred town in the Alpine hills of eastern Bosnia, and in communities elsewhere in this disintegrating republic, is the revision of history. An End to Coexistence ----------------------- For more than 500 years, since Turkish conquerors swept up the Dri- na River valley and overthrew the medieval Serbian potentate whose ruined fortress looks down from Zvornik's wooded hights, this has been a place whe- re Serbs, Muslim Slavs and Croats have lived side by side. But not for much longer in Zvornik, if it is left to the slouch-po- stured Serbian militiamen who now control the town. At lunchtime on Tuesday, another truck appeared in the sinuous back streets.l In minutes, militiamen in camouflaged fatigues press-ganged more Muslim men aboard, to join the wave of at least 670,000 refugees already swamping the "heartbreak hotels," as the victims of Bosnia's savage civil war call the tent camps, school gy- mnasiums and parks that serve as temporary quarters for many of the homeless. At least 5,000 of the refugees, perhaps twice as many, are Muslims from Zvornik, a town with a 60 percent Muslim majority that only had about 15000 residents when the deportations began six weeks ago. How many Muslims have been driven from all of eastern Bosnia, a region about 50 miles wide and about 125 miles deep, is unclear, but what is certain is that the Serb terror tactics have abeen aimed at making a Serb stronghold of a region where 78 percent of a population of about 450,000 people were Mus- lims, and only 10 percent Serbs, at the time of the 1991 census. Like the other refugees across Bosnia, most of those driven from Zvornik left with only a few cherished belongings, scrambling aboard trucks and vuses with vacuum cleaners, children''s tricycles, and plastic bags of clo- thing. Many have had to walk for days across deeply forested mountains, sleeping in the open with small children and pooling what little cash they had to buy food. Major Refugee Crisis -------------------- The United Nations High Commission for Refugees has described it as Europe's first refugee crisis since World War II, and one of the worst anywhere in decades. "I saw the ppeople crying," one old Muslim said, describing the latest expulsions from Zvornik. Western reporters were kepr from witnessing the roundup by Serbian soldiers at a roadblock on the eastern side of the Drina. The soldiers said that they had been told to let no outsiders cross from Serbia into Bosnia at Zvornik from 1p.m. to 2:30 p.m., the exact period, the Zvornik Muslims said later, when the Muslims were being loaded onto the truck. Afterward, in their home in Zvornik, a Muslim family told of the sudden departure of Serbs from the twon in the days before the evening of April 8, when Serbian militia units opened fire on the town's residential areas from across the Drina with tank cannon, mortars and other weapons; of how Serbian militiamen swept into the town at dawn, rounded up Muslims, and killed groups of them, including at least 50 in one neighborhood near the town center; of how thousands of Muslims had to choose between trying to protect their homes without being killed or volunteering to join other Muslims being driven from the town. Reports of Mass Burials ----------------------- Little of what they said could be independently verified, not even the accounts of the bulldozed mounds in a gravel pit by the Drina where hundreds of victims of the bombardment and executions were said by the Muslims to have been buried in the days after April 9. When militiamen spotted two Western reporters talking to local Serbs near the police headquarters, the reporters were escorted back across the Drina into Serbia and told not to come back. Despite the lack of corroboration, there was much that suggested that the Muslims were not exaggerating. For one thing, while the Muslims seemed deeply frightened, their stories of actions against them by Serb militias were told with a striking absence of animosity against Serbs in general. Indeed many insisted on recounting the kindnesses shown toward them by individual Serb neighbors. Moreover, dozens of Western relief workers and reporters who have visited refugee centers farther west in BBosnia, and who have spoken to Muslim refugees from towns and villages along the Drina Valley, have been told similar tales of summary executions, of homes looted and burned, of cattle trucks carrying men, women and children away. While forced deportations have also been carried out by Muslim Slav and Croatian militias, adding thousands of Serbs to the refugee tide, the process appears to have been carried out more systematically, and on a wider scale, by the Serbs. International Condemnation -------------------------- Their actions, and Serbia's support for them, have been condemned aby the United States, the United Nations Security Council, the European Community, and with increasing anger by Muslim nations around the world, whose leaders, like President Turgut Ozal of Turkey, have argued for inter- national military intervention of the kind that the United Nations authorized after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990. But so far, little has been done, apart from the decision last week by the United States and the 12-nation European Community to withdraw their ambassadors from Yugoslavia, now composed only of Serbia and Montenegro. The status of the Bosnian Muslims, who account for 44 percent of Bosnia and Herzegovina's 4.4 million people, took a turn for the worse on March 1, when Alija Izetbegovic, the Bosnian President, followed the lead of Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia in declaring Bosnia's secession from Yugoslavia. While Serbian leaders in the republic continued to go through the morions of negotiating with other groups for the creation of an independent Bosnia composed of ethnic "cantons," Serbia, the Yugoslav Army and Serbian militias in Bosnia began putting a plan into effect to carve up Bosnia on ethnic lines, with about two-thirds of the republic's territory to be seized for the Serbs. Offensive by Serbian Forces --------------------------- The Serbs worked from an ethnic map. Woth arms and ammunition supplied by the army, and in many cases with the army fighting alongside them, Serbian militias seized a wide corridor of eastern Bosnia adjacent to Serbia, including towns with large Muslim populations like Bijeljina, Zvornik, Bratunac, Vlasenica, Visegrad, Gorazde, and Foca. To this, they planned to add a northern corridor of Bosnia that would connect Serbia to Serb-held areas of Croatia, and to Serbian strongholds in northwestern parts of the republic around Bihac. In the southern Herzegovina region, they fought for Muslim towns like Mostar, apparently hoping to create another corridor connecting to southern Serbia and Montenegro. In late March, Zvornik seemed like a quiet, untroubled town. At a flea market beside the rushing, blue-green waters of the Drina, Muslim vendors in filigreed skullcaps set up rickety tables side by side with the town's Serbian and Croatian entrepreneurs, selling the bric-a-brac of eastern Europe, from Czechoslovak-made bicycle pumps to Polish combs. For travelers driving to Sarajevo, Zvornik seemed like a symbol of what Bosnia could be if ethnic mili- tants could be pushed to the sidelines and the fledgling nation's future built around the goodwill that seemed evident on that sunny, late winter's day. Old Ideas of Harmony -------------------- The notion of harmony on the Drina has deep roots in the psyche of Yugoslavia, whose most celebrated 20th-century writer, Ivo Andric, wrote a novel, "Bridge on the Drina", that helped him win the Nobel Prize for literature in 1961. The book is centered on Visegrad, and the 16-th century stone bridge across the river is a metaphor for the interwoven cultures, Serbian, Croatian and Turkish, Orthodox Christian, Roman Catholic and Muslim, that have made the town. In the Serbian offensive, Visegrad was one of the first towns to be seized, and its Muslims, like Zvornik's, are now mostly in refugee camps. The Muslims in Zvornik built barricades, but their situation was strategically hopeless. Since Roman times, when the narrow gorge between what is now Serbia and Bosnia was forst spanned by a bridge, Zvornik has been a prime target for invading armies. The Romans, the Turks, the AustroHungarian forces in World War I, and the Germans in World War II, all seized the town. The Serbs completed the job in barely 12 hours. But their objective, more than occupation, was expulsion of the town's Muslim majority. First, there was terror. One man in his 60's described how he watched the town's veterinarian, a Muslim, being machine-gunned along with other Muslims in front of the veterinarian's wife and daughter. The man said that he had counted at least 50 bodies of Muslims in the gardens of homes back from Zvornik's main street, where four-story homes with steep Alpine roofs crowd against the towering escarpment of Vratolomac, the "neck-breaking hill" that overlooks the town. The man said that one of the dead was a 17-year-old Serb girl whose throat had been cut. "She was slaughtered just because she asked them not to do anything to the Muslims," he said. The man said he had been led to his home by a young militiaman of about 25. But once inside, the militiaman spared him. "He said, 'O.K., I have orders to shoot you, but I'm not going to do it, I'm giong to shoot out of the window,'" the man said. Sympathy From Serbs ------------------- Other Muslims said that Serbian friends had been sympathetic, but were forbidden to help them overtly. "If they talk to us, they take them to the p police station and question them," one Muslim womean said. But to many Serbs, what happened seems to be considered a triumph. As one militia jeep passed doen the main street, a group of children held three fingers aloft, and Ortho- dox symbol that has become the equivalent of a 'V' for victory salute among the Bosnian Serbs. Immediately after the town was seized, most Muslims were dismissed from their fobs in the town's hospital, at a timber mill, and at the aluminum fabricating plant that is the principal employer, the Muslims said. One man in his 40's prroduced a neatly folded sheet of white paper, entitled "Decision oon the Abrogation of Work Contract", informing him that he had been sacked from his job of 20 years for failing to turn up on April 9, when the killing was continuing. "Anybody who approached the industrial zone that day, they started to shoot," the man said. "Those who couldn't go to work were fired." The Muslims who remain say they are trapped. Most have had their cars stolen, part of a rampage that saw militiamen going house to house, taking television sets, video recorders, skis, anything protable. One man showed a pink identity card, issued bu the militiamen and bearing the stamp of the self-proclaimed Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which he said forbade him, and other Muslims, to travel more that 10 miles from Zvornik. "They want a few of us here as hostages, in case the Muslims attack," he said. A neighbor said she had returned from Belgrade in the hope of persuading a "commission" established by the Serbs to re-distribute homes to Serbs not to confiscate hers. Eventually, the Serbs apparently intend to re-populate Zvornik with Serbian refugees from elsewhere in Bosnia, but for now it is a ghost town. Along the main street, once lively with cafes and grocery stores, all is now silent, with storefront after storefront shattered by bullets and shelves emptied by looters. At a hairdresser's, one of the few businesses still operating, a Serb named Zdravko Stefanovic traced what he said was a history of persecution of Zvornik's Serbs, from the Turkish conquest in 1460 A.D. to the arrest, deportation and execution of his father by Croatian fascists in World War II. From these experiences, he said, Serbs had learned never again to expose themselves to domination by another ethnic group. Another Serb, Drago Djukanovic, agreed. "Let the Muslims go to their own areas of Bosnia," he said. "They can live peacefully there. But we are not going to live with them."
novine.11 .bale.,
Chicago Tribune, Sunday 24, 1992 IT'S NOW OR NEWER FOR THE WEST TO INTERVENE IN BOSNIA William Pfaff BOSTON - American opinion is moving hesitantly toward military intervention in the former Yugoslavia. Elite opinion: The matter is not on the popular or political agendas - but neither was Kuwait two years ago this spring. The parallel between the Persian Gulf and Bosnia-Herzegovina may yet catch the attention of President Bush, in these pre-alection days. The official American position remains that military intervention is not under consideration. The press calls for more severe economic and political reprisals against Serbia for its aggressions, but some in the press and the policy community now are arguing that the treat, and if necessary the use of military force has become a necessity not only to check the killing in Bosnia-Herzegovina but to validate the principle the United States and the international community attempted to establish during the gulf crisis and its aftermath. When Serbia, and to a lesser extent Croatia, now are doing in Bosnia- Herzegovina confounds that principle, that military aggression and the murderous repression of ethnic minorities inside a state are matters of international concern and will be challenged by the international community. Serbia in particular, and Croatia as well, are by military aggression extending the territory they directly or indirectrly control, subsequently "cleansing" these conquered regions of their non-Serb or non-Croatian populations through expulsions, terrorism or simple murder. If this course is not reversed, they will succeed where Hitler ultimately failed, triumphantly carrying off wars of racial and territorial aggression in the face of world disapproval. A State Department official, who chose to be unidentified, said last week that this "dirty war ... in which people are murdered, tourtured, not because of what they do but because they belong to one ethnic group or another... is [mostly] being perpetuated against the Muslims, and the perpetrators tend to be more often than not Serbs." Others are involved, but "it's clear that the Serbs are most involved and the Muslims are most victimized." The Islamic dimension is important internationally. The Islamic states are saying that world indignation over aggression seems to function only when a Muslim state is the aggressor. At the United Nations they are pressing for action to defend the Muslims of Bosnia-Herzegovina but are opposed by China, member of the Security Council, and by the other Third World dictatorships that fear that the principle of international intervention might one day be turned against them. They are, of course, correct to fear the validation of a non-aggression principle. But Western countries have every reason to want it confirmed - and if it is to be confirmed, there must be AN EFFECTIVE INTERVENTION AGAINST SERBIA, the state whose ambitions have provoked the Yugoslav catastrophe. The prospect of international intervention would benefit on the one hand from the fact that it need not - indeed, should not - take the form of military action on the ground. Ground intervention in an ethnic and essentially civil struggle would almost certainly worsen it. Recognition of this fact is why the international community has been so reluctant to consider an itervention. Hovever, AN AIR INTERVENTION FROM WEST EUROPEAN BASES AND THE U.S. AND FRENCH CARRIER FORCES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN COULD DEPRIVE THE SERBIAN FORCES OF THE DECISIVE ADVANTAGE THEY THUS FAR ENJOYED, THE HEAVY ARTILLERY AND ARMORED FORCES OF THE EX-YUGOSLAV FEDERAL ARMY. That army's bombardment even now is doing to Sarajevo what it earlier did to Vukovar and Dubrovnik. That bombardment could be SILENCED IN HOURS, THE EX-FEDERAL AIR FORCE GROUNDED, AND SERBIA'S CIVILIAN AS WELL AS MILITARY AIRFIELDS CRATERED AND PUT OUT OF USE. The effect of that on Serbian popular opinion - already divided on this war - would be profound. THE INTERVENTION WOULD NEED TO BE ACCOMPANIED BY GREATLY INCREASED WESTERN RADIO BROADCASTING TO TH SERBIAN POPULATION, WHIC CURRENTLY IS IN THE GRIP OF A REPRESSIVE AND FANTASTICAL PROPAGANDA REGIME ASSERTING THAT THE SERBIAN PEOPLE ARE BESIEGED BY AN ALLIANCE OF RENASCENT NAZI GERMANY, FASCIST ITALY, IMPERIALIST AMERICA, A REACTIONARY VATICAN - AND FUNDAMENTALIST ISLAM. The United Nations is blocked from acting. The European Community is also blocked Greece supports Serbia (out of an absurd fear that an independent ax-Yugoslav Macedinia - with a population of 1.3 million people - would threaten Greece, which has a population of 9.7 million, the largest armed forces in Europe, proportionate to population, and which enjoys a formal security guarantee from 15 NATO nationa). It may thus be necessary that action be taken by an informal coalition of democraties. So long as they act accordance with the expressed majority opinion of the Security Council, the EC and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), the formalities are unimportant. The essential point is that the intervention express a consensus view of the democratic community. A LIMITED AIR INTERVENTION, ACCOMPANIED BY FURTHER MEASURES OF ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL REPRISAL AGAINST SERBIA, AND AGAINST CROATIA IF ITS INTERVENTION IN BOSNIA CONTINUES, WOULD NOT ITSELF HALT AGGRESSION BUT WOULD MAKE THE COMBAT A MORE EQUAL ONE ON THE GROUND, AND WOULD, AS WELL, GREATLY CHANGE THE POLITICAL CONTEXT OF THE STRUGGLE. As the international community has recognized the independence of Bosnia- Herzegovina, and of the other new ex-Yugoslav republics, it is JUSTIFIED IN ARMING AND OTHERWISE STRENGTHENING THOSE WHO RESIST AGGRESSION. It scarcely can do less if the words spoken about Kuwait meant anything. It must do at least this much for the sake of non-aggression in the future, and ethink coexistance, elsewhere in Eastern Europe and the ex-Soviet Union. This is a truth people in both the United States and Western Europe are coming to recognize. If George Bush will not act, what about John Major, responsible for last year's intervention to save the Kurds, or Francois Mitterrand? BUT IF THERE IS GOING TO BE ACTION, IT WILL HAVE TO COME SOON. (C) 1992, LOS ANGELES TIMES SYNDICATE arming and other
novine.12 .bale.,
Hehe, sad sam cuo na Vestima kako je predsednik Stranke Roma izjavio da Romi zive vec 600 godina u Jugoslaviji... ;-))) Regards from .bale. ! #:*)+-<
novine.13 squsovac,
Verujem da prisustvujemo početku kraja jedne teške bolesti. Problem je samo što sada kada je već ceo svet definitivno Sadamu okrenuo leđa, ovdfašnji ređim nema ama baš nikakve potrebe da kao do sada dopušta mogućnost postojanja i delovanja zaista nezavisnih medija koji su mu do sada služili kao legitimacija navodne demokratičnosti i sloboda.
novine.14 .bale.,
MOSCOW (UPI) -- President Boris Yeltsin said Russia would support a U. N. Security Council vote to impose a comprehensive economic embargo against the Belgrade government, the independent Interfax news agency reported Saturday. Interfax, quoting Yeltsin press secretary Vyacheslav Kostikov, said the Russian leader Friday night ordered Russia's U.N. representative Yuli Vorontsov to vote in favor of economic sanctions against the new Yugoslav federation, which is made up of Serbia and its ally Montenegro. The vote was expected to take place Saturday. Yeltsin's decision removed a major obstacle to approving the embargo. Previously Russia had been reluctant to support sanctions against Belgrade, arguing that the Serbian government should be given a chance to voluntarily curb its military activities. Russia, which could use its veto to block the sanctions, also opposed a comprehensive trade embargo because it would hit Russian oil exports to the Yugoslav government. But the failure of negotiations to put an end to the bloody conflict in Bosnia-Hercegovina apparently changed Yeltsin's mind on sanctions. China, which also has a veto on Security Council resolutions and was opposed to an oil embargo, was expected to abstain on the vote. The sanctions resolution, which is sponsored by the United States, France, Britain and Belgium, includes a ban on air links and trade -- including oil sales -- with Serbia and Montenegro. The resolution also obliges governments to reduce the number of Belgrade's diplomats in their countries and suspend agreements on sports events, cultural and technical cooperation. (complete writethru -- dubrovnik shelled again; updating fighting in sarajevo) By NIKOLA GUROVIC SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- Fighting convulsed Sarajevo Saturday, with security forces attacking the main Yugoslav army base and Serbian guerrillas blasting a beseiged apartment complex with mortar and anti-aircraft fire as thousands of residents huddled in terror in basements, witnesses and news reports said. ``There are apartments on fire. I can see the smoke. We need help pretty badly. Can't anybody help us?'' Mario Susko, a Sarajevo University professor, said in an impassioned plea by telephone from the embattled Dobrinja residential area on the western fringe of the Bosnia- Hercegovina capital. Fighting was reported in other areas of Bosnia-Hercegovina, including Prijedor, where the Serbia-based Tanjug news agency said Muslim Slav militiamen sought to take control of a bridge over the Sana River. Sarajevo radio said Serbian artillery attacks damaged a children's hospital in Tuzla. There were no reliable reports of casualties. In a related development, the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army launched a flurry of shellfire into Croatia's Adriatic port of Dubrovnik a day after an intense bombardment damaged buildings in the famed 14th-century walled city, witnesses and state-run Zagreb radio reported. ``I only know Dubrovnik is being pounded since 5 p.m., and still don't know from what direction because my men are in the shelter too,'' Joao da Silva, the Portugese chief of the Euiropean Community Monitoring Mission, told reporters in Zagreb. Witnesses said the shells landed in an already badly hit area of the old city around a Jesuit seminary and came from Yugoslav army positions around the nearby town of Cavtat and mountain ridges overlooking the city. They said Croatian fighters replied with multiple rocket fire. The reason for the attack was not immediately known, nor was there any comment available from the Yugoslav army. There were no casualties in the shelling, which violated a Jan. 3 ceasefire implemented as part of the U.N. peacekeeping operation in Croatia, 35 percent of which Serbian forces siezed in the war that erupted after Zagreb declared indepedence from former Yugoslavia last June. The developments came in advance of expected U.N. Security Council approval of sweeping economic sanctions against the communist-ruled rump Yugoslavia of Montenegro and Serbia, which is widely regarded as the main engineer of the brutal Yugoslav army-backed Serbian drive to seize a self-declared state in 70 percent of newly independent Bosnia- Hercegovina. In a clear 11th-hour bid to stave off the sanctions, the regime of President Slobodan of Serbia issued an open letter to the Serbian Democratic Party that condemned weeks of ruthless bombardments of Sarajevo and implicitly blamed them on the party's Yugoslav army-armed militia. ``We believe that those who are responsible for these tragic events should not only be restrained, but also brought to account,'' said the letter. Milosevic also sent a letter to President Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin asking them to assume the leading role in bringing peace to Bosnia-Hercegovina by establishing what he called joint control of the warring factions. Residents confirmed Sarajevo radio reports that Serbian Democratic Party guerrillas launched a blistering attack on the Dobrinja Three area of the massive five-section apartment block complex at 1:30 p.m., a day after warning they would level the area unless its outnumbered defenders surrendered their weapons. ``I think they are trying to get Dobrinja Three. They are shelling now. They are using mortars and anti-aircraft weapons,'' said Susko. ``This is absolute madness. Everyone is in their basements. People are terrified.'' Residents said the shooting subsided in the late afternoon. An estimated 30,000 Muslim Slavs, Serbs and Croats have been beseiged in Dobrinja for a month by guerrillas of the Serbian Democratic Party, which claimed the complex in demanding that Sarajevo be partitioned into ethnic districts. The guerrillas have barricaded the complex's entrance and refused to allow in food or medicines. They have also banned ambulances, forcing people to bury corpses in grassy lots fronting their apartment blocks, residents said. Street clashes between the warring factions were also reported in the northern Kosevo neighborhood, with officials saying that Serbian guerrillas launched attacks from the nearby town of Vogosca. Tanjug said Muslim Slav and Croatian militiamen attacked the Yugoslav army's Marshal Tito Barracks just outside the city center at about 6:30 a.m. with small arms and mortars. Troops returned fire with infantry and anti-aircraft weapons, officials said. Tanjug said the attack coincided with a shutdown of water and electricity supplies to the sprawling complex of regimented barracks buildings that stretch along Vojvode Radomira Putnika Street, the main thoroughfare leading into the downtown from western areas of the city of 560,000. The attack was apparently prompted by growing frustration within the city's defense forces over the Yugoslav army's failure to abandon the barracks as part of a May 22 agreement for its withdrawal from four bases in Sarajevo. Officials said before the fighting began, soldiers in the barracks destroyed trucks that they were to have turned over to defense forces. One of the Yugoslav army facilities was vacated last Sunday after troops handed over only 20 percent of the arms they were obliged to return to security forces. The operation was inexplicity suspended until Wednesday night, when another barracks was abandoned. The Yugoslav army announced late Saturday afternoon that an undisclosed number of cadets, soldiers and civilians ``safely'' evacuated the suburban Pazaric military academy, leaving Marshal Tito Barracks as the only facility still to be abandoned. Thousands of people have been killed, more than 18,000 injured and some 1.3 million driven from their homes since the conflict erupted in the runup to international recognition of Bosnia-Hercegovina's independence from the Serb-dominated wreckage of former Yugoslavia. The republic's 1.9 million Muslim Slavs, most of the 750,000 Roman Catholic Croats and some of the 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs backed recognition. The Yugoslav army-armed Serbian Democratic Party opposed independence and is seeking to merge its self-proclaimed state with the rump Yugoslav federation forged by Serbia and its tiny protege, Montenegro. In Serbia capital, Belgrade, Serbian Democratic Party President Radovan Karadzic again shrugged off the U.N. sanctions as ``absurd'' and also warned against the dispatch of any foreign troops to Bosnia- Hercegovina. ``Not one foreign soldier can come to Bosnia-Hercegovina without the agreement of all three peoples and that means not without acceptance by the Serbs,'' he said in an interview with Tanjug. ``The Serbian side would forbid one foreign soldier on the territory of Serbian Bosnia- Hercegovina and if one comes, he will be treated as an aggressor and occupier.'' UNITED NATIONS (UPI) -- The United States called on the Security Council and General Assembly Saturday to deny the claim by the remnants of Yugoslavia to the U.N. seat that was held by the nation before civil war tore it apart. U.S. Ambassador Edward Perkins said many countries have already expressed reservation to the Belgrade government's claim after Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina were admitted to the United Nations. Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina were part of Yugoslavia, but all seceded after a wave of separatism spawned by multi-ethnic differences swept the nation and civil war broke out last year. All that is now left of Yugoslavia are the republics of communist-ruled Serbia and tiny Montenegro. Its capital remains Belgrade. Perkins, addressing the Security Council, said the United States has informed the United Nations that the authorities in Belgrade do not ``represent the continuation of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.'' ``It is further my government's strong view that the Security Council and the General Assembly should act in the near future to confirm this position,'' Perkins said. Diplomats said the Security Council may take up the former Yugoslavia's U.N. membership at another meeting, or the General Assembly's credentials committee may act to block Belgrade from taking over the U.N. seat. The Security Council earlier Saturday voted to impose an embargo against what is left of Yugoslavia in protest of the savage fighting in Bosnia-Hercegovina, which was internationally recognized as a nation last month. The United States, Britain, France and Belgium designed the embargo against Belgrade. In their earlier draft of the embargo, they had included a provision urging the General Assembly to reject Belgrade's claim to the U.N. seat. But the provision was later dropped because other countries considered it unrelated to the sanctions making up the embargo.
novine.15 .bale.,
Subject: Greece says it will abide by sanctions against Serbia Date: 1 Jun 92 17:40:43 GMT ATHENS, Greece (UPI) -- Greece said Monday it would abide by the U.N. Security Council sanctions imposed on Serbia and Montenegro, but expected to suffer losses estimated at $1 billion. Prime Minister Constantine Mitsotakis also said any international recognition of Kosovo's right to self-determination and independence from Serbia ``would be a mistake'' and could have disastrous consequences. Mitsotakis's government issued a statement saying it would act with its other European Community partners in abiding by the U.N. sanctions imposed on Serbia and Montenegro because of attacks on Croats and Slavic Muslims in Bosnia-Hercegovina. But the statement said Greece hoped peace in Bosnia-Hercegovina ``will come soon, so that the sanctions will be lifted soon.'' Mitsotakis told reporters he had asked ministers in his cabinet to draw up estimates of the damage Greece was expected to suffer because of the sanctions. A statement issued by his government said Greece was the only E.C. member-state whose interests would be harmed by the sanctions, and Athens may seek compensation from the community for the expected losses. Officials said the sanctions would mean Greek trucks would be unable to use a busy overland route through Serbia to the rest of Europe, and tourists trying to get to Greece overland would also be unable to use the road. ``The hardest hit would be the textiles and ready-made clothing'' industry, one official said, ``while there would also be a big problem with fresh fruit and vegetables, particularly the export of peaches, which were to begin in a few days.'' Mitsotakis said if the international community decided to recognize Kosovo's right to self-determination, there was danger the conflict in the Balkans would spread southward closer to Greece's borders. The premier was speaking to reporters after holding discussions with former Socialist Prime Minister Andreas Papandreau on the worsening crisis among the former Yugoslav republics. Greece is the only E.C. member-state that has taken a pro-Serbian stance since the crisis began, and has expressed fears recently that it may face a huge refugee problem if fighting erupts in Kosovo, where balloting was held last week to elect a president. Athens has used its membership in the community to block E.C. recognition of Macedonia, saying it was opposed to recognition so long as the republic used the name ``Macedonia,'' but its moves have caused some irritation among its Western allies. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Serbs renew shelling of Sarajevo 2 hours after cease-fire deadline Date: Mon Jun 1 14:58:07 PDT 1992 SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- Serbian forces renewed shelling Sarajevo Monday night after the collapse of talks on completing a withdrawal of Yugoslav forces from the capital, shattering a U.N.- brokered cease-fire for the city less than two hours after it began, witnesses said. The attack confirmed widespread doubts that the truce would hold with the reinforcement of stiff economic sanctions imposed by the U.N. Security Council against the truncated Yugoslav federation of Serbia and Montenegro. Communist President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia is regarded by the U.N. Security Council as the main architect of the bloody, 2-month-old Yugoslav army-backed Serbian Democratic Party offensive to seize a self- declared state in newly independent Bosnia-Hercegovina. Witnesses said intermittent but steady Serbian artillery fire hit downtown areas of the besieged city of 560,000 shortly before 8 p.m. local time, with at least three shells slamming into a post office. Heavy smoke was seen rising from the scene. ``It is not heavy, it is not intense, but there is shelling,'' said one witness. ``It is a violation of the cease-fire.'' Street clashes also reportedly broke out in the Grbavica area between predominantly Muslim Slav defense forces and Serbian Democratic Party gunmen. The bombardment of Sarajevo erupted less than two hours into the U.N. -brokered 6 p.m. truce for the city, and followed a refusal by the Muslim Slav president, Alija Izetbegovic, to see Col. Gen. Zivota Panic, the Yugoslav army chief of staff, for face-to-face talks on the completion of a Yugoslav troop withdrawal from Sarajevo. An official close to Izetbegovic told United Press International that the president declined to meet Panic at the U.N. mission headquarters because the army chief insisted in a telephone call that troops take with them all heavy weapons when they vacate the Marshal Tito Barracks. The base, the largest in Sarajevo, is the only one of four the Yugoslav army has failed to abandon under an accord guaranteeing safe passage for its soldiers in exchange for the return of weapons confiscated two years ago from the republic's outgunned defense forces. In a letter to Panic later released by the presidency, Izetbegovic said: ``The heavy weapons must stay in the barracks. We're willing to talk about everything accept the heavy armaments.'' A reportedly angry Panic, who was appointed last month as part of a massive purge of the Yugoslav army hierarchy, stormed out of the U.N. headquarters after waiting for Izetbegovic for more than an hour. The cease-fire was brokered Sunday by U.N. officials, who said they obtained guarantees it would be observed by Serbian forces from Serbian Democratic Party chief Radovan Karadzic and Milosevic. The announcement of the accord came a day after the U.N. Security Council imposed economic sanctions against Serbia and allied Montenegro, including bans on trade and oil sales and a freeze on their foreign assets. Sarajevo also was shelled from hilltop Serbian guerrillas seven hours before the deadline for an end to hostilities. At least two people died when rounds slammed into the Austro-Hungarian era city hall, officials said. Witnesses said shells also crashed around the presidency building and blew out windows in residential areas to the west of the city center. ``The fire is coming from Zuc Mountain ... where the Serbs are concentrated,'' said Drago Bulic, a resident of the Malta apartment complex. Fighting was also reported in other areas of Bosnia-Hercegovina. One person died and seven were injured in bombing raids by Yugoslav air force jets of the predominantly Muslim Slav northern towns of Lukavac and Siminhan, Western diplomatic sources in Belgrade said. The air attacks came amid repeated assertions by Serbian leaders, protesting the U.N. economic sanctions, that the Yugoslav military was not involved in Bosnia-Hercegovina. In an earlier political development underscoring the revulsion felt by many Serbs for the Serbian offensive in Bosnia-Hercegovina, two Serbs joined the republic's collective presidency headed by Izetbegovic and comprising two other Muslim Slavs and two Croats. Nenad Kecmanovic and Mirko Pejanovic, university professors who were runners-up in elections last year, said they took the oath of office on condition their colleagues ``freeze'' their memberships in their nationalist-based parties and reconstitute the government. The pair, replacing two Serbs who resigned two months ago to join the ``government'' of the self-proclaimed Serbian state, also called in a joint statement for a resumption of European Community-brokered peace talks. They said they agreed to serve in the presidency for eight months, at the end of which they demanded new elections. Analysts saw the development as an astute move that further bolsters Izetbegovic's claim that his government, in which other Serbian moderates serve in senior positions, represents all of the republic's ethnic groups. Witnesses, meanwhile, said Croatia's Adriatic city of Dubrovnik was briefly shelled for a fourth day by Yugoslav army troops dug in to the south and Serbian guerrillas entrenched near Trebinje, just across the border in Bosnia-Hercegovina. At least one round crashed into the city's already badly damaged 14th century walled town, they said. There was no word on casualties, but officials said two people were killed in shelling on Sunday. U.N. officials said the cease-fire in Sarajevo was intended to promote the reopening of the Serb-controlled Sarajevo airport to allow for the delivery of humanitarian supplies desperately needed by hundreds of thousands of people running critically short of food supplies. Hajrudin Somun, a special adviser to Izetbegovic, said France has expressed its willingness to contribute more troops to the U.N. mission in former Yugoslavia for the purpose of providing security at the airport for humanitarian aid flights. He said the message was conveyed last week to Izetbegovic during a visit by Jacques Blot, a special envoy of French President Francois Mitterrand, who has already provided the U.N. Protection Force peacekeeing operation in neighboring Croatia with its largest contingent of soldiers. But the warring factions have yet to agree on the airport question, he said, explaining that the government rejected the Serbian Democratic Party's demand that control of the Ilidza area around the facility remain under the control of Serbian police and civilian administration. The Serbian Democratic Party eventually wants to merge the areas it claims in Bosnia-Hercegovina to the Serbia-Montenegro union, which has not been recognized by any Western power or many other states. Thousands of people have been killed, more than 18,000 injured and in excess of an estimated 1.3 million others forced from their homes since fighting erupted in Bosnia-Hercegovina in advance of international recognition of its independence in early April. Most of the republic's 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs opposed independence and demand the right to join rump Yugoslavia. Some Serbs, however, support the republic's territorial integrity along with the 1.9 million Muslim Slavs and 750,000 Roman Catholic Croats. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Parliamentary elections held in Yugoslavia; absenteeism extensive Date: 1 Jun 92 04:35:40 GMT BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- President Slobodan Milosevic's Socialist Party of Serbia and its Montenegrin protege, the Democratic Party of Socialists, appeared headed Monday for almost certain victory in parliamentary elections. A very low turnout in Sunday's balloting represented extensive observance of an election boycott called by Serbia's opposition coalition, as well as a loss of voter confidence in the political system and insecurity over the future. At the same time, the boycott guaranteed Milosevic's party, a successor to the old communist regime, an election victory. Some 50,000 demonstrators chanting ``red bandits'' marched through Belgrade protesting the election in what may be the start of a growing movement to press for the resignation of the authoritarian Milosevic. ``We are heading for the abyss,'' said Zoran Petrovic, a prominent journalist. ``This is very important for international public opinion that thinks only about savage Serbs who want war.'' The balloting came a day after the U.N. Security Council approved sweeping economic sanctions, including bans on trade and oil sales, against Serbia and Montenegro for backing Serbian forces in their two- month-old offensive to rip a self-declared state out of neighboring newly independent Bosnia-Hercegovina. More than 7.3 million people were eligible to vote for 138 seats in the federal legislature's Chamber of Citizens -- 108 from Serbia and 30 from Montenegro. A simple majority was required to win a seat. Under the constitution drafted by the ruling regimes, the 40-member Chamber of Republics is selected by the Serbian and Montenegrin assemblies, guaranteeing total communist domination of the house. More than 500 candidates from 11 parties in Serbia and 10 in Montenegro contested the elections. Other participating parties included ultra-nationalist Serbian organizations that maintain close links to Milosevic's regime and whose paramilitary wings have been accused by international human rights groups of committing widescale atrocities in the wars in Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina. The communist regime has exploited the power of television to maintain support for its policies among undereducated rural majorities. Milosevic's hardline Marxist wife, Mirjana Markovic, ran as a candidate. ``This election is a farce,'' a Western diplomat commented on the 12 hours of voting that began at 7 a.m. Zoran Djumic, a spokesman for the Election Commission of Serbia, said that as of late afternoon turnouts in the republic averaged only 38 percent. The Serbia-based Tanjug news agency said attendance in Montenegro ranged between 6 percent and 60 percent. ``It sounds like the boycott has been observed by much of the politically active population,'' said a Western diplomat. ``It also indicates that the majority of the Serbian population has given up in despair on politics and is passively waiting to see what what will happen in Serbia.'' Asked for his reaction to the sanctions after casting his ballot, Milosevic replied: ``This is the price we pay for supporting Serbs outside of Serbia.'' The Belgrade protest was called by Vuk Draskovic, the head of the Serbian Renewal Movement, the largest opposition party, to protest the elections and mourn the hundreds killed in Serbian bombardments of the Bosnia-Hercegovina capital of Sarajevo. Demonstrators shouting ``red bandits'' and demanding Milosevic's resignation marched up Belgrade's main street as others constructed a 1, 500-yard-long black mourning ribbon by linking rectangles of black paper. The procession stopped briefly in front of Milosevic's office and the headquarters of Belgrade television, the primary tool in the regime's propaganda arsenal. It dispersed peacefully. Draskovic's party and other leading opposition groups refused to participate in the eletions and urged voters not to cast ballots, citing communist control of the media, implementation of the constitution in Yugoslavia without public approval, and the lack of adequate time for campaigning. An organization formed by former bureaucrats and military officers of defunct Yugoslavia's erstwhile communist party also participated. The parliamentary elections were scheduled after Serbia and Montenegro forged their ``new'' Serb-dominated Yugoslavia on April 27 in a bid to inherit the international status and assets of the defunct six- republic Balkan federation. The rump Yugoslavia has not been recognized by any Western power or many other countries as the legitimate successor of its dissolved namesake. The United States called Saturday for the U.N. Security Council and General Assembly to deny Belgrade's claim to the seat of former Yugoslavia. The Serbian Orthodox Church, breaking almost 50 years of silent submission to communist authority, on Thursday issued a memorandum in which it condemned the Serbian and Montenegrin regimes and called for their replacement by a government of ``national unity and national salvation.''
novine.16 .bale.,
Subject: Yugoslav crisis spills into French Open Date: 1 Jun 92 06:31:18 GMT PARIS (UPI) -- When Monica Seles, 18, goes on the court, her single- minded concentration on tennis has helped propel her to her current status as the world's No. 1 woman's player. Yet the fighting in the the Balkans is nonetheless starting to catch up with the Yugoslav-born star. The London-based International Tennis Federation Committee of Management, following the lead of United Nations sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia Saturday, voted to ban that nation also from the men's Davis Cup, the women's Federation Cup and all world junior and veteran's competition. Yet that does not stop Seles from playing as an individual in the French Open, tournament officials said Sunday. Tournament director Patrice Clerc said tennis, unlike soccer or other team sports, is, with some exceptions, played by individuals, not nations. ``They in no way represent their country or nation,'' he said at a news conference. ``Until now, no request was made for us to stop a player from playing here, and I can't see how this kind of thing could happen.'' Seles was born in the Hungarian enclave of Novi Sad, in what is now Croatia, a former Yugoslav republic. She has lived in Florida since childhood, but her nationality is listed as Yugoslavia with tennis authorities. Seles, defending champion, advanced to the quarter finals Sunday by defeating Akiko Kijimuta 6-1, 3-6, 6-4. After her match, representatives from the Women's Tennis Association tried to prevent questions about the bloody fighting in what used to be Yugoslavia, but to no avail. ``I'm here to play a tournament; I don't want to talk about that (the war),'' Seles said. ``It's a very personal question. I follow what's happening in Yugoslavia like everybody.'' Seles said tennis provides a kind of therapeutic relief. ``When I go on the court, I can only concentrate on tennis,'' she said. ``I have lots of problems myself that you have no idea of. But when I play, I only think about the game.'' That's okay, international tennis officials say, as long as she doesn't represent Yugoslavia. No international tennis events are to be staged in Yugoslavia while the sanctions -- which, among things, ban sporting contacts -- remain in effect. Croatia's Goran Ivanisevic, the men's No. 8 seed, had been an outspoken supporter of his new republic's political course since it broke from Yugoslavia in 1991. He called the U.N. sanctions a ``great thing,'' adding, ``It is also good that they are not playing in the Euroepan soccer championships (next month in Sweden). ``You have to do this thing to them, because they are never going to stop,'' he said. ``I know that the sportsmen didn't do anything wrong. But Serbia is fighting, and they have to suffer for that.'' Added Ivanisevic: ``I'm representing Croatia; I don't know who she represents.'' The Seles question could prove problematic, since she refuses to take a Croatian passport, according to Ivanisevic. ``She is Hungarian, and she speaks that with her parents, because she lived on the border,'' he said. ``But I think that she is waiting to become USA, but there is no country that she can play for. Maybe she can play without a flag, but that's her problem.'' The U.N. Security Council voted Saturday to impose tough economic sanctions on the Yugoslav government in an attempt to promote peace in Bosnia-Hercegovina. Besides calling for a ban on cultural, scientific and technical ties with Yugoslavia, the resolution bars Serbia and Montenegro from taking part in international sports events. Clerc said the tournament received no pressure from the French Foreign Ministry about Seles. ``But because of the turmoil caused by this (U.N.) decision, we wanted to make our opinions known,'' he said. ``We have had no official request form anyone.'' The French Open is administered by the International Tennis Federation through the French Tennis Federation. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Sanctions against Serbia, Montenegro put into place Date: 1 Jun 92 17:19:11 GMT LONDON (UPI) -- Leading industrialized nations Monday put into force U.N. economic and diplomatic sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro to stop the fighting in Bosnia-Hercegovina. In line with U.N. Resoultion 757 which was approved Saturday, Britian expelled the Yugoslav ambassador. Svetozar Rikanovic was summoned to the Foreign Office in London and ``asked to return to Belgrade until his government complied with the terms of the U.N. resolution,'' a Foreign Office spokesman said. Rikanovic, who took up his post in September 1989, was given 14 days to leave, the spokesman said. The expulsion order came as the Treasury announced Serbian and Montenegrin assets were being frozen. In addition, flights to Belgrade were canceled, export licenses revoked, and letters sent to businesses advising them of the economic boycott. In 1991, British exports to Yugoslavia amounted to $338 million and imports $275 million. The Security Council approved the sanctions in order to stop Serb military aggression in Bosnia-Hercegovina. They prohibit all trade with Serbia and its ally Montenegro, a halt to investment, and the suspension of sports and cultural exchanges as well as the withdrawal of diplomats. In Tokyo, the Foreign Ministry Monday summoned Yugoslav Ambassador Ranko Radulovic and informed him that Japan would impose the sanctions. Japanese exports to Yugoslavia in 1991 consisted mainly of automobiles and household electric goods. Yugoslavia provided chemical materials and minerals to Japan. Total trade between the two countries amounted to about $148 million, ministry officials said, and represented about 0.9 percent of Yugoslavia's total foreign trading. In a Foreign Ministry statement, Japan called on ``especially Serbia to concentrate their utmost efforts on settling the present situation.'' In response the resolution, Germany froze banks accounts held by Serbians and Montenegrins. But bank accounts held by Serb and Montenegrin ``guest workers'' and pensioners in Germany, were not blocked and money transfers from such accounts to Yugoslavia were still allowed, the Economics Ministry said. Germany's central bank, the Bundesbank, said deposits from citizens of former Yugoslavia totaled $731 million, but could not provide a breakdown of the number of accounts held by ``guest workers'' and citizens of Serbia or Montenegro. Nearly 600,000 former Yugoslav citizens live in Germany, most of whom are ``guest workers.'' Australia Monday welcomed the U.N. resolution and said it was ``moving expeditiously to implement the decision.'' Prime Minister Paul Keating said the government would immediately suspend the twice-weekly service of the Yugsolav national airline JAT and ministers were working on the implementation of other sanctions. Keating said Australia had already reduced its diplomatic representation in Belgrade and cuts to the Yugoslav diplomatic and consular presence in Australia would be introduced. Political analysts said Australian trade sanctions against Belgrade would place more than $66.6 million worth of trade at risk. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Milosevic claims support in Serbia voting Date: 1 Jun 92 17:35:18 GMT BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- Communist President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia claimed Monday the republic's voters cast their ballots in favor of a new Yugoslavia but results will not be available until Wednesday. ``The elections were a response to foreign interference, to political forces which were against the united Serbia and Yugoslavia, but which suffered a political defeat,'' Milosevic said in an interview with Belgrade Radio. The voting Sunday was for the Parliament of the rump Yugoslavia he engineered between Serbia and its tiny ally, Montenegro, on April 27. Milosevic called for the ``unity of all patriotic forces'' and praised ``all those who went to the polls to give their ballots for Serbia and Yugoslavia, regardless of which party or individual they voted for.'' The U.N. Security Council on Saturday imposed the sweeping sanctions, including trade and oil embargoes on Serbia and Montenegro, in condemning the Milosevic regime for involvement in the war in Bosnia- Hercegovina. Bosnia-Hercegovina, along with another two former Yugoslav republics, Slovenia and Croatia, was admitted to the United Nations on May 22.`` ``We have not carried out aggression in Bosnia-Hercegovina,'' Milosevic reiterated in rejecting anew international charges that he was the chief architect of the Serbian offensive to rip a self-declared state out of the neighboring republic and merge it with rump Yugoslavia. ``There is a civil war in Bosnia-Hercegovina,'' he said. The so-called ``Serbian Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina'' has been declared on about 70 percent of the republic's territory, even though Bosnia-Hecegovina's 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs constitute only 31 percent of the population. Officials of the Montenegro Election Commission said the turnout in the republic amounted to 56.74 percent of 433,363 eligible voters. Zoran Djumic of the Serbian Election Commission reiterated his ``assessment'' that more than 60 percent of Serbia's 6.9 million eligible voters went to the polls. The elections were boycotted by Belgrade's major opposition parties and condemned by the Serbian Orthodox Church, in its first such move in 49 years of cooperation with the communist regime. At least 50,000 people marched through Belgrade's main streets Sunday to protest the elections and commemorate the victims of the war in Bosnia-Hercegovina.
novine.18 .bale.,
Subject: EC Council president denounces Yugoslav 'genocide' Date: 2 Jun 92 13:50:47 GMT By LEON MANGASARIAN BERLIN (UPI) -- The president of the European Community Council, Portugese Prime Minister Anibal Cavaco Silva, said Tuesday he would not rule out European support for military intervention in war-torn former Yugoslavia ``if the genocide continues.'' Speaking at a news conference after addresing the Federal Association of German Industry in Berlin, Silva said the 12-member European Community did not possess the necessary instruments to sanction military intervention and that such an initiative would have to come from the United Nations Security Council. Asked by reporters if he would support military intervention in former Yugoslavia if trade sanctions failed to work, Silva said: ``If the genocide continues, we cannot exclude that solution.'' On problems over the diplomatic recognition of the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, Silva said the only issue remaining was the name of the new state. Greece objects to the name ``Macedonia'' because Athens has a northern territory with the same name and fears an independent Macedonia might make territorial claims against Greece. ``It's a matter of the name, no more than the name, but so far we have not managed to get Greece and Macedonia to agree,'' Silva said adding, ``We have tried everything from Upper Macedonia to Lower Macedonia but there are limits to the imagination.'' Silva said in regard to European Community integration the creation of a community-wide market remained the absolute priority of his EC presidency, which lasts through the end of June before being rotated to Britain. He said any hesitation in ratifying the EC's Maastricht Treaty for economic, political and monetary union would ``have a very negative impact on Europe.'' Silva said Maastrict was the result of the acceleration of history in eastern Europe and the unification of Germany and that all European countries must be given equal chances to join the EC. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Islamic nations to discuss fighting in Bosnia-Hercegovina Date: 2 Jun 92 15:10:39 GMT CAIRO, Egypt (UPI) -- Egyptian Foreign Minister Amr Moussa said Tuesday the foreign ministers of Islamic countries would meet June 17-18 in Ankara, Turkey to discuss Serbian attacks in Bosnia-Hercegovina. The meeting of the foreign ministers of the member countries of the Saudi-based Organization of Islamic Countries, Moussa said, would ``discuss the Serbian aggression on the republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina, halting the bloodshed there and seeking to protect the people of that republic.'' The Egyptian minister said the meeting is scheduled for June 17-18 and that he received `` an urgent message '' from Mr. Hamed Ghabed the Secretary-General of OIC and another one from his Turkish counterpart about the arrangements for the parley. Moussa has criticized Serbian attacks on the predominantly Moslem republic that earlier this year broke away from the former Yugoslav federation. Egypt was one of the first countries to recall its ambassador to Belgrade almost immediately after the United Nations approved wide- ranging sanctions against Serbia for aggression in the war-ravaged republic. Meanwhile, a small group of Egyptian professionals gathered Tuesday afternoon in front of the Yugoslav embassy here to protest the killings and destruction in Bosnia-Hercegovina. Riot-control police did not interfere or try to disperse the crowd of doctors, engineers and scientists. Security authorities here usually invoke emergency laws, in force since late President Anwar Sadat was assassinated 11 years ago, to prevent crowds from staging rallies or demonstrations. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Serb guerrillas attack U.N.-escorted aid convoy Date: 2 Jun 92 17:48:02 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- Serbian guerrillas Tuesday attacked a U.N.-escorted convoy carrying food and medical supplies to tens of thousands of residents of a Sarajevo apartment block complex besieged for more than a month, a U.N. spokesman and witnesses said. A local aid worker was killed and a second was wounded, said Adnan Abdul Razak, the spokesman for the U.N. Protection Force (UNPROFOR) headquarters in the embattled Bosnia-Hercegovina capital. He and Dusko Tomic, an official of the Children's Embassy, the private relief group that organized the convoy, said Australian Army Col. John Wilson, the chief of the U.N. mission in the city, tried to retrieve the pair, but his armored vehicle was fired on and forced to retreat. The pair was eventually picked up by Serbian militamen, Razak said. ``The Serbs used automatic weapons and snipers. It was crazy,'' said Tomic, who survived the attack and whose report was confirmed by other witnesses quoted by Sarajevo radio. The incident came as Serbian Democratic Party gunners hit the city and at least three other towns with shellfire, and warjets of the Serb- dominated Yugoslav military staged a second day of bombing raids. The Serbian attacks underscored Serbian Democratic Party defiance of U.N. economic sanctions approved last weekend in a bid to force it to end its more than 2-month-old Yugoslav army-backed drive to seize a self-declared state and merge it to the neighboring rump Yugoslavia of Serbia and Montenegro. In a related development, Yugoslav army representatives announced an agreement with republic officials to complete a Yugoslav troop withdrawal from the city with the abandonment beginning Wednesday morning of the Marshal Tito Barracks, the last of four facilities to be vacated. Under the pact brokered by Wilson, 800 cadets, soldiers, officers and civilian dependents would be given safe passage out of the city in exchange for the surrender of artillery that the Yugoslav army confiscated two years ago from the republic's defense forces. Yugoslav army Gen. Dragoljub Simonovic acknowledged to reporters that some cannons had been deliberately damaged. Tomic and other witnesses said four U.N. armored vehicles were escorting a small van and large bus carrying food and medicines to western Sarajevo's sprawling Dobrinja apartment block complex, where an estimated 30,000 people have been cut off by a Serbian Democratic Party siege for just over a month. Serbian leaders lay claim to the complex in demanding the partition of Sarajevo into ethnic districts as part of their territorial offensive. Serbian machine gunners and snipers fired at the convoy as it approached a local health clinic in the Vojnicko Polje section of Dobrinja, witnesses said, adding that at least two of the U.N. armored cars were hit and the supply-bearing bus disabled. ``We made a mistake. We stopped,'' Tomic told United Press International, adding that he and other Children's Embassy staff then realized their error and fled in the van. ``We had to leave the bus there,'' he added. The two local workers who were hit were in the bus, Tonic said. ``It is horrible. Dobrinja is a concentration camp.'' The attack underscored the savagery of the conflict, and was the latest example of the Serbian Democratic Party's apparent attempt to strangle Sarajevo into submission through a denial of food and medicines. In previous incidents, Serbian guerrillas have hijacked trucks belonging to the U.N. High Commission for Refugees and private agencies, and stolen tons of humanitarian aid supplies despite repeated assurances from their leaders of safe passage for relief convoys. All international aid organizations have been forced to withdraw from Sarajevo. The problem has outraged Western governments, fueling consideration within the U.N. Security Council of authorizing armed U.N. military escorts for humanitarian aid shipments and international calls for Serbian gunmen and the Yugoslav army to relinquish control of Sarajevo airport for relief flights. The United Nations launched a new attempt Tuesday to obtain a Serbian agreement to open the facility to humanitarian relief deliveries. Shannon Boyd, a spokeswoman for UNPROFOR's Belgrade office, said the mission's chief public liason officer, Cedric Thornberry, was instructed to return to Sarajevo by U.N. Secretary General Boutros Ghali to help handle the negotiations. ``The secretary general has asked that a senior official from UNPROFOR go to join military officers in Sarajevo on opening the airport for humanitarian assistance,'' Boyd said. Thornberry left Sarajevo two weeks ago when the bulk of the UNPROFOR staff was ordered out for security reasons. The Bosnia-Hercegovina government, meanwhile, said that at least 23 people were killed and 121 others injured around the republic since Monday morning. The new U.N. effort to open the airport followed the collapse of a Monday evening cease-fire that U.N. officials brokered in an effort to promote negotiations on the facility, which the Sarajevo government wants placed under UNPROFOR control. Serbian leaders have insisted on maintaining their grip on the area around the airport, a demand the government rejected. The truce was shattered less than two hours after it began Monday by renewed Serbian shellfire of the city and street clashes in several neighborhoods between Serbian guerrillas and the predominantly Muslim Slav security forces, which also include Croats and Serbs. Artillery fire continued with short intervals into Tuesday afternoon, killing at least two people and injuring five others, officials said. Elsewhere, officials and news reports said, Serbian forces blasted the towns of Tuzla, Mostar and Capljina with shellfire. Yugoslav air force jets attacked Muslim Slav positions around Tuzla for a second straight day, officials said. Officials said Serbian fighters forced Muslim Slavs and Croats from their homes in Prijedor, in western Bosnia-Hercegovina, and Trnovo, just outside Sarajevo. More than 1.3 million refugees have been uprooted since the end of March, most of them Muslim Slavs and Croats terrorized into leaving areas claimed by the Serbs, who burn their homes to ensure they do not return, according to U.N. officials, Western diplomats and international aid workers. Western diplomats and international aid workers say there is evidence that Muslim Slavs and Croats have also pursued ``ethnic cleansing,'' but not on the same huge scale as the Serbs. Serbian Democratic Party leader Radovan Karadzic, who says there will be no peace until Bosnia-Hercegovina is partitioned into autonomous ethnic regions, has declared an ``independent'' state on 70 percent of the republic. The 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs comprise only 31 percent of the population. Karadzic's forces have persisted in their drive for land despite the imposition Saturday by the U.N. Security Council of stiff economic sanctions against the trunk Yugoslav federation engineered by communist President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia, internationally condemned as the chief architect of the offensive. The republic's 1.9 million Muslim Slavs and most of 750,000 Roman Catholic Croats advocate an independent Bosnia-Hercegovina. The bulk of the Serbs, convinced by propaganda and the region's bloody history that they are endangered by the Muslim Slavs and Croats, demand union with the Serb-dominated union of Serbia and Montenegro. Tens of thousands of people have been killed and injured since the Serbian drive began in advance of international recognition of Bosnia- Hercegovina in early April. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: About 200 kidney dialysis patients facing threat of death Date: 2 Jun 92 18:25:34 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- About 200 kidney dialysis patients face the threat of imminent death because Serbian guerrillas have refused to allow doctors to retrieve critical medicines from an encircled apartment complex in besieted Sarajevo, a hospital official said. ``In a day or two, dozens of our patients will begin to die if they do not get infusion liquid and other necessary medicines,'' said Dobrinka Gojic, the chief nurse in the kidney dialysis department at Sarajevo's Kosevo Hospital. She said that the lives of about 200 patients were at stake. Gojic said Serbian guerrillas have refused to allow doctors through their siege of the Dobrinja apartment complex to retrieve dialysis medicines from a warehouse in the western Sarajevo neighborhood. Serbian Democratic Party gunmen have been encircling Dobrinja for more than a month, refusing to allow the estimated 30,000 residents to leave or food and medicines to go in. The party has laid claim to the complex, parts of which were built to house athletes and journalists during the 1984 Olympic Games, as part of its demand for a partition of Sarajevo into ethnic districts as part of their Yugoslav army-backed drive to carve a self-declared state out of Bosnia-Hercegovina. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Rump Yugoslavia calls for peace in Bosnia as sanctions bite Date: 2 Jun 92 20:03:26 GMT BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- The new Yugoslav federation of Serbia and Montenegro, beset by international condemnation and U.N. economic sanctions, Tuesday directed Serbian forces in Bosnia-Hercegovina to immediately observe a cease-fire and halt the bombardments of Sarajevo and other towns. A statement issued after the four-member Yugoslav presidency met with communist President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and Montenegrin President Momir Bulatovic, also demanded that Serbian Democratic Party forces relinquish control of Sarajevo airport for humanitarian relief flights. ``The presidency will do everything in its power so that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia contributes to peace in Bosnia-Hercegovina,'' the statement said. It said the new, smaller Yugoslavia forged by Serbia and Montenegro on April 27 ``expects'' the international community to pressure predominantly Muslim Slav and Croatian security forces in Bosnia- Hercegovina to comply as well. The statement by the presidency, regarded by Western diplomats as an appendage of Milosevic's government, came as economic sanctions slapped on Serbia and Montenegro began to bite only two days after they were approved by the U.N. Security Council. The measures included total embargoes on oil sales and trade, the freezing of overseas Yugoslav assets and bans on sports and cultural ties. Federal authorities ordered an increase of almost 100 percent in the price of gasoline in an apparent effort to preserve supplies for the Yugoslav army and the agriculture sector, which must have fuel to harvest fields and transport food to marketplaces. Western diplomats said the rationing of fuel and basic foodstuffs also was being planned, as well as strict economic controls to curb galloping inflation, possibly including wage and price freezes. The sanctions were imposed in a bid to force Milosevic to rein in what Western governments have condemned as his proxy forces fighting to carve a self-declared Serbian state out of newly independent Bosnia- Hercegovina and merge it with the Serb-dominated rump Yugoslavia. Western diplomats have expressed extreme wariness over any peace- seeking promises by Milosevic or other Serbian leaders because they have a record of failing to undertake many of those they have made. They say Serbian authorities must demonstrate in concrete terms the seriousness of any pledges. The U.N. sanctions are certain to deepen already serious economic chaos that has enraged many residents of Serbia and Montenegro, and some analysts believe Milosevic faces a threat of serious political turmoil among the many Serbs who distain his policies and the carnage in Bosnia- Hercegovina. The U.N. Security Council said the sanctions would remain in place until Serbia and Montenegro take active measures to halt the conflict that has left thousands of dead and injured and driven more than 1.3 million people from their homes in just over two months. The presidency called on Serbian Democratic Party leaders to order their forces to immediately turn Sarajevo airport over to U.N. control so that flights can deliver humanitarian relief that is desperately needed because of a Serbian blockade that has left the capital with little food or medicine. It also demanded that they guarantee safe passage into the republic of humanitarian relief convoys, which U.N. and private relief agencies halted after Serbian guerrilla hijackings of supply trucks. The presidency's other demands included observance by the Serbian Democratic Party of an immediate cease-fire to be monitored by U.N. officials and the cessation of Serbian guerrilla and Yugoslav army barrages of Sarajevo and other towns ``on the territory which they control.'' It also called on all sides to halt ``ethnic cleansing'' operations aimed at altering the republic's ethnic makeup by driving people from their homes. While saying that Muslim Slav and Croatian fighters are guilty of such practices, Western diplomats, U.N. officials and aid agency workers charge that they do not compare to the massive terror campaign that Serbian forces have employed to create ``pure'' Serbian areas. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: U.N. issues conflicting reports on talks to reopen Sarajevo airport Date: 2 Jun 92 18:47:38 GMT UNITED NATIONS (UPI) -- Efforts by a U.N. official to hold talks with Serbian leaders about possibly reopening the Sarajevo airport in Bosnia- Hercegovina to humanitarian aid flights collapsed Tuesday when a U.N. convoy was attacked, a spokesman said. Francois Giuliani said the convoy was fired upon at a village near the Sarajevo airport and one truck driver was critically wounded. But a U.N. official in Sarajevo said the talks were only postponed and would resume Wednesday with the participation of Cedric Thornberry, the public liaison officer of the U.N. Protection Force in Yugoslavia. The official in Sarajevo said the session was postponed because Thornberry, who was scheduled to meet with Bosnia-Hercegovina's leadership Tuesday afternoon, was delayed for two hours in arriving at the airport and was not in the convoy that was attacked. Thornberry was asked by Secretary-General Boutros Ghali to try to negotiate for the use of the airport for U.N. humanitarian relief flights. But in New York, Guiliani said, ``Attempts to start the talks broke down.'' He said his information came by telephone from U.N. officials in Sarajevo. He said another reason the talks could not take place was that the cease-fire agreed to by the parties in the conflict in Bosnia- Hercegovina was violated less than two hours after it went into effect on Monday. Giuliani said the truck convoy that came under attack was carrying food to Muslims in the village. The assault forced the convoy to withdraw. The Sarajevo airport, under the military control of the Serb- dominated Yugoslav army and Serbian Democratic Party, was closed to international flights, preventing the flow of much needed food and medicine for the civilians caught in the fighting.
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Subject: Yugoslav army to complete withdrawl from Sarejevo Date: 3 Jun 92 05:13:13 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- The Yugoslav army was to complete its withdrawal Wednesday from the capital, with 800 cadets, officers and civilian dependents set to move out of a barracks ringed by Bosnian defense forces. The evacuation from the Marshal Tito Barracks, organized in an agreement brokered by Australian Army Col. John Wilson -- the chief of the U.N. mission in the city -- will represent the last of four facilities to be vacated. Yet all agreements and negotiations, between the government on one side and Serbian guerrillas and the Yugoslav army on the other, came under new strain Tuesday when Serbian guerrillas attacked a U.N.- escorted convoy carrying food and medical supplies to tens of thousands of residents of a Sarajevo apartment block complex besieged for more than a month, a U.N. spokesman and witnesses said. One person was killed in that clash. The ambush disrupted United Nations sponsored negotiations, which have been aimed at arranging a viable truce that will enable relief supplies to flow into Bosnia-Hercegovina, especially the capital, which is ringed by Serb guerrillas. Though the Yugoslav army is considered an ally of the Serb forces, it is leaving its exposed barracks in the capital. Under the withdrawal pact, the troops are to be given safe passage out of the city in exchange for the surrender of artillery that the Yugoslav army confiscated two years ago from the republic's defense forces. Yet not all the artillery is in working order. Yugoslav army Gen. Dragoljub Simonovic acknowledged to reporters that some cannons had been deliberately damaged. In Tuesday's ambush, a local aid worker was killed and a second was wounded, said Adnan Abdul Razak, the spokesman for the U.N. Protection Force headquarters in Sarajevo. He and said he and his men tried to retrieve the two persons hit by gunfire, but their armored vehicle was fired on and forced to retreat. The two casualties were was eventually picked up by Serbian militamen, Razak said. ``The Serbs used automatic weapons and snipers,'' said Dusko Tomic, an official of the Children's Embassy, the private relief group that organized the convoy. ``It was crazy.'' In other fighting Tuesday, Serbian Democratic Party gunners hit the capital and at least three other towns with shellfire, and warjets of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav military staged a second day of bombing raids. The attacks defied U.N. economic sanctions, approved last Saturday, that were aimed at forcing the Serbian guerrillas to end their more than two-month-old drive to seize a self-declared state and merge it with neighboring Yugoslavia, which is now reduced to two states, Serbia and the much smaller Montenegro. Giving details of the attack on the relief convoy, Tomic and other witnesses said the column consisted of four U.N. escort vehicles and a small van and a large bus carrying food and medicine to western Sarajevo's sprawling Dobrinja apartment block complex, where an estimated 30,000 people have been cut off by Serbian gunmen for over a month. Serbian leaders lay claim to the complex in demanding the partition of Sarajevo into ethnic districts as part of their territorial offensive. Serbian machine gunners and snipers fired at the convoy as it approached a local health clinic in the Vojnicko Polje section of Dobrinja, hitting one of the U.N. armored cars and disabling the supply bus. ``We made a mistake. We stopped,'' Tomic told United Press International. He said he and other Children's Embassy staff retreated in the van, leaving behind the bus and the two relief workers inside who had been hit. ``It is horrible,'' Tomic said. ``Dobrinja is a concentration camp.'' The attack underscored the savagery of the conflict, and it was the latest example of the Serbian Democratic Party's apparent attempt to strangle Sarajevo into submission through a denial of food and medicines. In previous incidents, Serbian guerrillas have hijacked trucks belonging to the U.N. High Commission for Refugees and private agencies, and they stolen tons of humanitarian aid supplies despite repeated assurances from their leaders of safe passage for relief convoys. All international aid organizations have been forced to withdraw from Sarajevo. The problem has outraged Western governments, fueling consideration within the U.N. Security Council of authorizing armed U.N. military escorts for humanitarian aid shipments and international calls for Serbian gunmen and the Yugoslav army to relinquish control of Sarajevo airport for relief flights. The United Nations launched a new attempt Tuesday to obtain a Serbian agreement to open the facility to humanitarian relief deliveries. Shannon Boyd, a spokeswoman for U.N. Protection Force's Belgrade office, said the mission's chief public liason officer, Cedric Thornberry, was instructed to return to Sarajevo by U.N. Secretary General Boutros Ghali to help handle the negotiations on opening the airport. Thornberry left Sarajevo two weeks ago when the bulk of the U.N. Protection Force staff was ordered out for security reasons. The latest of a series of unsuccessful U.N.-brokered cease-fires collapsed Monday with a Serbian bombardment of the capital that killed 23 persons and wounded 121 others, according to the Bosnia-Hercegovina government. The United Nations is concentrating negotiations on opening the airport to ship in relief supplies. Serbian leaders have insisted on maintaining their grip on the area around the airport, a demand the government rejects. Elsewhere, officials and news reports said, Serbian forces blasted the towns of Tuzla, Mostar and Capljina with shellfire. Yugoslav air force jets attacked Muslim Slav positions around Tuzla for a second straight day, officials said. Officials said Serbian fighters forced Muslim Slavs and Croats from their homes in Prijedor, in western Bosnia-Hercegovina, and Trnovo, just outside Sarajevo. More than 1.3 million refugees have been uprooted since the end of March, most of them Muslim Slavs and Croats terrorized into leaving areas claimed by the Serbs, who burn their homes to ensure they do not return, according to U.N. officials, Western diplomats and international aid workers. Western diplomats and international aid workers say there is evidence that Muslim Slavs and Croats have also pursued ``ethnic cleansing,'' but not on the same huge scale as the Serbs. Serbian Democratic Party leader Radovan Karadzic, who says there will be no peace until Bosnia-Hercegovina is partitioned into autonomous ethnic regions, has declared an ``independent'' state on 70 percent of the republic. The 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs comprise only 31 percent of the population. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Attacks claim new civilian lives in Sarajevo Date: 3 Jun 92 14:03:54 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- Serb guerrilla attacks Wednesday killed at least four people, including a 3-year-old girl and an X-ray technician riding in one of three buses hit by machine-gun fire as they carried hospital staffers to work in Sarajevo, officials and news reports said. The new civilian casualties of the Serbian siege of the Bosnia- Hercegovina capital came amid ongoing talks on completing a withdrawal of the Yugoslav army from the city and the reopening its airport to international humanitarian aid flights. ``We are going to take all possible steps to find an agreement for the opening of the airport for humanitarian supplies,'' said Cedric Thornberry, chief public liason officer for the U.N. Protection Force (UNPROFOR), after talks with the republic's Muslim Slav vice president, Ejup Ganic. ``But it is much to early to say whether that is a real imminent possibility,'' said Thornberry, who was sent to Sarajevo by U.N. Secretary General Boutros Ghali to help broker an accord on the airport. Thornberry was to meet later in the day with Maj. Gen. Ratko Mladic, the Yugoslav army general who was appointed to direct the brutal two- month-old Serbian Democratic Party offensive to seize a self-declared state and merge it with the new, truncated Yugoslavia formed by communist-ruled Serbia and Montenegro. Ghali and Western governments have called for the reopening of the airport to allow for the delivery of desperately needed humanitarian aid for hundreds of thousands of Sarajevo residents facing starvation because of the refusal by Mladic and other Serbian leaders to lift a blockade of the city. ``The humanitarian aid needs are very great indeed,'' said Thornberry. The official Bosnia-Hercegovina Press agency said that Ganic called for the creation of a 6-square-mile demilitarized zone around the airport and 15-mile-long humanitarian aid delivery corridors to Kisiljak and Trnovo that would be protected by 1,000 French troops under U.N. auspices. Officials said that special French envoy Jacques Blot offered during talks last week to expand the French contribution to UNPROFOR, which is primarily involved with the U.N. peacekeeping operation in neighboring Croatia, to provide security for U.N. humanitarian aid operations. The republic's Muslim Slav president, Alija Izetbegovic, has called for the airport and its environs to be turned over to the control of UNPROFOR, and he has rejected Serbian Democratic Party insistence that it be allowed to retain its grip on the area surrounding the facility. There was no word, meanwhile, on progress in implementing an accord for a Yugoslav army pullout from Marshal Tito Barracks, the only one of four bases the Serb-dominated military has failed to vacate because of Serbian guerrilla opposition to its agreement to return weapons confiscated from the republic's defense forces in exchange for safe passage. The facility was to have been vacated Wednesday, but was delayed for further talks at the UNPROFOR headquarters between Yugoslav army and Bosnia-Hercegovina defense officials. Serbian hilltop gunners, meanwhile, fired intermittent mortar and artillery rounds into the city throughout the day amid sporadic clashes with security forces, which are dominanted by Muslim Slavs, but also include Croats and Serbs. Sarajevo police officials said a shell smashed into an apartment in suburban Kosevsko Brdo, killing three people, including a 3-year-old girl, and wounding three others. Serb guerrillas also loosed machine-gun fire at five buses carrying hospital staffers to work in the central Marijin Dvor area. Bullets sliced into three of the vehicles, killing an X-ray technician and wounding three other workers, police said. The incident came a day after a Serbian attack on a U.N.-escorted convoy bearing food and medicines to the Dobrinja apartment complex, where tens of thousands of people have been encircled for more than a month. One person was killed in the incident. The Kosevo Medical Center, meanwhile, appealed to Sarajevo residents to donate spare pyjamas and underwear for some 150 patients who had been forced by Serbian guerrillas out of a mental institution in the suburban Jagomir area. The patients were forced to walk nearly a mile to the Kosevo Hospital, doctors said. Bosnia-Hercegovina government officials said their defense units were engaged in fighting Serbian guerrillas in a number of towns across the republic, including Gorazde, Prijedor, Maglaj and Tuzla. At least 5,700 people have been killed, 21,000 injured and more than 1.3 million forced to leave their homes in the past two months. Bosnia-Hercegovina, which comprises 1.9 million Muslim Slavs, 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs and 750,000 Roman Catholic Croats, seceded from the now defunct six-republic Yugoslav federation, and was admitted to the United Nations on May 22. Most Serbs opposed the republic's independence, demanding the right to join the Serb-dominated rump Yugoslavia. Serbian leaders have claimed 70 percent of Bosnia-Hercegovina for their self-declared state. The Serbian land-grab has continued despite the imposition by the U. N. Security Council last weekend of sweeping economic sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro. Western government regard communist President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia as the main architect of the offensive in Bosnia-Hercegovina. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Premier says Greece violated U.N. sanctions 'by accident' Date: 3 Jun 92 16:39:26 GMT ATHENS, Greece (UPI) -- Greek Prime Minister Constantine Mitsotakis admitted Wednesday that his customs officials violated U.N. sanctions against Serbia, but said they did so by accident, and the embargo would henceforth be strictly enforced. The premier was commenting on reports that 55 trucks, including 40 Serbian vehicles, were permitted to pass through a Greek customs checkpoint en route to Serbia. The trucks reportedly were carrying fuel loaded earlier in Thessaloniki, a northern Greek port. Macedonian customs officials stopped the oil tanker-trucks in the no man's land between Greece and the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia. Greece does not have a common border with Serbia. Mistotakis admitted that Greek customs officials had allowed the trucks through, thus a violating the U.N. sanctions. ``It was an accident, which we corrected immediately,'' the premier said. The sanctions were imposed on Serbia and Montenegro in a bid to stop Serbian attacks on Croats and Muslims in Bosnia-Hercegovina. Mitsotakis said he personally looked into the matter and found an ``inexcusable delay'' in communications between the Foreign Ministry and the Finance Ministry had occurred. As a result, customs authorities were not officially informed of the embargo, he said. Because of this, a number of trucks heading for Serbia did manage to get through a Greek border checkpoint and were stopped by the Macedonians, he said. Greece has refused to recognize Macedonia as an independent state, and Greek officials refers to the state as the ``republic of Skopje,'' after its capital city. First reports of the violation came from the Macedonians. Mitsotakis told reporters it was immaterial whether or not Athens agreed with the U.N. sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro because Greece was going along with the rest of the European Community to enforce the embargo. ``Our decision is to proceed with Europe, and we will proceed until the end,'' he said. Greek officials said instructions have since been delivered in writing to the border authorities, and inspections of trucks were stepped up. Trucks carrying oil and other goods to Serbia were now being stopped, the officials said. However, food and medicines intended for Serbia would be allowed through the border, they said. In Thessaloniki, port officials said they had halted the loading and unloading of cargo meant for or coming from Serbia and Montenegro. Until the sanctions were imposed, oil for Serbia was imported through Thessaloniki. Officials said Greece was expecting to suffer losses totaling $1.1 billion because of the sanctions against Serbia, and Athens would seek compensation from the European Community.
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Subject: U.S. says Yugoslav relief effort thwarted by Milosevic Date: 3 Jun 92 20:51:56 GMT WASHINGTON (UPI) -- As troops controlled by Belgrade shoot up humanitarian convoys bound for starving and sick Yugoslavians, the administration said Monday it won't to consider airlifts until authorities open the Sarajevo airport. The United Nations, the United States and the European Community in discussions with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and in international declarations have demanded that the intransigent leader open the airport for humanitarian flights. But the Serbian president says he is not always able to control his troops at the Sarajevo airport and throughout Bosnia-Hercegovina, a statement the administration vociferously challenges. ``The reality on the ground in Bosnia is that this is an independent state that is being ravaged by Serbian armed forces, both army units and irregulars, which were unleashed by Belgrade, which are inspired, equipped, and continue to be supported by Belgrade.'' Boucher said. ``The airport has been opened to selected flights when they wanted to make it possible.'' Boucher said Belgrade opened the airport for recent visits by U.N. Special Envoy Cyrus Vance and for Russian Foreign Minister Andrey Kozyrev ``Actions speak louder than words,'' Boucher said. Many administration officials speaking under conditions of anonymity said the United States will not airdrop the relief supplies, as the Defense Department did for Kurds trapped on Iraq's border with Turkey following Operation Desert Storm, for fear it would ``fall into the wrong hands'' and never reach the starving populace. Nevertheless, one of the last Americans at the U.S. Embassy in Belgrade is an Air Force colonel who will make preparations for the arrival of humanitarian flights or airdrops of relief supplies should Milosevic give the green light, State Department spokeswoman Margaret Tutwiler said Monday. She said that was his sole reason for remaining in Belgrade. ``The airport can be opened if the right decisions are made by the Serbian leadership,'' Boucher said. Senseless attacks carried out by Belgrade's troops on relief convoys attempting to pierce the war zone compound the international community's frustration as Serbian soldiers herd ethnic minorities into compounds reminiscent of concentration camps in Nazi Germany, shell maternity hospitals and shoot children. Examples abound of Serbian brutality in stopping humanitarian convoys. Serbian-controlled troops descended on a convoy headed for a suburb of Sarajevo that has been cut off for 40 days and stole 5 tons of food then unleashed anti-tank rockets at ambulances attempting to reach the site. In a separate incident, Boucher said, an ambulance driver and a 3- year-old girl died Wednesday when Milosevic's soldiers unleashed machine gun fire on their vehicle. Bosnia-Hercegovina, a former republic of Yugoslavia, has been under siege for several months from Yugoslav army troops and paramilitary forces attempting to annex the nascent country as a province of Serbia. More than 1,500 people have been killed, 8,000 wounded and 1 million left homeless. The United Nations over the weekend voted to impose stiff economic sanctions on the renegade Belgrade regime, including an embargo on trade and a freeze on all overseas Yugoslav cash. It is premature to measure the effect economic penalties will have on Milosevic and his nationalistic aspirations, Boucher said, but panic buying and food rationing are the only visible impact so far. ``We think it's far too early still to make a useful judgment on their effects so far,'' Boucher said. ``We hope, of course, that the U. N. sanctions will achieve their intention, and that is to bring home to the Serbian regime the costs of its aggression.'' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Yugoslav athletes plea to drop sports sanctions Date: 3 Jun 92 17:55:41 GMT BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- Yugoslav athletes and sports officials Wednesday condemned the U.N.-imposed ban on their participation in international competition and called on world sports authorities to lobby for the lifting of the measure. ``We believe that sports is independent and autonomous, and that it is wrong, immoral and unjust to use it as a means of political pressure, '' said an appeal issued by Yugoslav athletes and sports federations. The appeal was sent to the International Olympic Committee, international sports federations and the ``athletes of the world.'' It was released at a news conference held by the Council for Physical Culture of Yugoslavia, the umbrella organization for official sports organizations, following sweeping sanctions imposed by the U.N. Security Council last weekend against the new federation of Serbia and Montenegro. The Serb-dominated, communist-ruled union was condemned as the chief architect of the two-month Serbian guerrilla offensive to rip a self- declared state out of newly independent Bosnia-Hercegovina. The U.N. sanctions included a ban on Yugoslav participation in international sports events. ``We thought that sanctions on sports were out of the question,'' said Bogdan Sunderic, the president of the Council for Physical Culture. In their appeal, Yugoslav sports officials and athletes said the U.N. sports ban ``brought into question the purity, independence and autonomy of sports, which is losing its universality and ethical values.'' ``It has become an instrument and means in waging international policy and achieving certain political goals,'' the appeal said. ``In the name of sports, its autonomy and freedom, in the name of preserving its basic values, we appeal to you to do everything in your power to exclude the sanctions on sports as soon as possible,'' the statement continued. Wednesday's appeal coincided with an announcement from the IOC saying it had set a June 15 deadline for deciding whether to withdraw Yugoslavia's invitation to compete at next month's Barcelona Olympics. ``We will probably convene a meeting of the IOC executive board next week. We will make a decision by June 15,'' said IOC director of information Michele Verdier. Since the U.N. decision, Yugoslavia has been suspended until further notice by FIFA, soccer's world governing body, and expelled by UEFA from the European soccer championship finals starting in Sweden next week. The International Tennis Federation has also banned Yugoslavia from all team competitions.
novine.21 bocko,
Da li neko zna zasto se danas "BORBA" nije pojavila na kioscima Novog Sada? (Mozda nije ni drugde, ali necu da uznemiravam javnost :> ). pozdra│v, Bocko
novine.22 .bale.,
Subject: U.N. official: Sarajevo residents face starvation Date: 4 Jun 92 11:31:11 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- A U.N. official warned Thursday that ``starvation is coming closer'' for hundreds of thousands in the shell-shattered Bosnia-Hercegovina capital of Sarajevo trapped by a Serbian guerrilla stranglehold. Serb forces renewed attacks on a Sarajevo apartment complex with fierce artillery and tank fire before dawn and fought overnight street clashes in the city and the northeastern town of Tuzla with predominantly Muslim Slav security forces, Sarajevo Radio and residents said. There were no immediate reports of casualties in the latest carnage of the more than two-month-long conflict triggered by a Yugoslav army- backed Serbian Democratic Party offensive to seize a self-declared state in Europe's newest country. ``Starvation is coming closer here, and I hope the parties fully realize how serious the situation is,'' said Cedric Thornberry, head of civil affairs for the U.N. Protection Force (UNPROFOR). ``There are increasing numbers of people who are desperate.'' Thornberry, who was sent to Sarajevo by U.N. Secretary General Boutros Ghali, confirmed in an interview with United Press International reports by residents that large sections of the population are on the verge of exhausting their meager food supplies. Serb guerillas leaders have refused to allow food and medicines through their encirclement of the city, where an estimated 400,000 of the 560,000 residents have been trapped under near daily bombardments for more than a month. Thornberry said he was to hold a second round of negotiations later in the day with Serbian Democratic Party President Radovan Karadzic and Yugoslav army Col. Gen. Ratko Mladic, who was appointed last month as commander of the ``army'' of the self-declared Serbian state. Thornberry met with representatives of the seven-member republic presidency -- comprising Muslim Slavs, Croats and moderate Serbs -- on the second day of an attempt to broker an agreement on reopening of the Serb-held Sarajevo airport to humanitarian aid flights. Serb leaders want to merge their unrecognized state to the Serb- dominated rump Yugoslavia of Serbia and Montenegro, which have taken no apparent concrete steps to rein in what Western governments regard as their proxy forces despite the imposition last weekend of sweeping U.N. economic sanctions on the two communist-ruled republics last weekend. President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia, regarded by Western nations as the main mastermind behind the attempt to create what critics call ``Great Serbia,'' offered in a British television interview to resign if that would end the sanctions. He qualified his offer by saying that the matter was not that simple, acknowledging in Wednesday's ITV interview that the U.N. Security Council was not demanding his resignation as the price of lifting sanctions. But Western diplomatic sources said the Serbian leaders had shown no willingness to abandon their insistence that their forces retain control of the area around the facility. The government has called on Serbian forces to immediately relinquish their grip on the airport and a 6-mile-wide area around the facility, which it wants declared a demilitarized zone and placed under the protection of UNPROFOR troops. U.N.-brokered efforts were also underway to arrange the completion of a withdrawal from Sarajevo by the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army with a pullout by some 800 cadets, soldiers and civilian dependents from Marshal Tito Barracks, which is beseiged by an estimated 5,000 members of the security forces. Parents of cadets met separately with U.N. officials and Yugoslav army commanders, officials said. The Yugoslav army has failed to fulfill a May 22 accord to abandon the base, the last of four it is still occupying, because of fierce objections by its Serbian Democratic Party allies to the return to the outgunned security forces of heavy artillery confiscated two years ago. News reports and residents reported fierce overnight fighting between Serbian guerrillas and security forces in the northern Sarajevo suburb of Kosovo and near Sarajevo airport. The clashes ended just before dawn. Residents of the western Dobrinja apartment block complex said parts of the sprawling settlement were blasted by Serbian tank and artillery fire until about 3 a.m.. ``It was really heavy,'' said one resident contacted by telephone. ``We were all in the basement and our building was shaking.'' An estimated 30,000 people -- Muslim Slavs, Croats and Serbs -- have been encircled for just over a month inside the complex by Serbian guerrillas. A Serb attack on U.N.-escorted humanitarian relief convoy Tuesday left at least one person dead and prevented the delivery of aid, including baby food. Mario Susko, a Sarajevo University professor, said in a telephone interview that he and several other men swept through vacant apartments in their block in an effort to supplement their depleting food supplies. ``We have gone through the building because five apartments are empty. Then we put our resources together. There are 12 of us and we have food until Sunday and then it is finished,'' Susko said. ``We are not sure what we will do then,'' he said. Dobrinja is just one of about a half dozen residential complexes that have been blockaded by Serbian forces, whose leaders have claimed the areas in demanding the partition of Sarajevo into ethnic districts. Karadzic, widely regarded as a pawn of Milosevic, has claimed 70 percent of Bosnia-Hercegovina, even though Serbs comprise only 31 percent of the 4.3 million population. Serbian forces control more than half of the republic. They launched their land-grab in the runup to international recognition in early April of the independence of Bosnia-Hercegovina, which is comprised of 1.9 million Slavic Muslims, 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs and 750,000 Roman Catholic Croats. Muslim Slavs, most Croats and some Serbs supported independence, vehemently opposed to their inclusion in a Yugoslavia ruled by Milosevic, whose human rights record is regarded by Western nations and international human rights groups as the worst in Europe. Most Serbs, however, demand the right to join the Serbia-Montenegro union. Incomplete estimates have placed casualties at almost 6,000 dead and more than 22,000 injured. More than 1.2 million people have been forced to flee their homes. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Communists sweep Yugoslav polls; ultra-nationalists second Date: 4 Jun 92 17:10:29 GMT BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- The communist rulers of Serbia and Montenegro won a two-thirds majority in parliamentary elections for the new, truncated Yugoslavia, with second place taken by ultra-nationalists backing the conquest of Serb areas of Bosnia-Hercegovina and Croatia, results showed Thursday. Serbia's most prominent opposition leader charged the elections were rigged, saying the republic's main democratic opposition coalition hoped to call peaceful protests in Belgrade before the end of the month in a bid to drive the communists from power. ``The elections were staged, non-democratic, one-party and falsified, '' Vuk Draskovic, the head of the Serbian Renewal Movement, told a news conference. Western observers and Serbian Orthodox Church officials also denounced the elections. The results consolidate the grip on the Serbia-Montenegro union by its architect, President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia, as he confronts growing outrage among many Serbs over economic chaos deepened by U.N. sanctions, and the bloody Serbian territorial offensive in Bosnia- Hercegovina. The elections were held only hours after the U.N. Security Council slapped sweeping sanctions on Serbia and Montenegro for the Yugolav army-backed offensive that has claimed an estimated 5,600 lives and left more than 22,000 people injured since the end of March. Political analysts expressed fears of a hardening in Milosevic's policies in response to the international measures, the looming opposition challenge and the influence of the ultra-nationalist Serbian Radical Party, which won the second largest share of seats. ``It is very scary,'' said a Western diplomat. ``If anyone is going to have any influence on the regime, it's going to be the radical right. '' Analysts noted that the results were expected as last Sunday's elections were boycotted by the mainstream opposition, rejected by the Serbian Orthodox Church and condemned as undemocratic by the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. In releasing the results of the races for the federal Parliament's 138-seat Chamber of Citizens, Yugoslav Election Commission Chairman said 56.6 percent of Serbia's 6.5 million voters cast ballots. Draskovic charged the turnout was only 25 percent. Montenegrin officials previously announced a turnout in their republic of 57.4 percent of the 430,000 voters. Nisavic, who offered no explanation for the five-day delay in the release of election results, said Milosevic's Socialist Party of Serbia and its Montenegrin appendage, the Democratic Party of Socialists, combined to win 96 seats: 73 to the former and 23 to the latter. They were followed by 33 seats for the Serbian Radical Party, two for a party of ethnic Hungarians in Serbia's nominally autonomous province of Vojvodina, two for the League of Communists-Movement for Yugoslavia -- formed by former hardline Marxist bureaucrats and army officers -- and three to independents. Re-polling was called in two contests. The Parliament also consists of a 40-member Chamber of Republics, whose members are selected by the Serbian and Montenegrin assemblies, guaranteeing total communist control of the Parliament and government of rump Yugoslavia that it is expected to chose later this month. The truncated Yugoslavia was declared on April 27 by Serbia and Montenegro in an attempt to inherit the international status and assets of the defunct six-republic Balkan federation founded after World War II. Western powers and many other countries have withheld recognition of the union, which is threatened with the loss of its U.N. seat. Although the polls made the Serbian Radical Party the largest opposition group, many political analysts and Western diplomats regard it as a creation and ally of Milosevic's regime. Its leader is Vojislav Seselj, a self-declared Serbian ``duke,'' who calls for the conquest of a ``Great Serbia'' comprising large swaths of Bosnia-Hercegovina and Croatia already captured by minority Serbian guerrillas with military support of the Yugoslav army and political and financial backing from Milosevic's regime. Seselj once urged Serbs to conserve ammunition by ``slitting the throats and gouging the eyes of Croats with rusty shoehorns.'' He has also called for the forced deportation of ethnic Albanians and Croats from Serbia. Milosevic, in a recent magazine interview, called Seselj his favorite opposition politician, saying: ``He is an honorable man.'' Seselj's paramilitary wing, the Serbian Chetnik Movement, named after pro-monarchy Serbian guerrillas of World War II, has participated in fighting in both Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina. It was accused earlier this year by the New York-based Helsinki Watch human rights organization of widespread abuses and atrocities against civilians in Croatia. During the runup to the elections, Milosevic held out the possibility of forming a coalition with Seselj's party. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: NATO accepts peacekeeping role in principle Date: 4 Jun 92 22:06:10 GMT OSLO, Norway (UPI) -- NATO broke a decades-long tradition Thursday, agreeing in principle to allow alliance troops to be used as peacekeepers outside the territory of member countries. But officials said there were no immediate plans for the use of North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces in ongoing conflicts in former Yugoslavia or the embattled Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. ``We have accepted the principle of giving peace-keeping support to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe if it asks for it,'' Secretary-General Manfred Woerner told reporters after the meeting of NATO foreign ministers. The 52-member CSCE includes the 16 NATO members, but has no force of its own which can be used in peace-keeping efforts in member states. ``We hope that this is an incentive for the CSCE summit next month, to show them that we support them and to bolster the (CSCE) process,'' Woerner said. But in the same breath he added that NATO involvement in peacekeeping would require ``a unanimous request from the 52 members of the CSCE, and unanimous agreement from the 16 members of the Atlantic alliance.'' Asked if NATO was prepared to send troops on a peacekeeping mission to former Yugoslavia or other European conflicts, Woerner said: ``There has been no request. We have taken a political decision of principle here in Oslo.'' In Washington, Deputy Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger urged NATO foreign ministers to authorize the use of troops to implement a U. N. resolution that calls for the safe passage of relief convoys through Bosnia-Hercegovina and the opening of the airport at Sarajevo. ``In the case of the former Yugoslavia, NATO should stand ready to support implementation of U.N. Security Council Resolution 757 as appropriate, and in coordination with other international organizations, '' Eagleburger said. Despite U.S. pressure for the alliance to lend military assistance to a United Nations embargo on the new, smaller Yugoslav federation of Serbia and Montenegro, NATO shied away from raising the issue of naval or other military deployment. But a strongly worded statement said: ``We strongly condemn the continuing resort to force and mounting loss of life in the territory of the former Yugoslavia,'' and went on to lend ``full support'' to U.N. sanctions imposed last week. ``All parties to the conflict (in Bosnia-Hercegovina) have contributed in their own way to the present state of affairs, but the main responsibility falls on the authorities of Serbia and Montenegro,'' the statement said. ``The pattern of clear, gross and uncorrected violations of CSCE commitments by the authorities in Belgrade and by the Yugoslav National Army is now firmly established,'' it said. NATO officials said that under Thursday's decision, peacekeeping troops would not be made available to the CSCE automatically. ``We will look at it on a case-by-case basis and decide then,'' Woerner added, saying that NATO was not, nor would become, the extended arm of the CSCE. NATO ministers also discussed several other difficult issues facing the alliance as it travels the road of defining a new European role. Woerner said Germany and France had given NATO a commitment that a recently formed Franco-German force of 30,000 men, designed to be the core of a new Euro-army was not independent of NATO, but could be called upon by the alliance if necessary. ``There are still proceedures and other issues that have to be cleared up before this problem is solved,'' Woerner said, but he added that ministers had been reassured by French and German leaders. Similarly, relations with the nine-nation Western European Union were the topic of debate. The nine EC members gathered in the WEU have been pressing for a more prominent role for their organization. ``There is coordination with NATO,'' Woerner said. The ministers also issued a statement on the continuing bloodshed in Nagorno-Karabakh, and ethnic Armenian enclave administered by Azerbaijan. ``A lasting solution to the conflict can only be achieved through negotiations in good faith based on respect for international law,'' the ministers said. They went on to appeal to all parties to ``seize the opportunity to end the fighting,'' and to create conditions in which displaced persons can return to their homes. As the NATO ministers met, representatives of the Commonwealth of Independent States countries and countries of the former Warsaw Pact began arriving in Oslo to prepare for a meeting Friday of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council. That meeting was to end with a signing ceremony of the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty which sets new and reduced levels of tanks, troops and artillery in Europe. Although signed by the Warsaw Pact and NATO in 1990, the treaty has not yet been implemented to due confusion surrounding the demise of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Clashes continue as Yugoslav army withdraws some forces from Sarajevo Date: 5 Jun 92 15:13:26 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- The Yugoslav army Friday withdrew about 800 cadets, troops and civilians from Sarajevo, but left behind some 80,000 troops with heavy weaponry expected to join a new Serb militia fighting the government of Bosnia-Hercegovina. The withdrawal means that the Yugoslav army decision of April 27 to pull its troops out of Sarejvo has been formally implemented, but has not changed the situation in the newly independent republic, which has been under siege by Serb guerillas backed by Belgrade. The move also led to a resumption of talks on reopening Sarajevo's airport to bring in relief supplies and food. Clashes continued, meanwhile, in Sarajevo and across the former central republic of the now defunct Yugoslav federation. According to incomplete information, at least three people were killed and five wounded since Thursday in Sarajevo, police said. Serb guerrillas are fighting to divide Sarajevo as part of their drive to seize the self-declared state they want to annex to the new Yugoslav federation forged by communist-ruled Serbia and tiny Montenegro on April 27. Jusuf Pusina, a Muslim Slav assistant interior minister confirmed the Yugoslav army pullout was completed after more than two weeks of negotiations with militant Serb leaders. Shortly after midday Friday, a convoy of trucks, buses and passenger cars with troops carrying only side arms began pulling out from the barracks in downtown Sarajevo as Bosnia-Hercegovina's mostly Muslim Slav and Croat defense forces watched the movement, officials said. Officials of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) for neighboring Croatia accompanied the convoy of Yugoslav army vehicles. No incidents were reported as more than 15 buses, 40 trucks and 60 passenger cars left the barracks in the city center for the Serb-held Lukavica military base three miles out of Sarajevo, witnesses said. Serb guerrillas, armed by the Yugoslav army and positioned on hilltops surrounding Sarajevo, have kept the predominantly Muslim Slav city of 560,000 under siege for about two months. They have kept daily shelling and firing on civilian targets in the city. Bosnia-Hercegovina defense forces had besieged the Marshal Tito Barracks of the Yugoslav army, the last of its facilities in Bosnia, preventing the army from taking heavy weaponry. Militant Serb political and military leaders, who want to carve out the self-declared ``Serbian Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina'' out of the republic and merge it with neighboring Serbia, had opposed an accord that included the pullout of the troops only with light arms while heavy weapons remain in the barracks. The Serb-led Yugoslav army and Bosnia-Hercegovina government officials reached the accord on the withdrawal with assistance from officials of UNPROFOR on May 22 but the Serb leaders in Sarajevo only Friday agreed to the pull out without the heavy artillery and other weapons. Negotiations were under way on the reopening of Sarajevo's Butmir Airport, taken over by Serbian guerrillas two months ago, to allow free passage to flights with international humanitarian aid to the shattered and starving city. The Yugoslav army on April 27 ordered all soldiers from Serbia and Montenegro to return home, leaving an estimated 80,000 Serbs native to Bosnia-Hercegovina to join Serbian Democratic Party gunmen and other guerrilla units in the ``army'' of the self-declared Serbian state. More than 15,000 Yugoslav army soldiers, natives to Serbia and Montenegro, have been pulled out from Bosnia-Hercegovina. Militant Serb leaders are demanding the republic be partitioned into autonomous ethnic regions, and have claimed 70 percent of its territory, even though Serbs comprise only 31 percent of the population of 4.4 million. About 6,000 people have been killed and more than 21,000 injured since guerrillas of the Serbian Democratic Party, widely regarded as a puppet of Serbia's uncompromising communist rulers, and Yugoslav army units launched their offensive in Bosnia-Hercegovina. About 1.3 million people, mostly Muslim Slavs and Croats, have been forced from their homes in what Western officials and the U.N. Secretary General Boutros Ghali have condemned as a deliberate terror campaign by Serbian forces to create ethnically ``pure'' Serbian areas in the republic. Bosnia-Hercegovina, which is made up of 1.9 million Muslim Slavs, 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs and 750,000 Roman Catholic Croats, won international recognition as an independent state on April 6 and was admitted to the United Nations on May 22. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Pell calls for military action Date: 4 Jun 92 19:10:35 GMT WASHINGTON (UPI) -- Chairman Claiborne Pell, D-R.I., of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Thursday urged the United States, through the United Nations, to initiate military action against Serbia to stop the deadly attacks on Bosnia-Hercegovina. Pell suggested the use of the naval power of the United States, NATO, Russia and Ukraine to enforce the U.N.-sanctioned embargo against Serbia; closing the airspace over Bosnia-Hercegovina to the planes of the rump Yugoslavian federation; and taking military action against the artillery now pounding Sarajevo. ``In the seven months of Iraqi occupation of Kuwait, some 5,000 Kuwaitis perished,'' Pell said in a statement. ``This toll has been exceeded in just three months in Bosnia-Hercegovina.'' Pell said the U.N. sanctions should be given time to work but, unlike the crisis in Iraq, he said there is no time for diplomacy in the Balkans. ``As we speak, war is being waged against innocent people,'' he said. ``Each passing day brings hundreds of new casualties. The historic and beautiful cities of Sarajevo and Mostar are being reduced to rubble. As lives are lost, so too is the cultural heritage of Europe and the world. '' Pell said, ``It is time consider further steps to save lives. First, the blockade against Serbia and Montenegro must be tightly enforced. ``The United States, our NATO partners and our Russian and Ukrainian friends heve enormous naval resources in the vicinity of Yugoslavia,'' he said. ``We should promptly seek a U.N. Security Council resolution authorizing the use of these naval assets to block the coast of Montenegro.'' ``The airspace over Bosnia-Hercegovina should be closed to the rump Yugoslav federation,'' Pell said. ``We should seek a U.N. resolution authorizing the use of air power against Serbia. A U.N. declared intention to help defend the airspace over Bosnia could be sufficient to keep Serbia out.'' And, Pell added, again acting through the United Nations, the United States ``and our friends and allies should consider military action against the artillery now pounding Sarajevo. ``Militias shelling innocent civilians in a major city are not a military force, but a bunch of cowards,'' Pell said. ``I suspect that such 'bravery' will quickly disapper with the arrival of just a few well-directed smart bombs.'' Pell said, ``The United States cannot become the policeman of the world. Yet this new world order will be another empty promise if we stand aside and allow Serbia to continue the slaughter in Bosnia- Hercegovina.''
novine.23 .bale.,
AP 06/02 11:51 EDT V0683 Copyright 1992. The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- Croatian troops as well as the Serbian-led Yugoslav army are fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina, U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali told the Security Council Tuesday. A report by the U.N. chief last month laid most of the blame for violence in Bosnia on the Yugoslav army and Serbian guerrillas trying to carve out "ethnically pure" regions. That report noted Croatian troops were also alleged to be active in Bosnia, but added that the Croatian government had denied playing any role in the fighting. Tuesday's report confirms the presence of Croatian troops and says they are under Croatia's control, whether formally or de facto. In April, the Security Council passed a resolution demanding the withdrawal of both the Yugoslav army and Croatian troops from Bosnia-Herzegovina. The increased belligerence of the Yugoslav army and its Serb paramilitary allies led the council to clamp an oil and trade embargo on Serbia and Montenegro on Saturday. Serbia and Montenegro are the only two original republics of Yugoslavia still in the reconstituted country. Boutros-Ghali's report Tuesday points a finger at Croatia: "As regards the withdrawal of elements of the Croatian army now in Bosnia and Herzegovina, information currently available in New York suggests that no such withdrawal has occurred." U.N. peacekeepers in Yugoslavia have "received reliable reports of Croatian army personnel, in uniform, operating within, and as part of, military formations in Bosnia and Herzegovina," he said. "The Croatian authorities have consistently taken the position that the Croatian soldiers in Bosnia and Herzegovina have left the Croatian army and are not subject to its authority. "International observers do not, however, doubt that portions of Bosnia and Herzegovina are under the control of Croatian military units, whether belonging to the local territorial defense, to paramilitary groups or to the Croatian army," Boutros-Ghali said. With the various fighting forces splintering in Yugoslavia and political authorities disavowing any control over the combatants, Boutros-Ghali said it would be hard to imagine how the United Nations or other international observers could effectively monitor a cease-fire or demobilization. ********************************************************** AP 06/03 16:53 EDT V0278 Copyright 1992. The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- An hour after the Security Council clamped sanctions on Serbia over the weekend, it received a report maintaining that Belgrade doesn't control the main Serb militia fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The report by U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali and his chief peacekeeper, Marrack Goulding, also said Croatian soldiers are involved in the fighting in Bosnia. Security Council ambassadors are wondering now whether they were too tough on Serbia. On Saturday, the council voted 13-0, with China and Zimbabwe abstaining, to clamp an oil embargo, trade sanctions and sports sanctions on Serbia and Montenegro, the republics remaining in Yugoslavia. A Western diplomat said Wednesday that if council members had seen Boutros-Ghali's report before the vote, the resolution would have barely squeaked through, with perhaps 10 votes. Nine are needed for adoption. More countries would have abstained, and it is possible that India or Zimbabwe might have voted against it, he said, speaking on condition of anonymity. The report, made public Wednesday, says the key Serb-led militia in Sarajevo, Bosnia's capital, is apparently no longer controlled by Belgrade or the Yugoslav army. The militia is under the command of Lt.-Gen. Ratko Mladic. "We have now got a serious problem," said Zimbabwe's ambassador, S.S. Mumbengegwi. "The secretary-general has come out with a very clear report that Belgrade is no longer able to control the Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina. "So what are the sanctions going to achieve? The whole purpose of the sanctions was to get Belgrade to issue instructions to the Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina to stop fighting," he said. Most ambassadors still blame Serbia and the Bosnian Serb militias for most of the fighting in Bosnia. But they are having second thoughts over the one-sidedness of the sanctions. "We certainly would have preferred to have had that information before discussing the draft resolution," said French Ambassador Jean-Bernard Merimee. "But the resolution has been voted on. In response we have to stick to it." Alluding to Croatia's role in Bosnia, Merimee said, "If it is proven fact, in the future, that Croatia refuses to abide by what has been requested from all the parties ... at that time the council will perhaps meet again ... to contemplate sanctions against the offender." The council's president, Belgian Ambassador Paul Noterdaeme, would not comment on whether Croatia might face sanctions. But he rejected the contention that Serbia was not responsible for bloodletting in Bosnia. "They can not let loose all these elements and all these soldiers and then say they are washing their hands -- that is not correct," Noterdaeme said. Council ambassadors questioned the timing of the release of the report, Noterdaeme said. But he said the late distribution was the result of a technical delay. ***************************************************************** Subject: Bush orders stringent sanctions against Yugoslavia Date: 5 Jun 92 17:43:57 GMT WASHINGTON (UPI) -- President Bush Friday banned exports and imports of goods from Yugoslavia, barred landing rights and took other stringent measures to conform to the U.N. Security Council resolution that imposed an economic embargo on Serbia and Montenegro. The United Nations acted May 30 in response to the Serbian siege on Bosnia-Hercegovina along with efforts to isolate Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, head of the two-republic Yugoslavia. The directive prohibits: --Exports and imports of goods and services between the United States and Yugoslavia. --Any dealings by a U.S. person in connection with property originating in Yugoslavia. --Transactions related to transportation to or from Serbia and Montenegro. --Granting of permission to any aircraft take off from, land in or overfly the United States if that aircraft is destined to land in or take off from the territory of Yugoslavia. --The performance by an American or any person in certain categories of projects in Yugoslvia. --Continues to block all property of the government of Yugoslavia as well as assets of the former government. --Clarifies the definition of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to mean Serbia and Montenegro. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: U.N. reaches agreement in principle to reopen Sarajevo airport Date: 5 Jun 92 22:27:05 GMT UNITED NATIONS (UPI) -- A U.N. official announced Friday that the leadership of Bosnia-Hercegovina and Serbian military officials have agreed in principle to re-open the Sarajevo airport to U.N. humanitarian aid flights. Francois Giuliani said Bosnia-Hercegovina's leaders signed the agreement reached after three days of U.N.-led talks in Sarajevo while Serbian officials, for technical reasons, could not sign immediately. ``The secretary-general has informed the Security Council that the negotiations have culminated in an agreement in principle to reopen the airport for the delivery of humanitarian reliefs,'' said Giuliani, who is the spokesman for Secretary-General Boutros Ghali. The information was given to the 15-nation council, which convened an urgent meeting late Friday afternoon to discuss the new development. Giuliani warned that the agreement in principle to reopen the airport may not go through or be respected by all sides in the conflict, which have broken cease-fire accords they signed since the civil war began two months ago in Bosnia-Hercegovina. ``We are not beating the drums, it is not over yet,'' he said. However, Guiliani said, ``The agreement has been reached and endorsed by the presidency of Bosnia-Hercegovina. He said the leadership of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina ''accepted the agreement, but has not yet signed it for technical reasons.`` ``The viability of the agreement depends of the good faith of the parties,'' he said. Signing for the United Nations were Cedric Thorberry, the top U.N. civilian in Sarajevo, and U.N. peacekeeping leaders. Thornberry conducted the talks, which started on Wednesday, Giuliani said. The negotiations to reopening of the Sarajevo airport was the first and urgent step requested by the Security Council so international organizations could bring in much needed food and medical supplies for the tens of thousands of residents of Sarajevo caught by the savage daily artillery poundings by Serbian forces which have encircled the capital. Giuliani said the Bosnian leadership and the Serbs have also agreed on a security zone around the airport, which would put heavy artillery and anti-aircraft weapons outside of the range of the airport and under the control of the U.N. Protection Force in Yugoslavia. It was not known immediately when the airport would be open to air traffic. Giuliani said the agreement in principle required that the airport be inspected before U.N. humanitarian flights could begin. To do so, the United Nations would have to send more peacekeeping troops to the area to provide security, he said. Giuliani said Ghali will ask the Security Council to enlarge the mandate of UNPROFOR, which was set up for the peace operation in Croatia, so it can take over duties at the Sarajevo airport. He said Ghali won't be able to provide to the council details of U.N. military deployment to Sarajevo until early next week. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- AP 06/04 07:35 EDT V0492 Copyright 1992. The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (AP) -- Serbia called Thursday for the lifting of international sanctions against it following the release of a U.N. report that apparently clears its government of exclusive blame for the war in Bosnia. Sporadic fighting continued overnight in Bosnia-Herzegovina, including the capital Sarajevo. Violence across the newly independent republic claimed at least 45 lives Wednesday, and Bosnian leaders pleaded for foreign intervention. On the sixth day of U.N. sanctions against Serbia and its ally Montenegro, there was little sign of hardship in the Serbian capital except for long lines of cars at service stations. Belgrade's stores remained well-stocked. The U.N. report, made public Wednesday, said Serb fighters in Bosnia are no longer under direct control from Belgrade and have launched some of the worst violence in violation of orders to show restraint. It also said Croatian soldiers were on the offensive in Bosnia, where an estimated 5,700 people have been killed since Feb. 29 when the republic's majority Slavic Muslims and Croats voted for independence from Yugoslavia. Since the secession vote, Serbs have seized about two-thirds of the republic with the aid of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army. The report by Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was not available to the Security Council on Saturday when it imposed harsh sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro, the remnants of the Yugoslav federation after Slavonia, Croatia, Macedonia and Bosnia seceded. It differs from previous assessments that lay much of the blame for the fighting on the Yugoslav army, and it casts doubt on the effectiveness of the effort to halt the fighting by imposing sanctions on Yugoslavia. "The report returns and strengthens our trust in the United Nations," said Branko Kostic, the head of Yugoslavia's collective presidency. He urged the lifting of sanctions. "The sanctions were intended to intimidate Yugoslavs, and someone did not want it published before the unprecedented (U.N.) resolution was passed," Kostic said in an interview. Branko Brankovic, an adviser in Yugoslavia's Foreign Ministry, said the result of the new report should be "the lifting of the sanctions against Yugoslavia and the punishment of the real culprits." The Vecernje Novosti newspaper, close to Serbia's president, Slobodan Milosevic, said that all three sides in the Bosnia war are to blame, including the Serb forces there. The U.N. report says the loss of Serbian control over the irregulars began month ago when the Yugoslav army began discharging soldiers, most of whom have taken their weapons -- including artillery -- and joined Serb militias. There also are increasing signs of a rift between Bosnian Serb leaders and Milosevic, by far the strongest politician in the new Yugoslavia. Milosevic hinted he could resign to ease international sanctions on his republic. Milosevic told Britain's Channel 4 TV he was prepared to quit "if it is a price for lifting of sanctions, a just solution." About 50,000 people demonstrated against his policies in Belgrade on Sunday. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- AP 06/05 08:23 EDT V0885 Copyright 1992. The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) -- About 800 Yugoslav federal army soldiers on Friday were permitted to leave a downtown Sarajevo barracks where they had been trapped by Muslim forces for almost a month. The move could hasten a cease-fire between Serbian irregulars and Bosnian government forces, made up of pro-independence Muslims and Croatians. Their battles, which began in March, have been among the worst of the year of fighting in the former Yugoslavia. "It went without a hitch," said Col. John Wilson, head of the U.N. observer team, after the convoys headed for Serbian-controlled area on the southwestern edge of town. Also evacuated were about 100 women and children trapped with the Yugoslav forces. Hours earlier, a fierce artillery attack from Serbian positions pounded the Bosnian capital, killing two people and turning the predawn skies orange. Four convoys of trucks, buses and cars, each flanked by U.N. armored personnel carriers and Bosnian police cars, sped from the Marshal Tito barracks as the Yugoslav soldiers were evacuated. Bosnian government militiamen, blue-and-white Bosnian coats of arms stitched to their shirts, looked out from doorways or from behind sandbagged positions. Some waved their AK-47 assault rifles in the air to celebrate. Bosnian officers said the evacuation had been held up because Serb irregulars opened fire on Muslims clearing a bridge on the Miljacka River over which the Yugoslav army convoys had to pass. The evacuation began after days of stalled negotiations over who would get the barracks' heavy weapons after the troops left. They fell to the Bosnian forces who claimed the barracks. The Marshal Tito barracks, which effectively cut the city in half, had been shelled repeatedly. The soldiers inside had responded with fire of their own.
novine.24 dpaun,
"POLITIKA", subota 6. jun 1992, str. 2 REAGOVANJA U SVETU NA NAJNOVIJI IZVEŠTAJ BUTROSA GALIJA ... "Milijet" navodi da se "mladi oficiri pripremaju da svrgnu sadašnju vladu i Slobodana Miloševića". List prenosi mišljenje neidentifikovanih zapadnih posmatrača, jedinstvenih u oceni da se, kako se navodi, "u samoj armiji nalazi kadar koji će moći da izvrši udar protiv Miloševića", dodajući da su neki "genera- li koji su dali ostavku u sprezi sa tim kadrom". ... dPaun(!?)
novine.25 .bale.,
Subject: Serbs keep shelling Sarajevo; 11 dead Date: 6 Jun 92 12:43:48 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- Serb guerrillas pounded Sarajevo civilian zones Saturday with heavy artillery, leaving at least 11 dead and 20 wounded in the battered and starving Bosnia-Hercegovina capital, officials and witnesses said. ``It was one of those infernal nights,'' said a police official in the besieged city of 560,000. Sarajevo Radio appealed Saturday afternoon to residents to donate blood for the injured. A U.N. official, meanwhile, confirmed an agreement had been reached by the Serbian and Bosnia-Hercegovina officials on reopening Sarajevo's Butmir Airport to allow flights of food and other humanitarian aid, desperately needed in the city besieged by Serb guerrillas for more than two months. The predominantly Muslim Slav city came under fierce shelling from the guerrillas Friday night, hours after Serb-led Yugoslav army troops vacated the Marshal Tito Barracks in downtown Sarajevo, withdrawing 3 miles outside the capital. But witnesses said the troops did not appear to be altering their strategy of dividing the capital along ethnic lines. Militant leaders of the Serbian Democratic Party (SDP) want to partition Sarajevo on an imaginary line running from Vogosca suburb in the northwest to Lukavica and Pale southeast of the capital. ``The Serbs, after retreating from the Marshal Tito Barracks, now are trying to take control of Pero Kosoric Square and Hrasno area some 500 yards from the military base,'' a Sarajevo resident said. Serb militia forces have been fighting Bosnia-Hercegovina's mostly Muslim Slav and Croat defense forces in the past two months as part of their offensive to carve out a self-declared ``Serbian republic'' in the new state and merge it with neighboring Serbia. Serb guerrillas, positioned on hilltops surrounding Sarajevo, began shelling the city center and its suburbs at about 8 p.m. Friday. The heavy bombardment from 155-mm howitzers and multiple rocket launchers stopped at 3 a.m. Saturday. After a pre-dawn lull, the Serbs began increasing the intensity of barrages and at midday larger sections of the city were again under strong fire, witnesses said. A shell hit a taxi in downtown Sarajevo Saturday morning, killing three occupants, including a young girl, police said. About 100 houses in the city's historic heart of Bascarsija including an old Serbian Orthodox Church were damaged in the shelling, police said. A number of houses on Pero Kosoric square nearby were heavily damaged. A tobacco factory and a city dairy were also damaged, police said. Serb guerrillas were installing snipers on high-rise buildings in Sarajevo's shopping center in Grbavica apartment complex. Witnesses said the shelling was also coming from the Yugoslav army Lukavica base. The Yugoslav army Friday afternoon withdrew a total of 1,200 troops, cadets and civilian dependents -- Serbs native to Serbia and Montenegro -- from its last barracks in downtown Sarajevo to the Lukavica Barracks three miles outside the city. The army, under terms of an accord, left heavy weaponry in the Marshal Tito barracks but officials of the mostly Muslim Slav and Croat Territorial Defense could not say how many pieces were in operable condition. The officials feared that the army might have damaged the weapons before leaving the barracks. Officials said Serb guerrillas overnight shelled sections of the Tito Barracks in an apparent effort to damage equipment left there by the Yugoslav army. Despite the army's withdrawal, about 80,000 of its troops -- Serbs born in Bosnia-Hercegovina -- have been left behind across the newly independent state under the command of the SDP leader Radovan Karadzic and Lt. Gen. Ratko Mladic. Karadzic and Mladic are in charge of ``Serbian Republic of Bosnia- Hercegovina'' declared on 70 percent of the republic's territory for 1.4 million Serbs who comprise only 31 percent of the 4.4 million population. About 1.9 million Muslim Slavs and 750,000 Croats advocate an independent state of Bosnia-Hercegovina, the central republic in former Yugoslavia. About 6,000 people have been killed and more than 21,000 injured since Serb guerrillas, supported by the communist regime of President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia, began their drive in Bosnia-Hercegovina. About 1.3 million people, mostly Muslim Slavs and Croats, have been forced from their homes in the past eight weeks. International human rights organizations have condemned Serbian forces for a deliberate terror campaign aimed at creating ethnically ``pure'' Serbian areas in the republic. Bosnia-Hercegovina won international recognition as an independent state on April 6, and was admitted to the United Nations on May 22. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: 7 killed in Serbian bombardment; bread, milk plants hit Date: 7 Jun 92 17:37:08 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- Serbian gunmen loosed sniper fire and sporadic shelling into Sarajevo Sunday after ferocious overnight barrages that killed at least seven people, injured 53 and left many areas without water, officials said. The attacks also destroyed the main Yugoslav army base two days after it was vacated, officials said. At least 28 people have been killed and 123 injured in fighting across Bosnia-Hercegovina since Saturday, a crisis committee statement said. Out of these, in Sarajevo alone at least 19 people perished and 76 suffered injuries,the statement said. The steady barrage damaged the main milk and bread factories, on which tens of thousands of residents in the beseiged city depend. Neither commodity was distributed. Dragan Marjanovic, a spokesman for the republic's defense ministry, said about 5,000 shells have hit the city of Sarajevo in the past 30 hours of Serbian guerrilla attacks. More than 100 homes and buildings, including a 16th century Serbian Orthodox Church, a Roman Catholic Church, the Europa Hotel, and a hospital, were damaged by multiple rocket, tank, howitzer and anti- aircraft rounds that laced all areas of the city, Sarajevo Radio said. Firefighters were hampered by the shelling and low water pressure in trying to extinguish blazes that raged across the city, including one that turned the top 16 floors of a 22-story building into a smoking, blackened skeleton of warped steel. Residents said it was one of the heaviest attacks on the city of 560, 000 of the more than two-month-old Serbian drive to rip a self-declared state out of newly independent Bosnia-Hercegovina and merge it with the new Yugoslav federation formed by communist-ruled Serbia and Montenegro. ``Last night was hell in the city,'' said one resident, who asked to remain anonymous. Yugoslav army-armed Serbian Democratic Party guerrillas also made forays toward the center of the city in attempts to divide the capital in half, Sarajevo Radio said, but were pushed back by security forces, which are predominantly Muslim Slav, and also include Croats and loyalist Serbs. Serb guerrillas broke into apartments in the Grbavica neighborhood, maltreated residents and looted property, officials said. The barrages erupted at 7:30 p.m. Saturday and raged for almost 12 hours, when they subsided to intermittent Serbian shelling. The dead included an 8-year-old girl, whose two sisters and mother were among those wounded in the attacks, said the municipal crisis committee. Serbian snipers kept up constant fire on strategic intersections near the shell-ravaged city center and on densely populated apartment block settlements on its western fringes, witnesses and news reports said. ``The sniper fire is tremendous,'' said Mario Susko, a Sarajevo University professor living in Dobrinja, where an estimated 30,000 people reportedly face imminent starvation because of a blockade of more than a month of the sprawling settlement by Serbian Democratic Party gunmen and tanks. ``Today is our last day of food. Maybe we can muster a loaf of bread. Then, God knows what,'' he said, as a burst of nearby sniper fire echoed over the telephone. ``We can't risk going out there, but I don't know when your hunger instincts begin to work.'' A spokesman for the Sarajevo office of the U.N. Protection Force said efforts were underway to convene talks on allowing a humanitarian aid convoy into Dobrinja. Witnesses said that much of the shelling was targeted against the Marshal Tito Barracks, the city's main Yugoslav army base, which was set ablaze two days after it was vacated in the completion of a long-delayed withdrawal from the city. ``The barracks is totally burned down. All the roofs and floors are gone,'' said one resident. The base was apparently targeted in a deliberate attempt by the Serbian Democratic Party to destroy weaponry -- one aged tank, two armored personnel carriers, seven howitzers, 10 mortars and a small stock of ammunition -- the Yugoslav army left behind for defense forces in return for a guarantee of safe conduct out of Sarajevo. City officials said the shelling damaged a main high-tension electricity cable, knocking out power to municipal water pumps. The lack of water prevented the main bakery from producing bread, and Sarajevo radio broadcast appeals to residents to conserve whatever supplies they may have stocked, saying it could be some time before the system was restored. Doctors said they have used up some basic medical necessities, but many stocks were holding out. ``In the past 63 days of the war, we have spent a lot of reserves. But, thanks to charitable groups, we still endure and I hope we are going to see better times,'' said Dr. Mihailo Milasevic, a surgeon at the city's orthopedic clinic. The city has been beseiged for weeks by Serbian Democratic Party guerrillas and Yugoslav army troops who have remained in the republic following a purported withdrawal of soldiers native to Serbia and Montenegro by the regime of Serb-dominated rump Yugoslavia. U.N. officials reported brokering an agreement Friday between the warring sides to place the Serb-held airport under international control for flights of humanitarian assistance. The U.N. Security Council was expected to meet in New York Monday to approve a mandate and budget for the operation, which was to require several thousand troops. The government has said France has offered to provide at least 1,000 soldiers for the operation. The Serbian Democratic Party has demanded the partition of Sarajevo into ethnic districts as part of their drive to capture the 70 percent of the republic they have claimed for their self-declared state. The offensive, which began in the runup to international recognition of Bosnia-Hercegovina's independence in early April, has continued despite the imposition of sweeping economic sanctions against Belgrade, whose communist rulers are regarded as the main architects of the offensive. An estimated 6,000 people have been killed, more than 22,000 wounded and in excess of 1.3 million driven from their homes. The republic comprises 1.9 million Muslim Slavs, 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs and 750,000 Roman Catholic Croats. Independence was favored by Muslim Slavs, most Croats and some Serbs. The bulk of the Serbs demand the right to join Serbia-controlled rump Yugoslavia.
novine.26 .bale.,
Article: 9591 of soc.culture.yugoslavia From: Date: 05 Jun 92 09:09 PDT Subject: How do Croats think about Tudjman /* Written 12:31 pm Jun 5, 1992 by gn:ark in cdp:yugo.antiwar */ /* ---------- "How do Croats think about Tudjman" ---------- */ Results of a public poll made by Plus (research insitute) for Slobodna Dalmacija 4 June 1992 1. What do you like to propose to Tudjman? He should: 45,3% - Going to pension 30,7% - be candidate again for President of the Republic 12 % - Resign (immediately, becuase of all his political mistakes) 6,4 % - become President for life 5,6 % - I don't know 2. How much power should a President have in the future ? 65,6% - Less than now 19,1% - Same as now 10,9% - More than now 4,4 % - I don't know 3. The Second Program of HTV should below to the opositional Parties 47,4% - I'm strongly in fever 24,3% - I'm in fever 11,7% - yes and no 7,5 % - I'm strongly against 4,8 % - I'm against 4,1 % - I don't know 4. Church has now too much influence on the state politics 26,5 % - I'm Strongly agree 21,5 % - I'm Agree 16,8 % - Yes and No 14,7 % - I'm strongly disagree 16,2 % - I'm disgree 4,3 % - I don't know 5. Abortion has to be forbidden 62,7% - I'm strongly disagree 6,1 % - I'm disgree 3,7 % - Yes and no 13,9% - I'm strongly agree 4,9 % - I'm agree 3,5 % - I don't know Slobodna Dalmacija is one of the only not state own daily newspaper (the shares are hold by the workers)
novine.27 .bale.,
Subject: U.N. considers sending 1,000 infantrymen to Sarajevo airport Date: 8 Jun 92 17:11:59 GMT UNITED NATIONS (UPI) -- As fighting increased in Bosnia-Hercegovina, the U.N. Security Council Monday considered sending a 1,000-strong infantry battalion to take over the Sarajevo airport and open it to humanitarian aid flights. The 15-nation council met to discuss a proposal by Secretary-General Boutros Ghali to put the airport under troops of the U.N. Protection Force (UNPROFOR), an operation that could be completed in 10 days. The airport should be placed ``under exclusive authority of the United Nations,'' Ghali said. Under the plan, which would be carried out in four phases if the council approves it, UNPROFOR would ge given the task of securing the immediate vicinity of the airport and its installations, supervising its operations, including unloading of humanitarian cargo and ensuring the safe movement of the aid and relief personnel. UNPROFOR was established earlier this year to protect Serb-minority areas in Croatia following the eruption of the civil war in that republic which, along with Slovenia, first declared independence from Belgrade in July 1991. The war has spread to Bosnia-Hercegovina as Belgrade has been trying to carve out part of the republic for Serbia. In addition to the 1,000 infantrymen, Ghali said 60 military observers and 40 civilian police would join the Sarajevo operation. The military observers would be sent in the first phase to supervise the withdrawal of anti-aircraft and other heavy weapons from the airport and their concentration at agreed locations. The infantrymen would be sent in the second phase to provide security for the airport and its installations. In phase three, the civilian personnel and humanitarian aid officials will be deployed to operate the airport before its opening in the final phase. Ghali said in the report outlining his plan to the Security Council that ``the viability of the agreement (to re-open the airport) will depend on the good faith of the parties, and especially the Bosnian Serb party, in scrupulously honoring their commitments.'' UNPROFOR would secure a land corridor between the airport and the capital for distribution of the badly needed food supplies and medicines to the 300,000 residents in Sarajevo. The airport was closed to traffic by Serbian forces which also encircled the capital and cut off the flow of food supplies. Ghali said the U.N. operation at Sarajevo will involve ``significant risks,'' but he said the humanitarian emergency in the capital and elsewhere in Bosnia-Hercegovina ``grows daily more severe and there is an ever more urgent need to bring the fighting under control.'' The U.N. leader estimated that the cost of maintaining the airport would be $20.1 million from June to October and $3 million for each month thereafter. The warring parties in Bosnia-Hercegovina signed an agreement last Friday to re-open the airport after three days of U.N.-led negotiations. The agreement said that all artillery, mortar and ground-to-ground missiles and tanks within range of the airport must be concentrated in areas under the U.N. control. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: U.S. supports proposal to expand peacekeeping forces in Yugoslavia Date: 8 Jun 92 17:17:22 GMT WASHINGTON (UPI) -- The United States strongly supports a proposal before the U.N. Security Council to expand the peacekeeping forces in Croatia to secure the besieged Sarajevo airport, in order to allow humanitarian aid into the country, a spokesman said Monday. White House press secretary Marlin Fitzwater said that the change in the U.N. mandate, which now authorizes tight sanctions, was proposed by U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Ghali, and would apply to forces now operating in Croatia. ``The United States strongly endorses this change to extend the activities there to in and around the Sarajevo airport,'' Fitzwater said. ``We are discussing with the United Nations the possibility of a peacekeeping force controlling the airport to allow unimpeded shipment of humanitarian supplies,'' he explained. ``We have supplies which we can't get through.'' The supplies, which would include food, medicine and water, cannot get through because the airport is under control of the Serbian dominated Yugoslav forces. Fitzwater could not say how the convoys carrying supplies could get to the people. Nor could he say whether U.S. troops would be involved and what would be the rules of engagement. Those matters, he said, would be up to the United Nations. He said the devastation in Sarajevo in terms of lives and property was ``as bad as in World War II.'' The proposal would ``be an extension'' of the U.N. peacekeeping forces already in the area, Fitzwater said. ``The president is very deeply concerned about the situation in Yugoslavia,'' he said. ``It's a vey complicated situation there with various ethnic groups and problems in Sarajevo. ''We have been working with the United Nations for some time. We certainly are supportive. We want to work with them.`` Despite published reports in Yugoslavia, the U.S. 6th Fleet is not involved in any new effort to capture the airport at Sarajevo, Fitzwater said. Yugoslav army-armed-and-backed Serbian Democratic Party guerrillas are seeking to partition Sarajevo as part of their more than 2-month-old offensive to capture a self-declared state in Bosnia-Hercegovina and merge it with the Serb-dominated Yugoslavia forged on April 27 by communist-ruled Serbia and Montenegro. More than 6,000 people are estimated to have died and in excess of 22,000 injured since the Serbian Democratic Party and the Yugoslav army launched their territorial conquests in reaction to international recognition of Bosnia-Hercegovina's independence in early April. An American diplomat in Belgrade said the U.S. Embassy received a plea for help by telephone from Stjepan Kljuic, a Croatian member of the Bosnia-Hercergovina presidency. ``I want to send a last SOS to the American government. If you try to help us later, it will be too late. Please do something for us so that our people do not lose faith in America,'' the diplomat quoted Kljuic as saying. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Bosnian forces shell Serbs in effort to break siege of Sarajevo Date: 8 Jun 92 17:54:54 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- Bosnia-Hercegovina's defense forces turned artillery surrendered by the Yugoslav army against Serbian positions outside Sarajevo for the first time Monday in an effort to break the siege of the capial. It was the heaviest fighting of the war in this new republic. Defense officials claimed significant successes in the multi-pronged assaults, but their assertions could not be verified independently. ``The defenders are in a counteroffensive,'' said Mirsad Tokaca, a high-ranking official from the territorial defense forces, but he added, ``There is no place for celebration.'' Spokesmen for three major hospitals in Sarajevo said 20 people were killed and 344 injuried in the fiercest fighting since clashes began between Serbian irregulars and Bosnia-Hercegovina territorial defense units two months ago. Police said in the previous 24 hours, 31 people had been killed and 215 injured in fighting throughout Bosnia-Herzegovina, and residents of Sarajevo reported no food, water or electricity in large sections of the capital. Serbian Democratic Party gunners fired blistering barrages from tank, artillery, rocket and mortar units dug in at Sarajevo airport and the Yugoslav army's base in suburban Lukavica, officials said. The indiscriminate rain of high explosive dealt new damage to the presidency building, the municipal hall, the railway station and a primary school, officials said. Residents said rounds blasted into many houses and apartments. ``We are being hit, hard, with 155mm howitzers,'' said a resident of the Dobrinja complex, built for the 1984 Olympic Games and entirely cut off by Serbian irregulars from the rest of the city. ``It's mayhem.'' ``I've had two dog biscuits to eat today -- how wonderful,'' the Dobrinja resident said. ``Tell the world it's a matter of minutes, not hours.'' Dr. Alija Mulaomerovic, a surgeon at the main trauma center, said three bodies and 41 wounded were brought to the facility on what he described as ``one of the most difficult days we have had.'' Ambulances were unable to operate, forcing police and private citizens to drive casualties to hospitals. Residents and officials described the fighting as the worst to convulse Sarajevo since the Yugoslav army-armed Serbian Democratic Party launched an offensive more than two months ago to capture a self- declared state and merge it with the Serb-dominated rump Yugoslavia formed by communist-ruled Serbia and Montenegro on April 27. ``It is unbelievable,'' said one resident, Ivana Benic. ``We are being attacked from all four sides. So far, I can only tell you that we are still alive.'' An American diplomat in Belgrade said the U.S. Embassy received a plea for help by telephone from Stjepan Kljuic, a Croatian member of the Bosnia-Hercergovina presidency. ``I want to send a last SOS to the American government. If you try to help us later, it will be too late. Please do something for us so that our people do not lose faith in America,'' the diplomat quoted Kljuic as saying. The latest fighting followed a weekend of infantry clashes and almost constant Serbian bombardments of the city of 560,000 that left at least 19 people dead and 76 others injured, according to the municipal crisis committee. Sarajevo television said the dead included a Jordanian student, identified as Muhammad Kafai. Yugoslav army-armed-and-backed Serbian Democratic Party guerrillas are seeking to partition Sarajevo as part of their more than two-month- old offensive to capture a self-declared state in Bosnia-Hercegovina and merge it with the Serb-dominated Yugoslavia forged on April 27 by communist-ruled Serbia and Montenegro. Security forces, which are dominated by Muslim Slavs, but also include Croats and loyalist Serbs, launched their counter-attacks at about 5 a.m. in a bid to break a more than month-long Serbian blockade that has prevented food from reaching hundreds of thousands of residents now facing imminent starvation The assaults targeted Serbian artillery and infantry positions on Vraca hill, which overlooks the city center to the south; Zuc hill, located behind the television and radio headquarters and the nearby beseiged Mojmilo apartment block colony, officials said. ``At this moment, a battle for Vraca is taking place. The first successes, in spite of heavy artilery fire, are beyond expectation,'' said Defense Ministry spokesman Dragan Marijanovic. Col. Jovan Divjak, a Serb who serves as second-in-command of the defense forces, said his fighters employed for the first time four 155mm howitzers that the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army confiscated two years ago from the republic. The Yugoslav army returned the weapons in exchange for a guarantee of safe passage for a troop withdrawal from the city that was completed on Friday. ``This plan is one-month-old, but we didn't have the appropriate armaments before,'' Divjak told United Press International. ``We got four 155mm cannons, but we used all of them against Zuc.'' He claimed that security units had succeeded in making significant advances on the hill. ``It is not secured, but it is only a question of an hour or so,'' Divjak said. He added that the thrust into Mojmilo was aimed at clearing the area of Serbian guerrillas and reassuring an estimated 30,000 people -- Muslim Slavs, Serbs and Croats -- in the nearby beseiged Dobrinja apartment complex that the republic's government was aware of their plight. ``The attack on Mojmilo is to show the people in Dobrinja that they are not alone,'' he said. More than 6,000 people are estimated to have died and in excess of 22,000 injured since the Serbian Democratic Party and the Yugoslav army launched their territorial conquests in reaction to international recognition of Bosnia-Hercegovina's independence in early April. Another 1.3 million people have been driven from their homes, most of them Muslim Slavs and Croats uprooted by ``ethnic cleansing'' operations in areas claimed by the Serbs. Serbian forces control more than 50 percent of the republic and have announced they will seize 70 percent. The U.N. Security Council slapped sweeping economic sanctions May 30 against Yugoslavia, now reduced to two republics compared to the original six, in a bid to halt the Serbian offensive. Communist President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia, the architect of the Serbia- Montenegro union, has been condemned internationally as the principle mastermind behind the land grab in Bosnia-Hercegovina. The Yugoslav army says it has withdrawn from Bosnia-Hercegovina. But it left behind for the Serbian Democratic Party forces vast stocks of ammunition and weapons. Up to 80,000 Yugoslav troops are Serbs native to the republic, and many are expected to join the guerrillas. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subject: Samaranch delays decision on Yugoslavia Date: Mon, 8 Jun 92 13:24:21 EDT LONDON (UPI) -- Juan Antonio Samaranch, president of the International Olympic Committee, does not rule out Yugoslavia's chances of participating in next month's Barcelona Olympic Games. Samaranch, in London for the launch of his biography, said a decision on Yugoslavia would be made just before the start of the games on July 25, and any decision made at next Sunday's executive board meeting in Switzerland would be ``provisional.'' ``You know, in politics things change. We will take the decision at the last minute,'' he said.
novine.28 wizard,
Da li bi mogao da ove agencijske vesti ubuduće šalješ kao arhivu uz poruku? Nama manji padovi, tebi kraći upload... <<nenad<<
novine.29 dejanr,
IZUZETNO zanimljivi rezultati, naravno ako im se može verovati. Naročito ono prvo pitanje (45% smatra da Tuđman treba da ide odmah u penziju, 12 posto da treba da da ostavku prema 30.7 koji podržavaju njegovu novu kandidaturu za Predsednika) i ono o ustupanju II programa opoziciji. Zapravo, pokazuje da običan narod svuda misli slične stvari i da mu je sve ovo već više puta preko glave. Možda ipak ima nade.
novine.30 dragisak,
║ da izvrši udar protiv Miloševića", dodajući da su neki "genera- ║ li koji su dali ostavku u sprezi sa tim kadrom". Blagoje Adžić ? :-<
novine.32 squsovac,
> Slobodna Dalmacija is one of the only not state own daily > newspaper (the shares are hold by the workers) Prekjuče je iz Bgd-a otputovao Predrag Lucić, jedan od trojice autora Feral Tribjuna. Vest o podizanju optužnice protiv njega Borisa Dežulovića, Viktora Ivančića i Tanje Torbarine je saznao ovde. Nije mogao da veruje. Kaže mi, sada ćemo sigurno pokrenuti novu Slobodnu, jer će nam oni ovu uzeti. HDZ Splita je ove njegove reči prekjuče i potvrdio. BTW, doneo mi je poslednjih dvadesetak brojeva Ferala, i danima se kidam od smeha. Ne da zezaju Tuđmana nego ga rasturaju. Utipkaću delove u Viceve (a delove ću kvarno poslati kao svoje viceve ;>> ). Ako ima interesenata za utipkavanje dužih tekstova nek se jave na mail.
novine.33 kale,
>> Da li bi mogao da ove agencijske vesti ubuduće šalješ kao arhivu uz >> poruku? Nama manji padovi, tebi kraći upload... Meni više odgovara kao do sada. U skladu sa tvojim predlogom bih morao 2 puta da zovem ili da poruke skupljam ručno. Pozdrav!
novine.34 .bale.,
YUGOSLAVIA: MORE DECISIVELY OR NOT AT ALL By Charles Krauthammer WASHINGTON --- As the slaughter in Yugoslavia continues, the calls are growing louder for the United States to intervene. The calls come not just from where you would expect --- from suffering Croats and Muslim Slavs, helpless before Serbian advances. Some calls are coming from anxious Europeans unnerved by the European Community's failure to manage the crisis, others from American foreign-policy thinkers alarmed by the first European shooting war in more that 40 years. It is clear, they say, that no one else can do anything about the bloods hed. America can. It must not stand idly by. The first proposition is undoubtedly true. The second is problematic. And the third, that America should now do something decisive, is premature and therefore recksless. When Yugoslavia first dissolved into civil war, the United States recused itself from the conflict and let Europe take the lead. Observer missions and endless mediations proved Europe's impotence. Moreover, in a chilling echo of pre-World War I Balkan alliances, Germany lined up with Croatia and Slovenia, while France was decidedly more pro-Serbian. Europe was paralyzed. It did nothing to stop Serbia from grabbing one-third of Croatia and then 70 percent of Bosnia in a vicious "cleansing" campaign to create a Greater Serbia. It was not until May 30 that the United Nations was galvanized to any real action --- sanctions --- against Serbia. And that was only because the United States finally took the lead, reinforcing the cardinal rule of the New World Order that nothing of importance gets done unless America does it. What should America do? The interventionists want more than sanctions. They want action. They are morivated first by genuine humanitarian concern. The people of Bosnia and Croatia are quite defenseless. Though one reason for that, as former National Security Council official Peter Rodman points out, is the folly of the earlier blanket UN embargo on arms to all sides of the conflict. That did nothing to hamper the Serbs, who have all the assets of the Yugoslav Army at their disposal. It simply left Bosnia and Croatia disarmed and helpless. The humanitarian impulse is commendable. But foreign policy is not philanthropy. American soldiers are not to be sent to die for reasons of compassion. There have to be vital U.S. interests at stake. Does America have any in Yugoslavia? Some say what is at stake is the U.S. reputation and credibility as the guarantor of international stability. What kind of guarantor is America if it allows Serbian aggression to go unchecked? WIll that not encourage some future dictator, say a Russian dictator, to gobble up neighbors the way Serbia's Slobodan Milosevic is gobbling his? Perhaps. But America's role as major guarantor of stability in the post- Soviet world cannot possibly mean that it must extinguish every conflict. If America did that, it would bleed itself dry in every discontented corner of the globe. U.S. credibility was well enough established in the Gulf. America showed that when its national interests as well as its sense of justice are engaged, it can muster the will and the might to intervene and prevail. The only real qauestion for the United States in Yugoslavia is whether its vital interests are at stake. At the present time, the answer must be that they are not --- so long as the Yugoslav war remains local. A regional war would be a different proposition. Serbia's recent expansion of the war into Bosnia indicates that Serbia might well be prepared to attack next in Macedonia or Kosovo. That could well ignite a general Balkan war involving Greece, Albania, Bulgaria and, possibly and most disastrously, Turkey, America's foremost Islamic ally and the Western linchpin in Central Asia. A general Balkan war would deeply threaten Europe, Turkey, the Western alliance---in sum, American interests. That is why the administration was justified in pushing the United Natio ns to send Serbia a message with sanctions. The message is this: We are not prepared to roll back your current conquests in Croatia or in Bosnia. But we aim to contain you. Do not push us. And do not push neighboring states. A general war in the Balkans is one that we will not tolerate. Intervention may yet become necessary. It is not so yet. Moreover, what would the United States do now? There is talk about the United Nations securing Sarajevo airport to allow the passage of humanitarian aid to beleaguered civilians. A commendable humanitarian aim---as commendable as America's humanitarian aims in Beirut, 1982. There, too, American troops secured an airport. There, too, they sat in the middle of a savage, centuries-old ethnic conflict. There, too, Americans thought that the title "peacekeeper" would immunize them from the ferocious hatreds surrounding them. To sit in Sarajevo would be a monumental folly. If the Yugoslav war spre ads and America is forced to intervene, the intervention must not be passive (Beirut-style) or incremental (Vietnam-style). It must be decisive, Gulf War-style. That means using air power rather than slugging it out on the ground against guerrilla forces. And it means going to the source---Belgrade, like Baghdad---hitting the vital military and political centers of the Serbian regime. This course, should we come to it, will not be painless. But it has the virtue of not being mad. Madness lies with passive, incremental or ground-based intervention. And most of all, with premature intervention. Washington Post Writers Group (Reprinted without permission from International Herald Tribune, June 10, 1992.)
novine.35 .bale.,
Subject: Students call strike unless Serbian leadership resigns BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- Shouting ``Slobo go away,'' some 2,000 student protesters at the University of Belgrade called Wednesday for the resignation of the communist regime of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and new multi-party elections. The demonstrators urged a student strike to press their demands. ``The present government has failed in every aspect: political, economic and military,'' said a statement signed by representatives of 33 departments and read at the rally in front of the Law School. ``On top of its failures, we have the (U.N.) sanctions and the condemnation of Serbia by the whole world.'' .. The students seek the resignation of Milosevic and his government, the dissolution of the republic legislature, the formation of a national salvation government of experts, and multi-party elections for an assembly to draft a new constitution. ``We demand the University of Belgrade start immediately a strike which is to last until our demands are fulfilled,'' the statement said. Leaders said the strike will begin at noon on Monday. The students hooted down a professor who suggested that instead, they support a declaration calling for a power-sharing arrangement between the communist leadership and representatives of other political interests. Although a separate statement by teaching assistants said they supported the demands and many teachers attended the rally, the extent of overall support for the strike call was not clear. Milan Jovanovic, student dean of the School of Drama and Art who led the rally, also noted the strike was called during examinations. ``It's a bad time, but what are we waiting for -- to get bombed?'' he said. Rumors have swept Belgrade since the imposition of the U.N. sanctions of a possible U.N. or U.S. attack on the capital. Memories are still fresh of the U.S. raids on Baghdad that followed Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's refusal to bend to U.N. sanctions and withdraw his invasion forces from Kuwait. ... Serbia's main opposition coalition has called for a massive anti- government protest June 21 unless Milosevic agrees to resign. Students pointed out their own economic situation has worsened in the past few years. Although tuition is free, books are expensive and they cannot find jobs to support themselves, while the exchange of academic journals with the outside world has practically ceased. Dragoljub Kavran, head of the political science department within the Law Faculty, said the students feel compelled to act following two years of manipulation by the Serbian leadership, including undemocratic elections in 1990 and 1992 and the adoption of constitutions for both Serbia and rump Yugoslavia without input from representatives of all political forces. ``We have never been so ashamed as we are now,'' he said.
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FOREIGN PRESS BUREAU, Zagreb, Wdnesday, June 10, 1992. SARAJEVO, B-H -YU Air Force jets used cluster bombs and chemical weapons to attack Sarajevo this morning. At 10:15 am the air raid alert was sounded sending residents to their shelters. Last night and this morning Serb irregulars have been shelling the town, particularly the sector of Stari Grad and Center. The suburbs of Velesic and Pofalici were the worst hit. A UN convoy of humanitarian aid consisting of 25 trucks left Belgrade for Sarajevo today. It is carrying the food and medicine. A convoy organized by Doctors and Pharmacists Without Borders arrived in Sarajevo today. They were stooped at Visoko where there was intense fighting and again at the Serb occupied Sarajevo suburb of Ilidza where the convoy was searched before being allowed to proceed to UNPROFOR headquarters in Sarajevo. In the Madrid daily "El Mundo", B-H President Alija Izetbegovic said that B-H "will not give up" to the forces attacking Sarajevo, namely the YU Army "whose guns are shooting at the city."
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Subject: Photojournalist killed, American wounded in Sarajevo Date: 17 Jun 92 13:23:33 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- A photojournalist died and a second was wounded by a Serbian tank shell fired into an apartment complex on the fringes of Sarajevo, a U.N. official and reports said. The dead photographer was identified by the Serbian Democratic Party's news agency, Srna, as Evo Stendeker of Mladina, a weekly newspaper based in Ljubljana, the capital of the former Yugoslav republic of Slovenia. He was the second foreign journalist killed in Sarajevo since the Yugoslav army-armed Serbian Democratic Party launched an offensive in late March to carve a self-declared state out of newly independent Bosnia-Hercegovina. Stendeker's wounded companion was Jana Schneider, an American photographer for the Paris-based Sipa agency, said Adnan Abdul Razak, a spokesman for the U.N. Protection Force mission in Sarajevo. He said the pair was hit by shrapnel from a Serbian tank shell on Wednesday after they slipped through the Serbian encirclement of Dobrinja, a massive apartment complex on the western fringe of the Bosnian capital. Serb guerrillas manning a roadblock ``kidnapped'' the pair as they were being rushed out of Dobrinja to a downtown hospital, Razak said. After U.N. intervention, the Serbs agreed to take them for treatment in Pale, the main Serbian Democratic Party stronghold east of Sarajevo, he said. Stendeker died later of massive internal bleeding, Razak said. He said he talked to Schneider by telephone, and quoted her as saying that her injuries were not severe.
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Subject: Milosevic rejects students' demand for resignation Date: 17 Jun 92 15:58:32 GMT BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- Communist President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia Wednesday rejected demands for his resignation by Belgrade University striking students, who said they would continue their protest until he steps down. Milosevic refused an invitation to visit the university for talks with students and professors at a meeting open to news media in the rectorate building in downtown Belgrade, Dragan Djilas, a student leader said. Djilas said Milosevic brushed aside the students demands for his resignation as he did not give any ``concrete response to any of our points.'' Milosevic, who met a delegation of professors and students in his office, said it was not up to the university to decide on state affairs, Djilas said. The student demands included the resignation of Milosevic, dissolution of the Serbian legislature, resignation of the government, and elections for a constituent assembly. ``Our protest must spread to all faculties of the University and we shall continue with the strike until our demands are met,'' Djilas said after the meeting with Milosevic. ``I am extremely disappointed...when I got out from the talks I was scared for the first time. Without changes, things are not looking good for Serbia.'' He quoted Milosevic as saying that he would ``safeguard Serbia from getting into civil war with all means, that blood will not flow on the streets of our towns.'' Djilas said Milosevic boasted he had succeeded in preventing war, which began in the now defunct six-republic Yugoslav federation in June last last year, from spreading to Serbia. Milosevic also claimed minority Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia- Hercegovina, the two republics which have seceded from the federation, were protected by his policies. Militant Serb leaders in Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina have refused to live in the independent states and want their self-declared ``Serbian republics'' there to join Serbia. Djilas said Milosevic insisted that ``power can be gained only in elections.'' About 5,000 students have occupied three faculty buildings since Monday staging the sit-in protest, which was gaining support from a number of other faculties. The student protest was the largest in a series of anti-communist rallies that began last week demanding Milosevic's resignation. The weekend protests condemned Milosevic for Serbia's involvement in war in neighboring Bosnia-Hercegovina and for a disastrous economic situation which was worsened by U.N. sanctions imposed against the Serbian regime.
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Subject: Fierce fighting in Sarajevo threatens airport opening Date: 17 Jun 92 17:35:27 GMT SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hercegovina (UPI) -- A three-day-old truce in Bosnia- Hercegovina was shattered Wednesday as Serb forces blasted Sarajevo with artillery and anti-aircraft fire and fought street clashes with the republic's defense forces. Witnesses said at least four people were killed and 10 injured by intense shellfire loosed by Serbian Democratic Party gunners into Airport Colony, an already badly damaged townhouse settlement in the capital. The renewed fighting threatned U.N. efforts to reopen Butmir Airport to international humanitarian aid, officials said. Canadian Gen. Lewis MacKenzie, deputy commander of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) for neighboring Croatia, said, ``The truce has been seriously violated, which endangers the implementation of the airport agreement. ``It would be easiest to give up and say the agreement has been broken, but it would be irresponsible.'' However, MacKenzie admitted that ``there is nothing that we can do to impose the cease-fire. If the two sides want to continue fighting than better tell me when they want to stop because I don't have the ability to stop them...this is the first major hurdle in setting up the process. ``My mission here is very clear and without the cooperation of both sides it won't work,'' MacKenzie said. There were no immediate reports of casualties in other areas of the capital, convulsed by Serbian shelling and anti-aircraft fire aimed at ground positions, and street clashes between the warring factions that erupted at about 4:30 a.m. Serbian rocket, mortar, tank and artillery shells slammed into the residential Hrasno area as well as parts of the centuries-old Muslim Slav heart of the city and several massive apartment block complexes, including Dobrinja and Mojmilo, which are located near the airport. Municipal officials said Serbian fighters attempted an assault on Airport Colony. ``This is not a war anymore. Those people are animals,'' an Airport Colony resident said by telephone on the basis of anonymity. ``The whole area is in flames and smoke. They are firing on us from tank canons, from mortars and artillery.'' The fighting came on the third day of the latest truce between the republic and Yugoslav army-armed Serbian Democratic Party militias fighting to rip a self-declared Serbian state out of the newly independent republic. Adnan Abdul Razak, a spokesman for the U.N. Protection Force mission, said that U.N. officials contacted both sides and were able to reinstall relative calm across much of the embattled capital after almost four hours of serious violence. ``We brokered a cease-fire again. The fighting has slowed, but from time to time there are intermittent shots,'' he said. In Belgrade, Cedric Thornberry, the Protection Force civil affairs chief, said that once the accord on relocating Serbian heavy weapons from the airport was signed, U.N. officials hoped to begin deploying the first members of a military observer contingent that will monitor a cease-fire around the facility. ``We may be moving people into the airport today,'' he said. ``We are bashing on regardless.'' Razak said a convoy carrying 60 members of the U.N. military observer contingent that departed from Belgrade on Tuesday stopped overnight for safety reasons at the former Yugoslav army base in the Sarajevo suburb of Lukavica. The warring factions earlier this month agreed to a plan under which the Serb-held facility would be transferred to U.N. control for flights of humanitarian aid needed to stave off mass starvation among the estimated 300,000 Muslim Slavs, Serbs and Croats trapped in Sarajevo by a two-month-old Serbian blockade. The U.N. Security Council has authorized the deployment of a 1,000- member force of soldiers and military observers in the area around the facility once a firm truce takes hold. In addition to monitoring the truce and the removal of Serbian heavy weaponry, the military observers are to oversee the transfer of the facility to U.N. force and the distribution of humanitarian aid supplies across the city along specially designated corridors. Serbian guerrillas on the border between Bosnia-Hercegovina and Serbia on Tuesday refused entry to several dozen foreign correspondents accompanying the U.N. convoy carrying the military observers. Seventeen trucks that the private French aid group, Equilibre, tried to send to Sarajevo with food and medicines were also halted. In a related development, Razak said that a foreign photojournalist was killed and another injured by Serbian tank fire Tuesday after the pair managed to slip into the beseiged Dobrinja apartment complex on the western fringe of Sarajevo. The dead photographer was a Slovene, identified by the Serbian Democratic Party's news agency, Srna, as Evo Stendeker of the Ljubljana- based weekly newspaper, Mladina. He was the second foreign newsperson killed in Sarajevo since the Serbian Democratic Party unleashed its territorial conquests in late March in advance of international recognition of Bosnia-Hercegovina's independence from the wreckage of Yugoslavia. The wounded photojournalist was Jana Schneider, an American actress- turned-photographer who has appeared in Broadway productions and who also has sung professionally for Elektra and Atlantic records. Both journalists were ``kidnapped'' at a barricade by Serbian guerrillas as they were being rushed out of Dobrinja to a downtown hospital, and they were taken to Pale, the main Serbian Democratic Party stronghold east of Sarajevo, Razak said. He said Stendeker died of massive internal bleeding on Tuesday night. Razak said he talked by telephone with Schneider, who told him her injuries were not severe. Serbian Democratic Party forces are seeking to capture a self- declared Serbian state that their leaders proclaimed on 70 percent of the republic, even though Serbs account for only 31 percent of the 4.3 million residents. The 1.9 million Muslim Slavs, 750,000 Roman Catholic Croats and some of the 1.4 million Christian Orthodox Serbs favored independence for the republic. Most Serbs support their leaders' goal of merging the self-declared Serbian state to the Serb-dominated rump Yugoslav federation forged by communist-ruled Serbia and its tiny protege, Montenegro, on April 27. An estimated 6,000 people have been killed and over 22,000 injured in the war, which has driven more than 1.3 million residents from their homes.
novine.40 fric,
Iz najnovijeg broja Vremena : NEKAD I SAD "Vreme" objavljuje faksimil pisma Dobrice Ćosića iz novembra 1990. u kome, jednome od onih koji su ga savetovali da se kandiduje na tada aktuelnim izborima za predsednika Srbije, obrazlaže zašto se toga ne može prihvatiti: (sledi faksimil) Svesrdno Vam se zahvaljujem na uvažavanju moje ličnosti i mog rada. Vaš, i ne samo Vaš, predlog da se kandidujem za pred- sednika Republike Srbije ne mogu da prihvatim iz dubokog uverenja da ja svome narodu najuspešnije i najkorisnije mogu da služim kao pisac. Nisam ubeđen da imam sposobnosti da vršim funkciju za koju su u ovim vremenima nepohodna svojstva koja ja nemam. Moramo birati mlađe i ljude spremne da sav svoj život ulože u traženje izlaza iz ćor-sokaka u kome smo se našli. Najgori izbor će biti ako to bude čovek koji se bori za vlast i koji zastupa neku regre- sivnu ideologiju koja obnavlja građanski rat i vuče Srbiju sve dalje od savremenih evropskih tokova. Ja, naravno, jesam dužnik Srbiji; ali ona od mene može da očekuje samo ono što ja imam i mogu da joj dajem. I to ću činiti dok sam živ. Srdačno vas pozdravlja 12. XI 1990. Dobrica Ćosić
novine.41 mensi,
>From daemon Sun Jun 21 00:51:57 1992 Date: Sat, 20 Jun 92 16:04:29 -0400 From: (Dimitrije Stamenovic) Message-Id: <> To:, Subject: Akcija podrske stdentima 2 Postovani citaoci, Ovo je drugi dan akcije prikupljanja potpisa podrske studentima demonstrantima u Beogradu. Akcija tece paralelno na mrezama SIEM, SII i JUGO (pirot@buengc). Pismo podrske napisali su gg. Stanislav Markovic i Predrag Neskovic dato je na kraju ove poruke zajedno sa listom dosadasnjih potpisnika. Prikupljanje potpisa trajace do ponedeljka u ponoc, 22. juna 1992. Citaoci mreza SII i JUGO mogu poslati svoje potpise na adresu Citaoci mreze SIEM dobice obavestenja od g. Stanislava Markovica. Delujte odmah! Obavestite svoje prijatelje i rodjake sirom sveta i zamolite ih za podrsku. Podrsku mogu dati i oni koji nisu gradjani Srbije niti su srpskog porekla. Podrska je znacajna jer parira "brojnim telegramima podrske koje g. Milosevicu svakodnevno salju radnici, seljaci i postena inteligencija". Nemojte da oklevate sa davanjem podrske zbog straha od mogucih represalija koje bi rezim mogao da preduzme protiv vas ili vasih bliznjih. Strah samo hrabri nitkove, a demokratija se ne radja u Nemojte da oklevate zbog bojazni da se ovim protest narusava jedinstvo Srba. To jedinstvo niti moze niti sme da se svede na svrstavanje svih Srba iza politike vladajuceg rezima. Stavise, politicka uskogrudost i iskljucivost tog rezima postale su okosnica razdora medju Srbima. Srdacan pozdrav, Dimitrije Stamenovic PS.: Pismo i potpisi podrske slede. ************************************************************************* STUDENTIMA UNIVERZITETA U BEOGRADU Dragi prijatelji, Tesko da je Srbija ikada do sada bila tako usamljena i prezrena. Nas narod je osramocen i ponizen, bez ijednog prijatelja i reci podrske. Odgovornost za takav polozaj Srbije i njen ugled u svetu snosi srpsko rukovodstvo na celu sa Slobodanom Milosevicem. Odgovornost za postojanje i opstanak tog rukovodstva snosi srpski narod. Protiv tog polozaja Srbije i srpskog naroda, protiv takvog rukovodstva, vi, studenti Beogradskog Univerziteta digli ste svoj glas. Vas gradjanski i patriotski cin je vesnik budjenja i osvescivanja Srbije, vesnik promena koje su neminovne. Vremena je ostalo malo. Verujemo u vas i nadamo se da ce srpski narod, bez pomoci sa strane, uspeti da se izbori za svoju slobodu i dostojanstvo. Izdrzite! Svim srcem smo uz vas i dajemo vam nasu najiskreniju i bezrezervnu podrsku. Dragan Vukotic, University of Michigan Stanislav Markovic, Department of Computer Science, Brown University Predrag Neskovic, Department of Physics, Brown University Djordje Tomasevic, University of Michigan Zagorka Gaeta, University of Rochester Dimitrije Stamenovic, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University Eva Stamenovic, School of Public Health, Harvard University Marko Stamenovic, Devotion School Ljubomir Citkusev, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University Ljubomir Buturovic, BioMolecular Engineering Research Center, Boston University Rusko Matulic, CADDY Bulletin, New Jersey Dragan Curcija, Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Massachusetts Ljiljana Curcija, Department of Nutrition, University of Massachusetts Aleksandar Totic, University of Illinois Ljiljana Ivezic, Carnegie Mellon University Mirko Paskota, Department of Mathematics, University of Western Australia Miroslav Martinovic, New York University Ana Marjanovic-Shane, Philadelphia Vukica Srajer, University of Chicago Dragan Cvetkovic, University of Saarbruecken Mirjana Starcevic, Department of Computer Science, Vrije University-Amsterdam Marko Ledvij, Iowa State University Drago Stankovic, Allied Geophysical Laboratories, University of Houston Radisav Vidic, University of Cincinnati Sinisa Maravic, Boston Jasna Fejzo, Department of Biochemistry, Harvard University Vladan Lucic, Department of Physics, Northeastern University Paul M. Foster, Columbia University
novine.42 mensi,
Š*ń8From skerl Tue Jun 23 11:04:56 1992 Flags: 000000000001 Return-Path: <skerl> Received: by (AA03522); Tue, 23 Jun 92 11:04:45 +0200 From: Vesna Skerl <skerl> Message-Id: <> Subject: Zavrsna lista podrske studentima (citaoci SII i JUGO) (fwd) │To: konst (Miroslav Konstantinovic) Date: Tue, 23 Jun 92 11:04:44 MET DST Cc: X-Mailer: ELM [version 2.3 PL11] Forwarded message: >From daemon Tue Jun 23 11:03:31 1992 Date: Tue, 23 Jun 92 03:17:03 -0400 From: (Dimitrije Stamenovic) Message-Id: <> To:, Subject: Zavrsna lista podrske studentima (citaoci SII i JUGO) Postovani citaoci, Ovo je zavrsna lista potpisnika podrske studentima demonstrantima u Beogradu sa mreza SII i JUGO (pirot@buengc). Pismo podrske napisali su gg. Stanislav Markovic i Predrag Neskovic dato je na kraju ove poruke zajedno sa listom dosadasnjih potpisnika. Prikupljanje potpisa obavljeno je paralelno na mrezama SIEM, SII i JUGO. Srdacan pozdrav, Dimitrije Stamenovic PS.: Pismo i potpisi podrske slede. ************************************************************************* STUDENTIMA UNIVERZITETA U BEOGRADU Dragi prijatelji, Tesko da je Srbija ikada do sada bila tako usamljena i prezrena. Nas narod je osramocen i ponizen, bez ijednog prijatelja i reci podrske. Odgovornost za takav polozaj SrbÚjw i njen ugled u svetu snosi srpsko rukovodstvo na celu sa Slobodanom Milosevicem. Odgovornost za postojanje i opstanak tog rukovodstva snosi srpski narod. Protiv tog polozaja Srbije i srpskog naroda, protiv takvog rukovodstva, vi, studenti Beogradskog Univerziteta digliÉ;te svoj glas. Vas gradjanski i patriotski cin je vesnik budjenja i osvescivanja Srbije, vesnik promena koje su neminovne. Vremena je ostalo malo. Verujemo u vas i nadamo se da ce srpski narod, sopstvenim snagama, uspeti da se izbori za svoju slobodu i dostojanstvo. Izdrzite! Svim srcem smo uz vas i dajemo vam nasu najiskreniju i bezrezervnu podrsku. Dragan Vukotic, University of Michigan Stanislav Markovic, Department of Computer Science, Brown University Predrag Neskovic, Department of Physics, Brown University Djordje Tomasevic, Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Michigan Zagorka Gaeta, University of Rochester Dimitrije Stamenovic, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University Eva Stamenovic, School of Public Health, Harvard University Marko Stamenovic, Devotion School─ÎôLjubomir Citkusev, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University Branislav Kecman, California Institute of Technology Ljubomir Buturovic, BioMolecular Engineering Research Center, Boston University Rusko Matulic, CADDY Bulletin, New Jersey Dragan Curcija, Mechanical Engineering Department, Univeo#Ňty`Ć│0MaŃsaŠÚ╗!Y]ŁžLjiljana Curcija, Department of Nutrition, University of Massachusetts Aleksandar Totic, University of Illinois Mirko Paskota, Department of Mathematics, University of Western Australia Miroslav Martinovic, New York University Ana Marjanovic-Shane, Philadelphia Vukica Srajer, University of Chicago Dragan Cvetkovic, University of Saarbruecken Mirjana Starcevic, Department of Computer Science, Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam Marko Ledvij, Iowa State University Drago Stankovic, Allied Geophysical Laboratories, University of Houston Sinisa Maravic, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston Jasna Fejzo, Department of Biochemistry, Harvard University Vladan Lucic, Department of Physics, Northeastern University Paul M. Foster, Columbia University Ljiljana Ivezic, Pittsburgh Nenad Ivezic, Carnegie Mellon University Vladimir Likic, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota Raka Levi, Doble Engineering Company, Watertown, Massachusetts Tatjana Levi, Department of Genetics, Harvard University Mia Levi, Devotion School Dragoljub Kosanovic, Mechanical Engineering Dept., University of Massachusetts Vladimir Matijasevic, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands Milena Rozenblat, Melbourne Boris Rozenblat, Melbourne Savica Dragic, Melbourne Velimir Dragic, Melbourne Dragomir Davidovic, Johns Hopkins University Igor Kaljevic, Carnegie Mellon University Marija Cubric, Concordia University, Montreal Milan Vatovec, Oregon State University Nikola Malenovic, Department of Computer Science, University of Norh Dakota Stenli Mint, Physics Department, Boston University Jasna Mrkic, Department of Electrical Engineering, Texas A&M University Aleksandar Orlovic, Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University Dejan Skala, Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M UniversHń_├Nenad Kuraica, Los Angeles Sinisa Mesarovic,"h┬rvard`UniţersËt^├Bozidar Stojadinovic, University of California, Berkeley Vesna Dimitrijevic-Kelleher, Cambridge, Massachusetts William Kelleher, Cambridge, Massachusetts Aleksandar Nikolic sa porodicom, Rose Bay, Australia Zorica Budic, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Goran Matijasevic, University of California at Irvine Zoran Novakovic, USA Tatajana Novakovic-Agopian, California School of Professional Psychology Aram Agopian, California, USA Milorad Popovic, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia Bogdan Kosanovic, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh Rade Hajdin, Cirih Vladan Curcic, Cirih Jelena Godjeve#ľ Lozana Danko Stipic, CEFRIEL, Politecnico di Milano Ozren Pezo, CEFRIEL, Politecnico di Milano Antonio Iera, CEFRIEL, Politecnico di Milano Elisabetta Di Nitto, CEFRIEL, Politecnico di Milano Enzo Tombolini, CEFRIEL, Politecnico di Milano Andrea Veca, CEFRIEL, Politecnico di Milano Attila Jurecska, CEFRIEL, Politecnico di Milano Csaba So'lyom, CEFRIEL, Politecnico di Milano Vesna Skerl, ICGEB, Trieste Miroslav Konstantinovic, Beograd, trenutno u USA Ljiljana Caldovic, University of Minnesota Ivan Brukner, European Molecular Biology Organization, Heidelberg Maja Krajinovic, European Molecular Biology Organization, Heidelberg Mirjana Borisavljevic, Universiteit van Amsterdam Zoran Petric, Universiteit van Amsterdam Vladimir Glisin, Trieste Miroslava Glisin, Trieste Bojana Glisin, Trieste Zoran Despot, Cirih Milorad Sucur, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Doris Skopac, Trieste Miroslav Filipovic, Department of Astrophysics, UWS-Australia Ivana Magovcevic, Harvard Medical School Mariola Magovcevic, Beograd, trenutno u USA Tanja Pesic, Rice University Sanja Pesic, Beograd, trenutno u USA Slavoljub Susic, ICGEB, Trieste Aleksandar Nikolic, Pittsburgh Radovan Mirkovic, Pittsburgh Teun Koetsier, Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam Borislav Agapiev, Intel Corporation Tamara Ast, School of Pharmacy, University of London Drago Indjic, Imperial College, London Marlena Schoenberg, Harvard Medical School Zoran Fejzo, Northeastern University Dragica Mijailovic, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Srboljub Mijailovic, Harvard School of Public Health Djordje Boskov, University of Arizona Ivan Tesic, Hartwick College Stevan Stevanovic, Hartwick College Marina Mihailova, Hartwick College Chris Miller, Hartwick College ─Chris Kuroy, Hartwick College Maja Krzic, Department of Agronomy, University of Nebraska Ljiljana Vesic-Petrovik, Texas A&M University Sava Krstic, Department of Mathematics, Cornell University Nenad Nedeljkovic, Department of Computer Science, Oregon State University Miroslava Jankovic, Washington University St. Louis Mrdjan Jankovic, Washington University St. Louis Natasa Kovacevic, California I×sËitute`Ć│0Te├jÂőŰŰV5Boban Velickovic, Mathematics Department, York University Toronto Renata Dmowska, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University Tomislav Longinovic, University of Wisconsin-Medison Marko Zivkovic, Department of Anthropology, The University of Chicago Ljubomir Perkovic, Carnegie Mellon University Joel M. Halpern, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst Zoran Duric, University of Maryland Bora Zivkovic, Triton Stables, Releigh, North Carolina Nada Petrovic-Djordjevic, The University of Chicago Milos Djordjevic, Regenstein Library, The University of Chicago Amy E. Tyler, University of Arizona Andjelko Basic, Washington University St. Louis Aleksandar Stankovic, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sonja Glavaski, California Institute of Technology Vladan Djakovic, Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Djordje Brujic, University of Surrey Vladimir Dimitrijevic, Youngstown State University Ivan Mirkovic, University of Massachusetts Jelena Milic-Foster, Andersen Consulting, New York City Djordje Cubric, McGill University, Montreal Tanja Todorovic, University of Southern California, Los Angeles Dushan Drakulich, Philadelphia Zoran Maricevic, Syracuse University Dragan Arsic, University of Wisconsin-Riverside Neil Gray, University of Cardif Kim Chu Wu, North Corea Nenad Jovanovic, Sydney College Kamlesh Prakash, Fiji JannetLXYľUŇ ć*őškąů5Ceda Skoric sa porodicom, Australia Milic Mladenovic, Australia Zoran Mitic, Sydney Aleksa Kocic, Sydney Ljubisa Polovina, Perth Milan Kovacevic, University of California Los Angeles
novine.43 .bale.,
UNITED NATIONS (UPI) -- The U.N. Security Council authorized the deployment of U.N. troops and technicians Monday to take over the besieged Sarajevo airport and to open it to humanitarian aid flights. The council voted 15-0 to deploy the 1,100 infantrymen and air traffic technicians after Secretary-General Boutros Ghali reported that ``considerable progress has been made towards the assumption by the U.N. Protection Force of responsibility of the airport.'' Ghali said Serbian forces have withdrawn from the vicinity of the airport and the opposing forces have begun the process of concentrating their heavy weaponry in locations under the U.N. supfPvision. Last Friday, Ghali gave Serbian forces 48 hours to withdraw their weapons from the airport and put them under U.N. control. He warned that the Security Council would take ``other means'' if the Serbs failed to meet the deadline. Ghali's assessment of the fast-developing situation in and around the Sarajevo airport was made orally to the 15-nation Security Council by the undersecretary-general for peacekeeping operations, Marrack Goulding. The secretary-general currently is visiting West Africa where he will attend this week's summit meeting of the Organization of African Unity. ``I request the council to grant the deploy the additional elements of UNPROFOR necessary to secure the airport and make it operational,'' Ghali said. After receiving the authorization, Ghali said he will instruct UNPROFOR commander, Indian Gen. Sadish Nambiar, to redeploy the Canadian battalion located at present in the western sector of Croatia and will ask France to provide technicians for manning the air traffic control tower at the airport. The Canadian battalion would return to its former position in Croatia after three smaller battalions, to be provided by other countries, would be sent to Sarajevo airport. UNPROFOR was set up earlier this year to protect Serb minorities in Croatia following the civil war in that former Yugoslav republic. The war spreaded to Bosnia-Hercegovina as the Yugoslav federation collapsed into separate and independent states. Ghali also called on the Security Council to urge the warring parties in Bosnia-Hercegovina to make the cease-fire ``absolute.'' ``In view of the pattern of fighting that has been evident in recent days in Srajevo, I would request the council to join me in appealing to the presidency of the government of Bosnia-Hercegovina to exercise the utmost restraint in this situation, and in particular not to seek any military advantage from the Serb withdrawal from the airport today,'' he said. ``It is important that the humanitarian objectives of this UNPROFOR action be kept firmly in mind by all parties,'' he said. Ghali asked governments that have planned to send humanitarian flights to Sarajevo to wait until the airport is fully under the control of the United Nations and heavy weapons have been placed under U.N. supervision. The Security Council held a private session Monday morning to consider a draft resolution submitted by France following President Francois Mitterrand's daring six-hour visit to Sarajevo on Sunday. It then proceeded to a formal meeting to adopt the resolution. The resolution authorized the deployment of the additional troops to ``ensure the security and functioning of Sarajevo airport and the delivery of humanitarian assistance'' to the capital's 300,000 residents. But it warned that if the warring parties failed to cooperate with the U.N. force, ``other measures'' to deliver humanitarian aid would be considered. BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- Communist President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia Monday offered to hold talks with leaders of an opposition movement for his ouster, but thousands of protesters blocking a major Belgrade street for a second day angrily rejected the idea with chants of ``Resignation, resignation.'' Leaders of the Democratic Movement of Serbia coalition, which favors the restoration of the monarchy under Prince Alexander Karadjodjevic, and other opposition parties, met separately with Milosevic, his prime minister, Radovan Bozovic, and other regime officials to present their demands. The demands include the resignation of Milosevic and his regime, the formation of a multi-party ``government of national salvation,'' and the holding of elections for an assembly that would draft a new constitution for what was the largest of the six republics of the defunct Yugoslav federation. Ljubomir Simovic, a dissident member of the regime-controlled Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, reported on the session with Milosevic to some 8,000 protesters massed for a second day before the federal Parliament on Revolution Boulevard in a demonstration called by the Democratic Movement of Serbia. Simovic said that Milosevic ``accepts talks on forming a roundtable'' with opposition leaders for discussions on the crisis in Serbia brought by his support for the Serbian revolts in Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina and the resulting economic catastrophe deepened by punitive U.N. sanctions imposed on May 30. Simovic also said that Milosevic only accepted ``a test of his presidential mandate through elections. The replies to our demands he will give when he studies them.'' But, the protesters jeered at Milosevic's proposals, and began chanting ``resignation, resignation.'' Nikola Tasic, another member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts, told the crowd that he was not ``fully satisfied'' with the meeting, adding that he believed Milosevic was playing a waiting game. ``Again it is a question of delay. But, Serbia does not have time,'' he said. There were serious questions, however, over what steps the opposition might chose next in their campaign as they have failed to mobilize the massive numbers of protesters they previously acknowledged they would need to force him to resign. Meanwhile, thousands of Belgrade University students remained in occupation of three downtown campus buildings on the 15th day of a strike called to press the demands for Milosevic's ouster. The demands have been gain ground among Serbs weary of war and economic chaos, including skyrocketing inflation and gasoline rationing forced by a ban on petroleum sales to Serbia under the U.N. sanctions imposed on it and its tiny dependent, Montenegro, for their roles in the carnage in Bosnia-Hercegovina. Anti-Milosevic forces received a boost from the return to Serbia this weekend of Karadjordjevic, who sees himself as a rallying point for the disparate opposition parties and wants to oversee the creation of a parliamentary monarchy.
novine.44 .bale.,
***************************************************************************** Ex-Yugoslavia NOW FOR GREATER CROATIA The Economist, June 27 - July 3, 1992, pp. 61-62 ***************************************************************************** THERE used to be a television series called "The man from UNCLE", about men who fought for justice and triumphed over the baddies. As besieged Sarajevo starves, theggle valiantly to reopen its airport - an objective that looked more hopeful after an agreement of June 25th. But is Uncle waiting in the wings? As desperate rumor has been sweeping Bosnia's capital: a famous general from Croatia known only by his *nom de guerre*, Uncle, is ready to free the city. If he exists, Uncle is unlikely to be benevolent. One year after war began to rip Yugoslavia apart, Croatia is no longer the poor underdog. It is aserting its power. Serb and Croat leaders have discussed partitioning Bosnia at several meetings over the past year. Serbs, 31% of Bosnia's population, claim 65% of its territory. Croats, 17% of the population, plausibly say they now control 30% of the country. If so, the poorly armed Muslims, 44% of the population, are to be left in charge of just 5% of the land. Despite a desparate "defence pact" between Bosnian Muslims and Croatia, the supposed allies have already clashed over efforts by Bosnian Croats to impose their authority in mainly Muslim areas. Bosnian Croats, aided by men and arms from Croatia, have begun to turn defeats into victories. Local Serbs, now abandoned by the Yugoslav army, have proved less able to hold territory. Croat forces recently broke the Serb siege of Mostar in Bosnia and are smashing the Serb lines of communications to the Serb enclaves in Croatia itself. Croat artilery is rumoured to have been moved within range of the Serb forces that have been pounding Sarajevo. But Mate Boban, a senior Bosnian Croat leader, says that his men will not be hurrying to free Sarajevo. They have other things to do: consolidate the Croat fief in Bosnia and firmly link the north of the country to the south, cutting the Serbs' east-west link. One UN official says: "The Croats sense their enemy is down and bleeding ... they are euphoric." As the meagre UN peackeeping force begins to take control of Krajina, the main Serbian enclave in Croatia, the Croats have shelled its capital, Knin. Even more worrying for UNPROFOR are Croat advances into a swathe of territory around the part of Krajina from which Serb forces are supposed to retreat. The areas, which appear to have been an awful oversight in the original peace plan, now threaten to scuper the whole mission. The Serbs fear massacers unless the UN takes the control of these areas. The Croats say they will take the areas by force unless Serbs give them up. The war in Bosnia is inextricably intertwined with the struggle in Croatia. The Croats have always said they would fight for the territory lost to the Serbs if the UN did not retrieve for them. With international opprobium focused on Serbia, the Croats are grabbing as much as they can in Bosnia. If Bosnia goes under, Greater Croatia will rub shoulders with Greater Serbia.
novine.46 dvidovic,
>>> Po mojim licnim iskustvima 486-33 + Weitek 4167 radi u >>> TOPASu i 3DStudio 2.0 nekih 60% posto brze nego kada >>> koristim "obican" koprocesor integrisan u 80486 > procesor. > > To je moguce jedino ako ti sa Weitek-om rade u 32-bit > protected modu, a sa "487" u real modu. Auu Bojte, al' ti se zdud'o sor. Vladina poruka iz Pc.Harda kod tebe odgovor Dejanu u Forumu. Mashala! :) Pozdrav Dule
novine.47 bojt,
>> Auu Bojte, al' ti se zdud'o sor. Vladina poruka iz Pc.Harda >> kod tebe odgovor Dejanu u Forumu. Mashala! :) Nije sor, već ja (ne koristim sor). Šta ću kad sam počeo automatski da kucam co o fo, co rep... ;)
novine.48 squsovac,
Sutra bi na sednici Vlade trebalo da se raspravlja o podržavljenju novinske kuće politika. Ovu info je B92 saznao danas a ovi iz poolitike nisu imali pojma. Uglavnom, Radoman pokušava da obuzda politikinu kuću. žuo sam da je javno rekao da mu "najveći problem predstavlja novina koju je uzela opozicija i tv kanal sa nekakvom hrvatskom emisijom koju tri puta reprizira i zbog kohje niko živ ne gkleda dnevnik".
novine.49 iboris,
Ł pojma. Uglavnom, Radoman pokusava da obuzda politikinu kucu. Cuo sam Ł da je javno rekao da mu "najveci problem predstavlja novina koju je Ł uzela opozicija i tv kanal sa nekakvom hrvatskom emisijom koju tri Ł puta reprizira i zbog kohje niko ziv ne gkleda dnevnik". :)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))) Da nije zalosno bilo bi smesno. Ali ja sam se ionako pokidao od smeha. Zar je covek ubedjen da mu mnogo ljudi i ovako gleda dnevnik ? Pozdrav, Boris
novine.50 drami,
Onda je pretvaranje NIP Politika u deonicarsko drustvo vervatno prvi korak u njenom obuzdavanju jer je jasno ko u ova vremena moze otkupiti dovoljan broj deonica koje ce mu omoguciti upravljanje.
novine.51 squsovac,
> Onda je pretvaranje NIP Politika u deonicarsko drustvo vervatno prvi korak > u njenom obuzdavanju jer je jasno ko u ova vremena moze otkupiti dovoljan > broj deonica koje ce mu omoguciti upravljanje. Darko Ribnikar (koji je trenutno u Parizu) dobio je 35% akcija koje pripadaju porodici osnivača, tj naslednicima.
novine.52 squsovac,
"Novi Danas", br.2 6.srpnja 1992. (...) Mi ćemo pozvati građane Hrvatske, srpske nacionalnosti, da izađu na izbore kako bi pridonijeli daljnjoj demokratizaciji i stabilizaciji hrvatskog društva. S tim što sami nećemo imati svoje kandidate, već ćemo preporučiti građanima srpske nacionalnosti da glasaju za one političke stranke i one predsjedničke kandidate za koje vjeruju da imaju najviše snage i odgovornosti, političke zrelosti i najbolji politički program da bi se moglo što prije i uz što manje stresova nastaviti demokratizaciju političkog života u Hrvatskoj. Nas ne zanimaju toliko srpski predstavnici u Saboru jer znamo da u ovoj situaciji oni ne mogu gotovo ništa uraditi ako ne postoji adekvatna većina koja će imati sluha za manjinska pitanja i koja će uvažavati manjinske stavove." Pored ovoga, novi danas se uglavnom bavi situacijom u Bosanskoj posavini, iznošeći zanimljivo obrazložene konstatacije da je reč o sporazumu Srba i Hrvata po sistemu mi vama posavinu - vi nama do Neretve. ******************** "Cover story" broja su hrvatski izbori. "Što će odlučiti pobjednika?", naslov je zanimljivog članka Jelene Lovrić. Najvažnije: Birači još nisu bitnije izmijenili svoj politički stav, pa zato i ne može biti nekih značajnijih velikih promjena. Takođe je zanimljiv slučaj "izdavanja domovnica". Do sada je, tvrdi "Novi Danas", izdano tek oko 60% domovnica, a to može biti indikativno". "žini mi se da oporbenjake (opoziciju) više zanima tko će biti novi Tuđman, nego kako da ode stari". (Danko Plevnik, kolumnista Novog Danasa, kolumna: Mjera za mjeru. ******************** Kome izborni blagoslov? (naslov članka Luke Vincetića) Crkva u Hrvata treba biti na oprezu: "privilegirani" se hoće umiliti, otvoreno ili tepanjem, ali svakako u njena kola. Crkvi se u prošlim izborima dogodio "gaf" da je stala, uglavnom, uz HDZ, pa mnogi npr. liberal još danas mora dokazivati da i on može biti "i dobar Hrvat i dobar katolik". ******************** Intervju - Zdravko Tomac, ex. potpr. Vlade, sada ambasador u Sloveniji. Govori se o sve izvesnijim sankcijama protiv Hrvatske. "Bio sam pogodjen jednom rečenicom predsjednika koja se mogla protumačiti tako da su sada najveći problem za Hrvatsku neke izjave i da meltene zbog onoga što se radi, Hrvatskoj prijete sankcije. ******************** Kadrovi i napredovanja - o hrvatskim novim doplomatama. Danas saznaje da se Hrvatska polako odriče nekadašnjih jugo diplomata, tj da vladajući HDZ sve više uvlači svoje ljude u diplomatiju. ******************** Intervju Milan Kučan: NISAM ZA VOJNU INTERVENCIJU U intervjuu je pokazano da je oficijelna Slovenija ipak ostala daleko umerenija od službene Hrvatske. Nisam za vojnu intervenciju. Ona bi ipak stvorila alibi beogradskoj politici, jer bi faktičku kapitulaciju pred svojom javnošću obrazložila nemogućnosšću da se bori s ratnom snagom čitavog svijeta. To ne bi morala kapitulacija pred vlastitim narodom. ******************** AMNESTIJA: Smije li Hrvatska na zahtjev UN baciti spisak s imenima desetak tisuća optuženih za pobunu i ratne zločine protiv civilnog stanovništva? ******************** Na Prevlaku iz zaleđa - Prevlaka će postati dostupan zalogaj kada se u dubini dosegne crnogorska granica, kada i crnogorska mjesta budu u radijusu hrvatskog naoružanja te kada sankcije počnu davati rezultate. Ovaj članak inače, daleko je realniji i normalniji od ratno huškačkih iz Globusa, na primer. Naime, Teodor Geršak sasvim jasno obrazlaže taktiku HV da se na prevlaku ne može stići "s mora" ni "pored mora", jer su tu jake snage VJ. Za razl. od toga tzv "vojska Hercegovine" (ili tako nekako) daleko je slabija i HV (to je činjenica, čak i ovde, u Bgd-u) napreduje sve više i više. žlanak izvrstan. Na žalost Crnogoraca ;>> ******************** Kolumna Mirko Kovač Uporedjuje Ćosića i Havela. Naime kaže oficijelan Srbija talnonajavljuje eto našeg havela, a Havela nigde. Najpre je "havel bio" Vuk, pa Matija, pa Brnja Crnja, a sad Dobrica. "Ćosić kao neka ženturača nariče samo nad srpskom patnjom, dok Havel ne deli patnju po nacijama. Sa susednim državama Havel razmenjuje iskustva i akpital, a Ćosić stanovništvo." ******************** Nedavno je u Vjesniku obavljen razgovor s dr Milicom Mihaljević, doktorom računalnog nazivlja iz Zavoda za hrvatski jezik u Zagrebu, naravno o hrvatskim nazivima za predmete iz kompjutorskoga svijeta. Izdvajamo nekoliko jezikolomljivih naziva za naše kompjutoraše ili računalce: adapter - prilagođivač - pretvornik assembler - sakupljač - zbirnik chip - integralni sklop - sklopnjak display - pokazivač - predočnik hard disk - kruti disk - čvrsnik hardware - očvrsje - sklopovlje joystick - palica za igru - svesmjer pointer - pokazivač - kazaljka printer - štampač - ispisivalo software - programska podrška - napudbina utility program - servisni program - uslužnik Prije dvije godine počelo je s hrvatskom ukrudbom (erekcija), ali, čini se da svakoga dana u svakom pogledu sve više napredujemo". ******************** Dalje se malo kolju sa Slovencima oko trgovinskog deficita (Hrvatske), pa se ponovo bave diplomatijom (zšto čistke), itd Zanimljiv je intervju sa Gillesom Martinetom, "novinarom i ambasadorom, bliskim prijateljem Francoisa Mitterranda, o donedavnoj prosrpskoj politici u Francuskoj, manjinskim pravima i pokušaju gušenja slobode medija u Hrvatskoj. Najznačajniji je deo gde Martinet objašnjava okretanje Francuske od "prosrpske" do neutralne politike. Kaže, bili smo prijatelji i pre, dugo je vladalo mišljenje "Šta je za Nemačku dobro - za Francusku je loše, zato su Francuzi želeli jasno da podrže Srbiju, spram Slo & CRO koje je gurala Nemačka... "Moram priznati da sam i sam bio iznenadjen u kojoj je mjeri u Francuskoj prevladavlo prosrpsko raspoloženje."... Kada su birali dobrovoljce za plave šlemove pitali su ih zašto idu, odgovorili su da se "bore za Srbe". Zašto? "Srbi su naši prijatelji, bili su naši saveztnici, aHrvati su naši neprijatelji." Martinet dalje objašnjava kako je došlo do promene stava čak i kod samog Miterana. Kada su stigle slike iz Sarajeva.... To je sve za sada, biće ovih dana i iz ostalih listova ako 'oćete. Tek da vidite Globus ili ST.... Ipak, Novi Danas je nešto kao Vreme, samo što je u Hrvatskoj to J E D I N I nezavisni medij.
novine.53 drami,
Da ali ostaje i dalje 65% deonica a i sada nije sigurno da ce D.Ribnikar dobiti cak 35% ali sve zavisi od toga kako bi sama Politika rasporedila Úprocentualno koliko ce ko dobiti deonica a koliko ce izbaciti na trziste.Sve u svemu vlada moze i preko ljudi iz Politike koji je podrzavaju doci do dovoljnog broja deonica da bi mogla da je kontrolise.
novine.54 max.headroom,
> moze i preko ljudi iz Politike koji je podrzavaju doci do > dovoljnog broja deonica da bi mogla da je kontrolise. Sama Vlada je izjavila da je 51% deonica automatski njeno ("kupila" ;)
novine.55 drami,
Nisi pratio diskusiju od pocetka jer sam rekao da bi vlada do zeljenog broja deonica mogla da dodje cak iako se Politika pretvori u deonicarsko drustvo. To bi svakako bilo malo otezano jer Politika ne zeli da daje eksterne deonice vec samo interne koje bi mogli da kupe samo njihovi radnici i to u odredjenom procentu ali bi uz lovu koju za razliku od radnika vlada ima u dovoljnim kolicinama mogla doci do zeljenog procenta ostvarujuci svoj uticaj preko radnika koji su deonice kupili.
novine.56 jtitov,
> To bi svakako bilo malo otezano jer Politika ne zeli da > daje eksterne deonice vec samo interne koje bi mogli da > kupe samo njihovi radnici i to u odredjenom
novine.57 drami,
Lose citiras ako se neć varam objasnjenje je u daljem delu teksta a ti se bas trudis da izvlacis iz konteksta ;(
novine.58 jtitov,
> Lose citiras ako se nec varam objasnjenje je u daljem delu > teksta a ti se bas trudis da izvlacis iz konteksta ;( Ne, moja greska. Hteo sam da pitam nesto u vezi deonica, ali sam kasnije video objasnjenje u naastavku teksta. Sve je OK. Inace, poznat sam kao izvlakac iz konteksta :))
novine.59 .bale.,
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI) -- The communist-controlled assembly of Serbia Wednesday approved legislation imposing severe restrictions on public demonstrations. Critics denounced the legislation as a crackdown on civil rights aimed at impeding opposition to authoritarian President Slobodan Milosevic. Under the new law, demonstration organizers must obtain permission from local authorities five days in advance of their gatherings. Police have the power to disperse demonstrations any time they determine that protesters are ``advocating the violent overthrow of legal order, or promoting ethnic and religious hatred,'' the law said. The legislation also requires organizers to pay the costs of traffic diversions forced by protests and any property damaged when demonstrators turn violent or refuse police orders to disperse. Opposition lawmakers decried the law, arguing that it represents a further reduction of civil rights in what was the largest republic of former Yugoslavia. They also contended it was designed to obstruct an opposition movement seeking the resignation of Milosevic and his regime, who are blamed by their opponents for leading Serbia into an unprecedented economic disaster by underwriting the Serbian territorial offensives in neighboring Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina. ``The law doesn't straightforwardly ban demonstrations. But, it presents the organizers with conditions which are virtually impossible to fulfill,'' said Zoran Horvan, a member of the opposition Serbian Renewal Movement. Last month, opposition parties and Belgrade University students and professors held massive peaceful protests in the center of Belgrade to the press demands for Milosevic's resignation. The students plan to resume their demonstrations at the end of the summer vacation in August. Opposition lawmakers were easily outvoted in opposing the law by those of Milosevic's Socialist Party of Serbia, which control more then 80 percent of the 250 assembly seats.
novine.60 squsovac,
sloba jutros vratio zakon o politici.
novine.61 squsovac,
Ako je verovati Njusviku, Milošević se neće kandidovati na preds. izborima: Najnoviji broj Njusvika (03.08.1992.) na uobičajenom za to predviđenom mestu (na poslednjim stranama) donosi intervju sa Milanom Panićem. Panića je intervjuisao Majkl Mejer za vreme kratkog Panićevog boravka u L.A. kraći izvod: (...) Q: Zar Milošević ne kontroliše zemlju. On bi trebalo da prekine rat zajedno sa Tuđmanom i drugima? A: (...) Nacionalizam je gotov. On će otići u istoriju. (...) Ja imam Armiju i medj. poslove... Q: Šta ako Vas on izazove? A: God helps him... BUT HE TOLD ME THAT HE WON'T RUN IN NOVEMBER!!! (podvukao sq) Q: Tada će biti otklonjena najveća prepreka miru? A: To ste Vi rekli! (...)
novine.62 veca,
To je večeras rečeno i na NTV-u.
novine.63 kale,
Malopre sam čuo na Studiju B: Savet Bezbednosti UN usvojio rezolucije 770 i 771, prvom se dozvoljava upotreba sile u cilju obezbeđivanja dopremanja humanitarne pomoći u BIH, a drugom se dozvoljava upotreba sile u cilju sprečavanja ratnih zločina. Pisano po sećanju, ali suština je - dozvoljena upotreba sile.
novine.64 dejanr,
>> Savet Bezbednosti UN usvojio rezolucije 770 i 771, prvom se dozvoljava >> upotreba sile u cilju obezbeđivanja dopremanja humanitarne pomoći u BIH, >> a drugom se dozvoljava upotreba sile u cilju sprečavanja ratnih zločina. Nazdravlje! :(
novine.65 boco,
A šta ste očekivali kog vraga? Još Kuba i Kina i bye, bye comunism! Oću reći, boooooli njih i za genocid i za zločine i za humanitarnu pomoć... Rade oni posao koji veze nema sa tim, to je valjda jasno. Dakle, kada Savet bezbednosti zasedne da donese odluku o bacanju atomske bombe na Beograd, budite UBEĐENI da je pre toka sredstvima javnom informisanja tj, novimana, radiom i pre svega televizijom svima toliko ispran mozak, da ako se tako nešto ne uradi, narod USA i W-Europe će linčovati svoje vlade... Da ne dužim. Prepričaću pametnije od sebe (po sećanju, pa original čitao na engleskom, pa prošlo vreme, ali otprilike)... Nikada do vremena Hitlera nije upotrebljena takva propagandna snaga kojom je moguće kontrolisati velike mase, a da se izaslanici nekog vođe ne moraju fizički pojavljivati pred narodom i prenositi mišljenje... ... savremena sredstva informisanja će od mase stvoriti NEKRITIžKE izvršioce naređenja... Tolko za sad... ;-( ŢŢŢIGGYŮŮŮ
novine.66 zormi,
DIREKTNO IZ BAZE PODATAKA "WASHINGTON POST"-a & "L.A. TIMES"-a (Ako ima zainteresovanih mogu da skinem još) ================================================================ (wap) (ATTN: Foreign editors) As Sanctions Bite, Serbs Look Warily Toward Winter (Belgrade) By Peter Maass Special to The Washington Post BELGRADE _ After two months, the U.N. trade embargo against Serbia and the new Yugoslav state it controls is beginning to bite. Gasoline rationing limits motorists to about five gallons a month, and people here in the Yugoslav capital must wait in gas lines for hours. The state is virtually bankrupt, and inflation is running at a ruinous 100 percent per month. The average monthly wage is now worth less than $38, and labor union officials here say they expect that up to 80 percent of all workers will be jobless by fall. As always in times of economic crisis, it is the defenseless who suffer most. Belgrade's main hospital is so strapped for cash that it can only perform emergency surgeries. "Everything that can be delayed is delayed," said Zoaran Zivanovic, a general surgeon. "Benign tumors will wait until the end of our political problems." The city's chief psychiatric center can no longer afford costly antipsychotic medication, so patients are immobilized with straitjackets or warehoused through massive sedation. But now there is only a week's supply of sedatives left, and doctors have launched a television appeal for citizens to donate whatever tranquilizers they might have. "We are returning to the Middle Ages, unfortunately," said hospital spokesman Milica Butigec. There has been some talk of using more electro-convulsive therapy as a substitute for antipsychotic drugs, but the procedure is controversial and many doctors are reluctant to employ it. Besides, they say, pretty soon there may be a shortage of electricity and heating fuel in Belgrade, and that is what has people here worried most. The U.N. sanctions _ imposed on the two-republic Yugoslav state as punishment for its instigation of Serb aggression in neighboring Bosnia _ are far from watertight, but they have given rise to a question that seems to be on everyone's lips: Will there be enough oil when cold weather strikes? "I'm terrified about the winter," said Branka Lutic, a 72-year-old pensioner who even now can barely afford to feed herself as inflation steadily eats away at her tiny state allowance. Milorad Kalenic, who lives outside Belgrade, is trying to prepare for a harsh winter. He believes the factory he works in will be shut down by October and that no home heating fuel will be available, so he has been stockpiling wood for his fireplace, along with 130 pounds of sugar, 110 pounds of meat and 5 gallons of cooking oil. "About 80 percent of the people in my village have stocks like that," he said. The U.N. sanctions bar all imports of oil, but local production accounts for about 22 percent of all fuel needs for Serbia and its seaboard satellite, Montenegro; a good deal more is smuggled in on a massive scale. One Western diplomat here acknowledged that foreign oil is slipping through the sanctions, and he said that some Western nations are seeking to have international observers monitor all Yugoslav borders and Danube River traffic destined for Serbia. The "leakage" occurs in a a number of ways. The Danube flows through four countries west of Serbia and through two east of it, and sanctions-busting barges laden with oil or other products need only acquire false "end-user" certificates that say their cargo is destined somewhere beyond Serbia. Once in Serbian waters, the cargo can be unloaded. Diplomats say also that Serbian tanker trucks need only change their license plates to Bosnian ones and then go to a neighboring country-Hungary or Romania, for example _ to pick up a load of fuel. In addition, Belgrade-controlled firms have purportedly set up bogus subsidiaries in Bosnia and Macedonia _ neither of which is subject to the U.N. embargo _ to order and acquire petroleum products and other sanctioned commodities. Even before the U.N. sanctions were voted in June, the economies of Serbia and Montenegro were in desperate shape. The treasury had been beggared by the massive financial support needed for the Serb militia faction in the Bosnian war and, before that, for Serb insurgent forces during last year's six-month war in neighboring Croatia. Moreover, Western analysts say, Belgrade's finances had been hopelessly tangled by widspread official corruption and ineptitude under the leadership of Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, the last Marxist leader in Europe. Serbia's per capita production plummeted by $2,000 last year to $1,300, and analysts say this year should be worse. Rampant inflation means that paychecks and pensions have lost most of their purchasing value. Belgrade residents say they are cutting down on meat and other staples; cars are being stored away; government subsidies to industries, schools, hospitals and other public institutions no longer cover costs. Serbs are angry about their pauperization, but for now their target is not Milosevic, who is assiduously trying to turn economic adversity to political advantage. Day after day, state-controlled television broadcasts speeches and news programs that portray the outside world as unjustly ganging up on Serbia and hammers home the message that the suffering here is no fault of the current regime. Zoran Popov, a prominent economist here, says the strategy has even worked to the extent of allowing Milosevic to use the U.N. sanctions as an excuse for all the present economic problems. Pensioner Lutic is among those who believe the government line. She strongly supports Milosevic even though she is frightened of freezing in the winter and can no longer afford to eat decent meals on her monthly pension. Most nights, she eats potatoes, pasta or beans. "I'm a true Serb," she said. "And I'm mad that everyone is against us. They want to kill Serbia." A Western diplomat agreed that the sanctions "have tended to reinforce Milosevic" in the short term _ that and a bumper summer harvest. He added, though, that if the weather turns cold and holes in the embargo can be plugged, things could change quickly. (ATTN: Foreign editors) U.N. Human Rights Panel Opens Session on Bosnian Conflict (Geneva) By Rone Tempest (c) 1992, Los Angeles Times GENEVA _ The U.N. Human Rights Commission on Thursday opened a two-day emergency session to investigate reports of atrocities in Bosnia-Herzegovina, with U.S. and Serbian envoys trading accusations of "fascist" behavior by their respective countries. Assistant Secretary of State John R. Bolton, terming the Serbian regime in Belgrade "the last fascist state in Europe," predicted that a Bush administration proposal for a probe into human rights abuses in Bosnia would be approved by the commission Friday. Infuriated Serbian Ambassador Branko Brankovic reacted by calling for the human rights commission to "label the United States as a fascist country for what it did in Vietnam." "In this resolution we will be discussing," said Brankovic, "you have something that is contrary to basic Roman law _ that someone is innocent until proven guilty." The meeting in the U.N. Palais des Nations here opened with several hours of procedural debate among the delegates, some of whom wanted to specifically name Serbia and Montenegro as the aggressors in the fighting that has claimed thousands of lives and left an estimated 2 million people homeless. The U.S.-written draft proposal does not designate any nationality as being at fault in the conflict. Bosnian Vice President Ejup Ganic, speaking at the emergency session, presented a gruesome picture of conditions in his country. "People are decapitated and men are castrated," Ganic announced solemnly. "Women are raped and mutilated. Serbian symbols are carved on their bodies. Mass executions are routine. There are hundreds of mass graves. The Drina River is full of blood." Such rhetoric is common on all sides of the war raging in the former Yugoslavia. However, some of Ganic's strident claims were backed up Thursday by an unusually critical report from the Geneva-based International Committee of the Red Cross, the organization charged in the Geneva Conventions with inspecting refugee and prisoner-of-war camps. Normally apolitical and extremely careful to avoid making partisan judgments, the Red Cross, without naming Serbia, described what it termed "a policy of forced population transfers carried out on a massive scale and marked by the systematic use of brutality." After touring several Serbian-run detention centers in Bosnia, the Red Cross representatives said that they had "access to only a very limited number of prisoners of war, while the places of detention are crowded with innocent and terrified civilians." Bolton said that he had been assured of the support of at least 27 members of the 53-member Human Rights Commission for a U.S.-sponsored proposal to name a special U.N. human rights investigator to Bosnia, one of the former Yugoslav republics. Bolton, who is assistant secretary of state for international organizations, enraged the Serbian delegation at the meeting with a tough speech warning that Serbia and Montenegro were in danger of becoming "an international pariah, an outlaw state." "We ask the people of Serbia-Montenegro this simple question: Do they wish to go down in history as citizens of the last fascist state in Europe?" Bolton said. Serbs and Montenegrins are fiercely proud of their anti-fascist guerrilla combat on the side of the Americans during World War II. "There is nothing that more emotional to a Serb than to be called a fascist," said Serbian delegate Olga Spasik. "It's like waving a red flag in front of our face." (wap) (ATTN: Foreign editors) Serb Refugee Tells of Repression (Slunj, Croatia) By A.D. Horne (c) 1992, The Washington Post SLUNJ, Croatia _ Marta Papic and her husband, Djoko, went to the United States in 1970 to make enough money to build a house. When they returned to Croatia in 1979, they had a son and enough savings from their factory jobs in New Jersey to build it. They used their savings to build a house in a village near Karlovac, in central Croatia. But as soon as Croatia became independent in June 1991, their dream went sour. Because they are Serbs, Marta Papic said, her husband lost his job in a Karlovac shoe factory. When fighting began between Croatian forces and Serb insurgents backed by the Serb-led Yugoslav army, life in their village became harder still. At night, Marta Papic said, men drove through the village shooting at Serb houses. Their American-born son was taunted by schoolmates as a "chetnik" _ the name of a World War II Serb guerrilla group whose name is now used by Croats as a label for Serb terrorists. One day last fall, she said, a friend _ a Serb married to a Croat _ was taken to a nearby police station and shot. "When we heard that," Papic said, "we knew there was no hope for us." On Nov. 22, the Papices, with son Dejan, now 16, and daughter Daniela, 12, walked into the woods with several other Serb or mixed Serb-Croat families from their village. They rowed down the Breznica River into Serb-held territory, and, after 2 weeks in the forests, reached this town on Dec. 9.
novine.67 korvin,
>>>> (Ako ima zainteresovanih mogu da skinem još) Skidaj još !!!!
novine.68 zormi,
* >>>> (Ako ima zainteresovanih mogu da skinem još) * * Skidaj još !!!! YOU ASKED FOR IT: (ATTN: Foreign editors) (Includes optional trims) World Muslims Rally to Aid Bosnian Brothers (Cairo) By Kim Murphy (c) 1992, Los Angeles Times CAIRO, Egypt _ The newspaper photograph shows a dark-haired child with a bloody bandage around his head, his mouth open in a silent scream. "Pay a pound, save a Muslim," says the caption. "A pound from every citizen monthly will keep a nation from extermination," it adds. "God's prophet said, He who has no interest in Muslim matters is not one of them." The appeal worked. In poverty-plagued Egypt, $1.9 million in donations has poured in since the Doctors' Syndicate began its appeal last month for Muslim victims of the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Poor men have walked into the syndicate's offices and donated watches and wedding rings; one man left his wheelchair. In Saudi Arabia, King Fahd launched an aid drive with an $8 million personal contribution. Pakistan pledged $10 million. Iranians have called for dispatching Islamic troops and heavy artillery to end the bloodshed. Tens of thousands of Sudanese marched through Khartoum streets this week in support of Bosnia's Muslims. Throughout the Arab world, the reports of slaughter, captivity and torture of Muslims by Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina, where 43 percent of the population is Muslim, have played like the opening chapters of a new Holy War. It is an issue that has galvanized the Islamic community in a way that the Arab-Israeli conflict, the sanctions against Iraq and Libya, even the gulf war have not. Muslims, fanned with appeals on street banners and in the press from Islamic fundamentalist groups, want to know why the United Nations was quick to defend Kuwait but slow to try to halt the bloodshed in the former Yugoslav republic. Newspaper headlines are full of Islamic outrage. Sermons at the mosques boom out new orations against the Western response to the crisis _ or lack of it. "If those who lived in Bosnia, if the majority were of the Jewish faith, would the slaughtering be going on until now like this?" asked Adnan Omran, assistant secretary general of the Arab League. "To me, following events, reading history, knowing the mentality of leadership in the world, my answer would be no. I believe the reaction would have been different, and it would have been quicker." Similar sentiments have been raised about the United Nations' stumbles in the African nation of Somalia. "People have been saying that it's because the people of Bosnia are Muslims ... and the people in Somalia are black," said Nagui Ghatrifi, spokesman for Egypt's Foreign Ministry. "It's clear that it's not that easy to intervene by force in Yugoslavia. The situation is different from the one in the Gulf. But still there is a feeling that something is wrong with the new world order. And it's hard to believe that the world is incapable of putting an end to the killings and atrocities and the savagery which is being displayed in Yugoslavia." But many Arabs complain that the Islamic world has waited ineffectually for the United Nations and the West to act while failing to move on its own. An emergency meeting of Islamic foreign ministers in Istanbul in June condemned the Serbian aggression and called for international help to stop it; few Islamic governments have recalled their ambassadors to Belgrade or imposed independent economic sanctions. Egypt's troops in the region are limited to a humanitarian peacekeeping role. (ndy) (ATTN: Foreign editors) (Includes optional trims) Serbs Were Held Off, but Hunger Is Unsolved Problem (Tuzla) By Roy Gutman (c) 1992, Newsday TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina _ The woman was 45 and well-dressed, but she had gone so long without food when she appeared outside the modest office of the Red Crescent charity earlier this month that she could not even sit up. She asked only for a glass of water with sugar. The staff noted signs of shock and called an ambulance, but the doctor was unable to assist her because the hospital had run out of intravenous fluid. "I gave her my own breakfast, a slice of bread and a tomato," said Nejira Nalic, a Red Crescent employee. "Then we let her go. We could do nothing for her." The woman, whose fate is unknown, is just one of thousands of victims of a severe shortage of food and medical supplies in northeast Bosnia, where 750,000 people now live, including 150,000 mostly Muslim refugees from "ethnically cleansed" towns and villages. And the Red Crescent's inability to help her shows, in microcosm, how ineffectual international aid has been in reducing the suffering here. "Every day, people are going hungry. They come asking for a liter of cooking oil or a kilo of flour. People are desperate," said Sead Avdic, president of the local governing council. But Tuzla, Bosnia's leading industrial center, is not just another city under siege. It is, in fact, the last fully functioning free region of any size in the internationally recognized country of Bosnia. It was here that local leaders, through wit, organization and a modest supply of small arms, managed in May to hold off the Serb military juggernaut that captured two thirds of Bosnia's territory. By conquering Bosnian territory the Serbs hope to expand the territory of Serbia to include ethnic Serbs wherever they live. Now, with the Serbs at bay, the enemy is hunger. But Tuzla's pleas for international help have fallen on deaf ears. The shelves in the city's supermarkets are bare. There has been no gasoline since April. According to Mayor Selim Beslagic, Tuzla normally consumes 7,300 tons of food a month, but is receiving only 400 tons a month by humanitarian convoys it has organized with its own resources and foreign donations. As of late last week, Tuzla's Gradina Hospital had run out of antibiotics except for penicillin, of intravenous fluid and X-ray film, and was down to a three-day supply of medicine needed for kidney dialysis and only a week's worth of basic vaccines. "Every day is dramatic. We're used to it," said Hilmija Hadzefendic, who is in charge of the city's health crisis staff. "The most dramatic moment was when we ran out of bandages." Tuzla and the surrounding region, historically a concentration of Bosnia-Herzegovina's mainly Muslim population, are evidence that some of the republic is still alive and functioning despite the Serb onslaught, and that Bosnians can defend themselves. But Tuzla also provides evidence of a pattern of neglect by the international community, which has ignored the Bosnian hinterlands and, driven by the presence of the world news media, focused almost exclusively on Sarajevo. Although more than half of Bosnia's endangered Muslim population is living here, no international organization has a representative in Tuzla. City officials said this reporter was the first Westerner to visit since May. "All the world's activity is focused on Sarajevo, as if it was the whole of Bosnia-Herzegovina," said Beslajic (pronounced Beh-SHLAG-itch). "We accept that Sarajevo is unquestionably Bosnia-Herzegovina. But Bosnia-Herzegovina is also Visegrad, Gorazde, Mostar, Trebinje, and Tuzla, and we cannot accept that our destiny will be solved only through Sarajevo." Tuzla also illustrates the enormous challenge facing every Bosnian town as fall and winter approach, compounded by its size, the influx of refugees, and its near-total isolation. The city's normal population of 80,000 has been swollen by 55,000 registered refugees. The region's usual population of 600,000 has increased by 150,000 refugees. New refugees arrive at the rate of 500 to 1,000 a day, city officials said, most with only the shirts on their backs and a grocery bag of belongings. The Serbs have the region surrounded. They have blocked all roads, cut communications and daily bombard Tuzla and other towns with long-range artillery and tank cannon from their mountain fastness about 12 miles east. There is a very real danger that a shell will crash into the Sodaso chemical plant, where 200 tons of chloride are stored. "If they hit the production facilities, it would be an ecological catastrophe, like a Bhopal, and it would endanger not only Bosnia and Herzegovina but also Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, and some countries in Europe like Austria, Hungary and Romania," Beslagic said. The United Nations has sent in only two supply convoys since April, leaving the city to organize resupply on its own. The only route is a primitive dirt road hacked out of the mountainside that will become impassable after the first rains of autumn. Now even that precarious link is at risk because of political maneuvering by Bosnian Croat extremists, through whose patches of territory a convoy must pass to reach the free Bosnian region. A New York Newsday reporter and free-lance photographer accompanied one convoy on a trip from Split on the Adriatic coast that should have taken 15 hours, but because of unexplained delays by Bosnian Croat forces, it took three days. In the last month, Beslagic sent a series of SOS messages to President Bush, Secretary of State James A. Baker III, U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the International Red Cross and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees. "Please, do everything you could do" to open an air bridge to ease the growing crisis, he pleaded in the memo, a copy of which was made available to New York Newsday. He told them Tuzla's airport is bigger than Sarajevo's, is ready for operations, is out of the line of Serb cannon, and can easily be protected with a force of 100 U.N. troops. But no one replied. "We get lots of requests," said Ron Redmond, spokesman for the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees in Zagreb, Croatia, noting that the his agency is trying to set up a warehouse in Bosnia where towns could obtain supplies and, using their own trucks, deliver the material to their citizens. But such a plan would not help Tuzla, given the political conflict that threatens to block relief convoys and the imminent closing of the road link. U.N. officials in New York also appeared to be unaware of the appeal from Tuzla. Bosnian Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey said he had asked the Security Council "several times" to "evaluate" the creation of an opening to Tuzla. "No one has ever come back officially and said anything," he said. "It is absolutely preposterous." U.N. officials could not recall the references to Tuzla but later found in their files copies of several letters from Bosnian officials about the city's plight. State Department officials said they had received appeals from Tuzla but noted that similar messages also had come from many other areas in Bosnia. "We are concerned about all the Bosnians who urgently need help," an official said, adding that the United States was working with its allies and the United Nations to deliver aid to Bosnian towns "as quickly as possible." Despite the mounting hardship, there is no sign of civil unrest in Tuzla; instead there is a grim determination to pull through. Its leaders say they are confident that with outside help, they could not only hold onto the territory they now control but enlarge it and eventually rescue even Sarajevo.
novine.69 zormi,
NOVI TEKSTOVI IZ BAZE PODATAKA WASHINGTON POST-A --------------------------------------------------- (ATTN: Foreign editors) (Includes optional trims) WORLD REPORT: Fascism Stirs Amid Ruins of War in Serbia (Belgrade) By Carol J. Williams (c) 1992, Los Angeles Times BELGRADE, Yugoslavia _ Critics of the Yugoslav war that has torn Serbia and the other former republics warn that jobless city dwellers could be forced to burn furniture and books to heat their homes this winter. If the war is pronounced a victory for Serbia, they say, or even if it just burrows into relative slumber during the cold-weather months, armed criminal gangs freed from the front lines will control the markets for precious commodities such as gasoline, sugar and medicines, as a reward for loyal service in the deadly construction of Greater Serbia. Those fearful of what lies ahead _ Western diplomats here as well as opposition forces and a minority of Serbian intellectuals _ worry that borders could be closed to those with Yugoslav or Serbian passports, with the intent of fencing them in to suffer the role of international pariahs. The Western world has already partially isolated the Belgrade leadership it accuses of aggression, by cutting air connections, banning trade and imposing new visa restrictions on visiting Yugoslavs. Public gatherings and night life are likely to be banned to deter social unrest, say these analysts, who see the stirrings of a fascist society amid the ruins of war. They fear critics of the regime are sure to be arrested, perhaps even shot. Crippled industries already function only symbolically and are being run by those deemed politically reliable by virtue of their support for the party in power. Among the horrifying vistas opening up before Yugoslavia's ostracized Serbs, Western diplomats and Serbia's decimated intelligentsia say that an environment of poverty and repression is the best they can expect. Most residents of what is left of Yugoslavia _ Serbia and Montenegro _ cling to faint hopes that they will somehow be rescued and restored to the relative affluence they enjoyed before the war started. "This will all be over soon, and conditions will be back to normal by autumn," insists Natasha Markovic, a young clerk at a Belgrade video-rental store, parroting the official line beamed out nightly on state-run TV. She sees the fall in her monthly income from nearly $2,000 two years ago to less than $50 this month as a temporary consequence of misguided sanctions against her country. "I'm not interested in politics," is the evasive reply of many Serbs when they are asked what conditions they expect to emerge from the current crisis. But those who have broken out of the mesmerizing propaganda spell that grips this capital city envision a much more terrifying future. They warn of a society of rival armed forces waging widespread urban warfare with sophisticated weapons and medieval hate. Belgrade-based diplomats and the thin ranks of the anti-war movement agree that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic is on the verge of achieving his dream of a Greater Serbia. Milosevic and his Serbian Socialist Party, however, have steadfastly denied that the Serbian republic is even at war. They have distanced themselves from the Balkan bloodshed and cast the fighting as a valiant defense by Serbs in other republics against perceived threats of genocide and Muslim fundamentalism. European and other industrialized nations, currently outraged by the carnage in Bosnia-Herzegovina that they blame mostly on Serbs, have been weighing intervention options against the expected costs in money, time and casualties. But none of the possible scenarios, which range from full-scale military invasion to a pullout, will alter the likelihood that the Balkan Peninsula's 10 million Serbs face decades of privation. "We already have here a semicriminal, semimob kind of political life," says Predrag Simic, a Serbian intellectual who heads Belgrade's Institute of International Politics and Economics. "The way you now become a 'good Serb' is to 'liberate' Croatian and Muslim belongings." Milos Vasic, a respected Serbian military analyst who has steered clear of the nationalist fever, denounces Milosevic for "encouraging fascists" and warns that the near-term future can only bring worse conditions. "If Milosevic wins any acceptance of the current state of Yugoslavia, we will have an aggressive, totalitarian regime in Serbia for the next 50 years," says Vasic. What Serbs have won with their war, observes Vasic, "is a lot of poor and devastated territory with borders too long to defend ... a Greater Serbia in which Serbs have successfully killed off their own sources of income." Soon, he adds, "we won't be able to feed our own people, never mind Serbs in Croatia and in Bosnia-Herzegovina." Serbian forces have seized one-third of Croatia and nearly three-quarters of Bosnia-Herzegovina, but most of those spoils are the poorest and least productive regions of the occupied republics. Moreover, artillery and mortar attacks unleashed to drive non-Serbs from the coveted cities destroyed much of the housing and industry in the conquered areas Serbs now control. Since Milosevic rose to power in 1987 on a wave of nationalist emotion he helped provoke, Serbs have squandered most of their wealth and energy on preparing for and waging war. "Ultimately, Serbia is going to be the new Albania," predicts a Western diplomat living in Belgrade, referring to Europe's poorest country. "They don't seem to see that yet, or maybe they don't care." The current leadership's thus-far-successful struggle to stay in office against a growing but badly divided opposition has reportedly been aided by private armies and criminal gangs paid off through a shadowy network of monopoly franchises for essential goods. Each of the Belgrade-based paramilitary forces taking territory in the other former republics is aligned with a political party currently loyal to the Milosevic regime. But as economic collapse makes the pot grow smaller and competition for the wealth heats up among the heavily armed bands, opposition figures warn that the armies could easily begin fighting among themselves. In the case of a public uprising, the forces could be pitted against the people. Noting that nearly every household in Serbia is armed, Veselinov and Vasic both fear the kind of anarchic urban combat depicted in the futuristic film "Road Warrior." "The party in power in this country is not ready to withdraw its primitive elite forces," says Veselinov. "The rulers will stay in power through criminal ways, by enriching those closest to the leadership. No more than 100 people will suck the blood of the other 8 million." Serbs number more than 10 million in the six former Yugoslav republics, with about 80 percent of them in the republic of Serbia. To break a cycle of violence and economic chaos, the people brainwashed by propaganda and whipped into a frenzy of killing will have to undergo a kind of "de-Nazification" process, says Simic, the international affairs institute director. But with most of Serbia and the Serb-held areas of Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina still spellbound by potent nationalism, there is not yet any indication that the majority is ready to begin extricating itself from disaster. So-called ethnic cleansing of territory conquered by Serbs has driven more than 2 million people from their homes, creating Europe's worst refugee crisis in almost 50 years. Many ordinary Serbs privately denounce the forced expulsions of non-Serbs as disturbingly reminiscent of the Nazi Holocaust, but they remain silent for fear of being accused of disloyalty to the all-powerful regime. "This country might become a fascist one in the near future," warns Veselinov. "The international community must prevent this, because if Serbia transforms itself into a fascist state, the whole Balkan area and Europe as well will be threatened with general war."
novine.70 korvin,
Sjajan primer propagande druge strane. Valja pročitati da bi se videlo da ovi na RTS nisu sami na dnu.
novine.71 ndragan,
/ Sjajan primer propagande druge strane. Valja pročitati da bi se Fino. A ajde neka ovi ovde lepo objasne šta se događa sa, naprimer, cigaretama. Lova od poreza na duvan je najslađi zalogaj svake države, a u ovoj državi, koja je napokon (ponovo) izmislila finansijsku policiju, duvansku mafiju niko ni ne pomišlja da potera. Dok su Rusi, Rumuni i Poljaci carevali buvljacima, panduri su ih razjurivali bar jednom u deset dana. Ovi trguju na ulicama, zelenim pijacama, bilo gde, i to ne više švercovane makedonske cigare, nego niške, koje pokupuju u kiosku čim stignu. Ja sam prvo šiznuo kad sam video da privatne trafike prodaju po maksimum dve ili tri kutije (koji su to privatni trgovci kad imaju socrealistički 'sve na bonove' pogled na posao), a onda sam ukapirao da pokušavaju da zaštite normalne mušterije. W. Post tvrdi da su crnoberzijanske mafije sastavljene mahom od 'zaslužnih kriminalaca - veterana iz rata' i da ih zato Zloba mazi (inače bi se okrenuli protiv njega :> ). Ima li neko bolje objašnjenje? Bue_ Ndragan P.S. Ja sam se, inače snašao. Posle petnaest godina odašiljanja pozitivnih vibracija prema severnom kraju grada, uspeo sam of lajn da ubedim duvansku industriju zrenjanin da počne da prodaje duvan za zavijanje. Nije loš. Ima neko neku dobru vezu? Jedina (koliko znam) fabrika cigaret papira nam je ostala u Rijeci ;(.
novine.72 predrag,
>> Fino. A ajde neka ovi ovde lepo objasne sta se dogada sa, >> naprimer, cigaretama. Lova od poreza na duvan je najsladi >> zalogaj svake drzave, a Kao sto smo svojevremeno pricali da Slovenci kupuju jeftino sirovinu u Srbiji pa to posle prerade pa prodaju za velike pare, sada je izaslo na videlo da je Srpska duvanska industrija to isto radila kupovinom jeftinog duvana iz Makedonije.
novine.73 korvin,
>>>> W. Post tvrdi da su crnoberzijanske mafije sastavljene mahom od >>>> 'zaslužnih kriminalaca - veterana iz rata' i da ih zato Zloba mazi >>>> (inače bi se okrenuli protiv njega :> ). Ima li neko bolje objašnjenje? Ima. Probaj sa starom forom zvanom korumpiranost policije. Međutim, kada ih je Panić poterao, nigde u Bgd nisi mogao da kupiš cigare od švercera. U ratno vreme kakvo je ovo, teško je kontrolisati crnu berzu pogotovo kod nas (čak ni Nemci 41-45 nisu to uspeli).
novine.74 dejanr,
>> duvan za zavijanje. Nije loš. Ima neko neku dobru vezu? Jedina >> (koliko znam) fabrika cigaret papira nam je ostala u Rijeci ;(. U "Novostima" izlazi feljton nekog novinara koji se "zatekao" u Sarajevu i tamo pregurao dobar deo ovoga rata. Kaže da je isprobao sve vrste materijala za zavijanje cigareta, i da je ubedljivo najbolji onaj papir koji se nalazi u kutiji indiga, između listova. E sad, ako ti za pisanje koristiš kompjuter pa ti indigo ne treba...
novine.75 andrejl,
>│ zavijanje. Nije loš. Ima neko neku dobru vezu? Jedina >│ (koliko znam) fabrika cigaret papira nam je ostala u >│ Rijeci ;(. Papir možeš kupiti na pijaci ;) bye, andrejl
novine.76 andrejl,
>│ švercera. U ratno vreme kakvo je ovo, teško je >│ kontrolisati crnu berzu pogotovo kod nas (čak ni Nemci >│ 41-45 nisu to uspeli). Teško je kontrolisati, da. Ali onako kako izgleda Bečkerečka pijaca ni ne primećuje se da neko i pokušava da je kontroliše osim par rutinskih "racija" (murija nije imala šta da puši). E, samo kad nebi DIN-ovo preprodavali sa maržo, od 100% (mada je i ostali duvan iz Rumunije sa takvom maržom) bye, andrejl P.S. Embargo smoker
novine.77 zormi,
Još malo najnovijih tekstova iz WASHINGTON POST-a =============================================================== (ndy) (ATTN: Foreign editors) (Includes optional trims) Killing, Lying Normal Behavior in Bosnia These Days (Vlasenica) By Nina Bernstein (c) 1992, Newsday VLASENICA, Bosnia-Herzegovina _ Most of the houses on Sinis Paic's street have been ransacked and looted. "Muslims lived there," the 15-year-old Serb said matter-of-factly as he led a visitor home last week to show off his submachine gun, ammunition belt, daggers and grenade. Only a handful of Muslims are left in this town of 15,000, where four months ago they outnumbered Serbs 2-1. The only straggler Paic knows is a barber, "so-called loyal, until they kill him," the clean-cut blond teen-ager said with a small smile. Paic, the son of an officer who died in battle in July, said that he might kill the barber himself. "I've been told by the authorities I can kill any Muslim because my father was killed," he explained. "It's normal." This is the kind of normalcy that "ethnic cleansing" has left behind in the villages and towns of Bosnia-Herzegovina. It's what awaits thousands of inmates of detention camps if they're sent home under the agreement reached last week at the London conference, international officials fear. "When we talk about release of prisoners, normally we're talking about a situation where hostilities have ceased," Thierry Meyrat, head of the International Committee of the Red Cross delegation, said in an interview. "In this situation, the conflict is on-going. "Everyone's saying that once there's a political solution they can go home," Meyrat added, speaking of the camp inmates and 2 million refugees driven from their homes in the former Yugoslavia by ethnic terrorism. "I defy anyone to give an answer to how many would go back. Would they even find their houses?" The house Hassib Verhatbegovic built is still there, empty. A small white square with a red roof, it's perched on a leafy slope above the road that runs through Vlasenica to Pale, where officials of the self-declared Serbian Republic of Bosnia wage war from hotel rooms papered with color-coded ethnic maps. Verhatbegovic, a 52-year-old father of four, lives in a warehouse now, behind barbed wire. He is one of 1,300 men in a detention camp called Batkovic, 40 miles from his house in the village of Papraca, and unknown miles from his wife, children and 83-year-old mother. In an interview two weeks ago, the frail and frightened man said that his family was among hundreds of Muslims from the Vlasenica area summoned to the center of town May 31 after being trapped in their villages by armed blockades. Serbian paramilitary troops loaded the women and children onto buses bound for an unknown destination, and took the men to a camp, Verhatbegovic said in an account typical of those given by other detainees. "Yes," agreed one of the armed men slouched against the village water tap in Paprace late last week when asked about the May 31 deportation of local Muslims. "They surrendered and they were taken to the area where they're going to live." He gestured vaguely westward, and named Kladanj, a town in the Muslim-controlled zone near Tuzla. Before other questions could be asked, a local warlord in camouflage and sunglasses strode up with his pistol to cut off the conversation and send the visitors away. Such men re the rulers of the 100-mile road from the Serbian border to Pale. They control the checkpoints that bar the entrance and exit to every village along the way. They saunter the streets of little towns nestled in a landscape that would look like Switzerland, were it not for the tank tracks gouged into the roadway and machine-gun emplacements beside the grazing cows. Deporting, killing or terrorizing families such as the Verhatbegovices was a key element in carving out this corridor and others that link predominantly Serbian settlements in Bosnia to the mother country, western observers agree. "It was planned from the very beginning," said Milos Vasic, a respected military analyst who writes for Vreme, Belgrade's only independent weekly. "There was a common, coordinated push of the regular army, the paramilitary and local irregulars. It started in April at Zvornik and Bijeljina simultaneously. And ethnic cleansing began the same month." On the local level, official cover stories to disguise the campaign of violence against Muslim neighbors are told only half-heartedly, and then casually contradicted with harsher realities. "This was not ethnic cleansing on the basis of terror," argued Ilja Nedic, a big, mustachioed police inspector in camouflage who volunteered with a hearty chuckle that he'd obtained his Kalishnikov by strangling its Muslim owner. "They exchanged houses because they didn't want to feel like a minority." Nedic, a parliamentary deputy and former schoolmaster in Sekovici, a traditionally Serbian town of 12,000 between Papraca and Vlasenica, showed no embarrassment when chief police inspector Miodrag Milosevic gave a different version of Muslim flight, during a tour the two men led of vacated Muslim houses in Papraca. "They were afraid," Milosevic said. "Many people died. People get crazy when their sons die; they find the first Muslim and kill him." And what do the police do about it? "The police in such a case must not do anything because the people would lynch them," the chief inspector replied smoothly. "The police can't intervene, and then the other Muslims are very much afraid and run away." To Vasic and other critics of the Bosnian war, this account illustrates the success of a strategy prepared in Belgrade, carried out by Serbia's security police apparatus, and built on a five-year campaign of nationalist propaganda that exploited historic ethnic tensions. "The first thing you do is split the police station between Serbs and Muslims," the military analyst said. "You do it by infiltration; you put your own people in. You paralyze the police. Then everything is possible, and everything happens." Serbia's government continues to deny launching the war or supporting it. But one doesn't have to look far down the road to Pale to find symptoms of Vasic's scenario. In a sandbagged checkpoint between Papraca and Sekovici, a 24-year-old Serb militiaman named Mile Ristic said that he had run away May 1 from Zivinice, a predominantly Muslim town near Tuzla, where he was a policeman, "because it became known that each Serb policeman had two Muslims assigned to kill him." An older man at the checkpoint, Milovar Kostic, read out the latest Zivinice atrocity tales carried in his copy of "Novosti," a propaganda sheet for the Bosnian-Serb cause: A Muslim doctor was bleeding Serbs to death in the soccer stadium to transfuse wounded Muslims, it said; and all Serbian women had been raped and impregnated by Muslims there. "They do it because under the Turks, it was policy to make half-breeds, since they make the best soldiers," Kostic explained, unfazed by the centuries that have passed since Turkish rule, or the fact that Bosnia's Muslims are European Slavs, just like the Serbs. "Somewhere deep in their peasant souls they know they're doing the wrong thing," Vasic said. "So they will believe everything, fantastic accusations against Muslims, to justify what they've done." Sometimes the accusations seem like backward projections of their own misdeeds. Sinis Paic, the teen-ager in Vlasenica, described "the liberation" of the town, in which every Muslim house was looted, as a pre-emptive strike. "The Muslims wanted to kill us," he contended. "They had a plan to put us in four soccer stadiums, separating the men, the women, the children and the elderly. When they were caught, they confessed." Pressed to talk about the Muslim families who had lived in his neighborhood, he finally mentioned a 16-year-old boy named Huso. "Three times I was hiding him in my house," he admitted. "His mother was giving me her keys." Eventually the authorities took Huso away. "He's working in the fields now, in some village," Paic said vaguely. He seemed more comfortable talking about killing. After their father died, his older brother wanted to shoot at U.N. Peace Forces soldiers, Paic volunteered. Instead, "my brother cut some throats, and my father is already a little revenged." Distributed by the Los Angeles Times-Washington Post News Service
novine.78 ndragan,
/ Teško je kontrolisati, da. Ali onako kako izgleda / Bečkerečka pijaca ni ne primećuje se da neko i pokušava da Šta pijaca? Vidi ono Ciganče pred bolnicom, zauzeo celu tezgu, a ima cigara na njoj za onako jedno frtalj prosečne plate (subota popodne, mrtvo doba dana pred bolnicom).
novine.79 iboris,
Ł P.S. Ja sam se, inače snašao. Posle petnaest godina odašiljanja Ł pozitivnih vibracija prema severnom kraju grada, uspeo sam of lajn da Ł ubedim duvansku industriju zrenjanin da počne da prodaje duvan za Ł zavijanje. Nije loš. Ima neko neku dobru vezu? Jedina (koliko znam) Ł fabrika cigaret papira nam je ostala u Rijeci ;(. Pa što se nisi javio da ti trebaju cigare ? Evo svima da obznanim da prodajem PalMal superlong (onaj crveni), po ceni od 450 din/kutija. Bond prodajem za 350 din. Ko voli nek izvoli. Ima duvana u velikim količinama, ali iskreno da vam kažem ne može da se donese koliko može da se proda.
novine.80 iboris,
Ł Teško je kontrolisati, da. Ali onako kako izgleda Ł Bečkerečka pijaca ni ne primećuje se da neko i pokušava da Ł je kontroliše osim par rutinskih "racija" (murija nije imala Ł šta da puši). E, samo kad nebi DIN-ovo preprodavali sa Ł maržo, od 100% (mada je i ostali duvan iz Rumunije sa takvom Ł maržom) A molim te, zašto da se ne preprodaje ? Prvo duvan iz DIN-a se kupuje u inostranstvu, tj. u Makedoniji. Kako se za to troše devize, mora da se plati carina, da se obračunaju gubici na razlici u kursevima itd, to izadje prilično realna cena na pijaci. Naravno mora nešto i da se zaradi. Apropo murije i racija, u Kruševcu npr. murija oduzima ciganima cigare i onda nosi kući, da bi te iste cigare preprodavali njihovi sinovi. Medjutim, ako ste čitali u novinama, pre neki dan cigani organizovali miting u opštini Kruševac i tražili legalizaciju posla, sa urednim plaćanjem poreza. Opština je to naravno odbila, jer bi tako izgubila vekliki prihod. Otimanjem cigara (jer reč je bukvalno o otimačini), zaradjuju se veće pare, nego da se plaća porez na tu delatnost. Na putevima koji vode ka Novom Pazaru, nema dana da se ne zapleni ogromna količina duvana. To je prava otimačina, jer policija sačeka da ljudi kupe duvan i onda im otme taj duvan. Pre neki dan je u vozu koji ide iz Novog Pazara zaplenjeno 9.000. boksova cigara. Koja je to količina !!!!!! Slične racije postoje i kod negotina, Zaječara, Vršca itd. Dakle, država OTIMA cigarete, jer nema pare ni mogućnost da ih sama uveze. Gde ide novac od prodaje tih cigara, ne znam.